Session: 653. Myeloma/Amyloidosis: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Combinations, Therapies, Clinically relevant
Studies combining Daratumumab with a proteasome inhibitor and/ or an immunomodulatory drug have shown to increase the duration and depth of response in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). While assessment of minimal residual status (MRD) after different stages of treatment is increasingly being evaluated in clinical trials as sensitive measure of depth of response and improved survival, published data on its utility as a tool to select the optimal post-induction therapy are not yet available.
This ongoing single arm, two-stage, Phase II trial is designed with the primary objective to evaluate the efficacy in terms of rate of ≥ CR after 8 cycles of Daratumumab, Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Dara + KRd) induction therapy in patients with NDMM. Induction treatment cycles consist of daratumumab per standard dosing, carfilzomib 56 mg/m2 IV days 1,8,15 (per latest amendment), lenalidomide 25 mg PO days 1-21 and dexamethasone 40 mg PO/IV days 1,8,15,22 repeated every 28 days.
After induction, all subjects will undergo disease evaluation. Those who experience ≥very good partial response (VGPR) will undergo an assessment of MRD and will be classified as MRD(+) or MRD(-) as determined by next generation sequencing at 10-5 sensitivity (clonoSEQ®, Adaptive Biotechnologies), with further therapy guided by MRD-based algorithm (Figure). Those with <VGPR will be considered to have MRD(+) disease and will follow MRD(+) algorithm. This trial will allow us to gather preliminary data on use of MRD status to direct post-induction therapy. Based on MRD status post-induction, patients will be divided into 3 separate groups: Group A: MRD(-) will be offered lenalidomide maintenance or no further treatment at the discretion of the investigator; Group B: MRD(+) eligible for transplant, will undergo autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Post ASCT, those who remain MRD(+) will receive up to 12 cycles of KRd; Group C: MRD(+) group, not eligible for transplant will receive up to 12 additional cycles of KRd.
Study Population and Endpoints
Eligible patients ≥ 18 years have NDMM requiring treatment, ECOG performance status 0-2, LVEF ≥45%, and creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min. One prior cycle of systemic therapy is permitted to accommodate patients who needed emergent treatment at the time of diagnosis. Major exclusion criteria include non-secretory MM, active involvement of the central nervous system by MM, POEMS syndrome and severe COPD.
Primary endpoint is CR or better after 8 cycles of Dara + KRd induction therapy. Secondary endpoints include PFS, OS, time to disease progression, overall response rate, duration of response, time to next treatment, and post-induction rate of MRD(-) response.
A minimax 2-stage design will be used to test the hypothesis that the CR or better rate is ≤ 50%. Twenty-three subjects will be enrolled in the first stage, and if at least 12 of the 23 subjects have a CR or better after induction therapy, an additional 16 subjects will be enrolled (a total of 39 patients). If at least 24 of 39 subjects have a CR or better, the null hypothesis will be rejected. Based on a one-sided alpha = 0.10 significance level, this sample size will provide 90% power to reject the null hypothesis, assuming the true CR or better rate is 70%. Bayesian based stopping rules (Grade 3+ cardiovascular/pulmonary-related toxicities or any Grade 5 events) were developed that will be utilized for safety monitoring during induction phase of the study.
Beyond the direct anti-MM plasma cell activity, the Dara + KRd combination has a potent effect on immune effector cells and overall inflammation. Correlative aims include assessing blood and bone marrow immune biomarkers at baseline and during treatment for association with patient outcome. Mononuclear cells, isolated from peripheral blood samples and bone marrow aspirate will be obtained for NK, NKT, B and T cell immunotyping (including expression of activating/ inhibitory molecules and maturation status), T cell (αβ and γδ) clonotyping and chemokine-profiling. Additionally, MRD testing will be done by next generation flow cytometry (MRD-NGF) at 10-6 sensitivity.
The study is actively recruiting at Levine Cancer Institute, Charlotte. At the time of submission, 8 subjects have enrolled and are in induction phase of treatment.
Disclosures: Bhutani: Janssen: Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; MedImmune: Research Funding; Sanofi Genzyme: Consultancy. Atrash: Levine Cancer Institute, Atrium Health: Current Employment; Amgen, GSK, Karyopharm.: Research Funding; BMS, Jansen oncology, Sanofi: Speakers Bureau; Takeda, Amgen, Karyopharm, BMS, Sanofi, Cellactar, Janssen and Celgene: Honoraria. Paul: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Other: Stock Ownership (prior employee); Regeneron: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau. Friend: Takeda: Speakers Bureau. Symanowski: Immatics: Consultancy; Casgen: Consultancy; Eli Lilly: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy. Voorhees: Oncopeptides: Honoraria, Other: Other relationship; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Honoraria, Other: Other relationship; TeneBio: Honoraria, Other: Other relationship; Janssen: Honoraria, Other: Other relationship; Novartis: Honoraria, Other: Other relationship; GSK: Honoraria, Other: Other relationship; BMS/Celgene: Honoraria, Other: Other relationship. Usmani: Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Speaking Fees, Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Speaking Fees, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Speaking Fees, Research Funding; BMS, Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Speaking Fees, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy; Celgene: Other; GSK: Consultancy, Research Funding; Array Biopharma: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; Merck: Consultancy, Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Research Funding; SkylineDX: Consultancy, Research Funding.
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