Session: 332. Anticoagulation and Antithrombotic Therapy: Novel Agents, Reversal Drugs and Indications
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
anticoagulant drugs, Diseases, Animal models, Non-Biological, Therapies, Study Population
We utilized the podocin promotor-human diphtheria toxin receptor (pDTR) transgenic rat model to induce highly specific podocyte injury following a single I.P. injection of 50 ng/kg diphtheria toxin (DT). DT-induced proteinuria was subsequently treated daily by oral gavage with 1) Dabigatran (20 mg/kg; Dabi), 2) Rivaroxaban (3 mg/kg; Riva), or 3) Sham (saline) and compared to healthy controls (n=3-6/group). Morning spot urine and citrated plasma samples were collected from each group at day 10 post-DT. Endogenous Thrombin Potential (ETP) was measured by Technothrombin TGA assay, without and with DOAC-Stop reagent. Glomeruli were isolated from the kidney, dissociated into single-cell suspensions and analyzed by flow cytometry following immunofluorescent antibody and TUNEL staining.
Both Dabi and Riva significantly reduced proteinuria (Fig A) and podocytopathy (TUNEL positive podocyte fraction; Fig B), while concomitantly correcting elevated ETP levels (Fig C open symbols). Addition of DOAC-Stop (Fig C closed symbols) revealed an insignificant (P=0.18) trend toward partial ETP reduction, consistent with DOAC-mediated reduction of the underlying GP-mediated hypercoagulopathy (via indirect, antiproteinuric effects).
In conclusion, dabigatran and rivaroxaban reduce proteinuria and enhance podocyte health in concert with alleviation of the acquired hypercoagulopathy in a podocyte-specific rodent model of glomerular disease. Overall these data suggest DOAC treatment as a novel approach to simultaneously reduce both podocytopathy and thrombotic co-morbidities during glomerular disease. Additional experiments using this model to determine DOAC efficacy on in vivo thrombosis are in progress. Results from these preclinical studies should inform subsequent randomized controlled DOAC trials that may transform care for patients with glomerular disease by mitigating their risk of both CKD progression and thrombosis.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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