Session: 626. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)—Results from Prospective Clinical Trials: Updates and advances in bispecific antibody therapies and autologous CAR-T approaches
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adult, Biological, Lymphoma (any), Diseases, Therapies, CAR-Ts, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, DLBCL, B-Cell Lymphoma, Study Population, Lymphoid Malignancies, Clinically relevant
CD19 redirected chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has proven efficacy in relapsed or chemotherapy-refractory (r/r) aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). However, targeting a single B-cell antigen leads to selective pressure with potential antigen-escape and subsequent relapse. A tandem CAR targeting CD20 and CD19 (pLTG1497) has been developed to overcome this limitation. Preclinical evaluation showed improved anti-lymphoma activity. Thus, we initiated a first-in-human, phase I clinical study of autologous pLTG1497-transduced CAR T-cells (MB-CART2019.1) in r/r B-NHL patients.
In this phase I prospective multi-center trial (NCT03870945) we aimed to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of MB-CART2019.1 in adult patients with CD20 and CD19 positive r/r B-NHL as determined by dose limiting toxicities (DLTs).
This was a 6+3 trial design with two predefined dose levels (DL1 1x106 and DL2 2.5x106 CAR T-cells/kg body weight, respectively). Secondary endpoints included adverse events (AEs) and best overall response rate (ORR). Pharmacodynamic assessments included maximum concentration (Cmax) of CAR T-cells, time to peak expansion (tmax), AUC (d0 to d28), and persistence. MB-CART2019.1 was produced by lentiviral transduction of autologous fresh leukapheresis in the closed automated CliniMACS Prodigy® System (Miltenyi Biotec, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany). Re-infusion (Day 0) of fresh MB-CART2019.1 was scheduled 14 days after leukapheresis. Fludarabine/cyclophosphamide lymphodepleting chemotherapy was administered from day -5 to -3.
A total of 12 patients, 6 per dose level have been enrolled and treated between February and December 2019, 5 female and 7 male patients. Median age was 72 y (range 20, 78 y), with 10 patients >65 y and 8 >70 y. Histologies included aggressive B-NHL (11) and mantle cell lymphoma (1). Five (5) patients had refractory disease at study entry and IPI was ≥3 in 7 patients. Median time from leukapheresis to re-infusion was 14 d (range 13, 14 d). No DLT and no cytokine release syndrome (CRS) or neurotoxicity grade ≥3 were observed. One patient in dose level 1 experienced a grade 5 AE, which was due to disease progression. CRS grade 1 occurred in 3/6 patients on DL1 and DL2 each, and CRS grade 2 in 2 patients on DL2. Tocilizumab was given in 1 patient. Neurotoxicity grade 1 occurred in 1 patient on DL2. The above described CRS and neurotoxicity resolved completely. Mean Cmax of MB-CART2019.1 was 348.3 cells/µl (range 3.9, 830.4 cells/µl) on DL1 and 692 cells/µl (range 5.3, 3147.8 cells/µl) on DL2. Mean tmax was 15.8 d (range 9, 21 d) on DL1 and 11.5 d (range 9, 14 d) on DL2. Mean AUC was 3155 d*cells/µl (DL1) and 4339 d*cells/µl (DL2). Persistence of MB-CART2019.1 was observed in 12/12 patients until data cut-off. Altogether 9/12 patients (ORR 75%) responded to MB-CART2019.1 with 5/12 CRs. In DL1 3/6 patients responded (ORR 50%) and in DL2 6/6 patients (ORR 100%). The 3 patients without response to MB-CART2019.1 had a mean AUC0-28 of 870 d*cells/µl, whereas mean AUC0-28 in 9 responders was 4843 d*cells/µl reflecting the correlation between the pharmacodynamic parameters and the clinical response. Responses are ongoing in 5/9 patients, with a maximum duration of response of 330 days at data cut-off.
In this first-in-human dose finding study of MB-CART2019.1 no DLT and no severe (grade ≥3) CRS or neurotoxicity were observed. Feasibility and safety were very good in this cohort of elderly r/r B-NHL patients. The sustained expansion of tandem CAR T-cells was accompanied by efficacy: all patients (6/6) treated on DL2 responded and all 5 patients with CR (5/5) are in ongoing remission by the time of this report. Based on the promising risk-to-benefit ratio observed in our study, evaluation of MB-CART2019.1 at a dose of 2.5x106/kg body weight in clinical phase II and phase III trials for patients with relapsed aggressive B-NHL is underway.
Disclosures: Borchmann: Miltenyi Biotec B.V. & Co. KG: Honoraria. Balke-Want: Miltenyi Biotec B.V. & Co. KG: Honoraria. Ayuk: Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Kite/Gilead: Honoraria; Therakos/Mallinckrodt: Honoraria, Research Funding; Neovii: Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria. Holtkamp: Miltenyi Biomedicine GmbH: Current Employment. Preussner: Miltenyi Biomedicine GmbH: Ended employment in the past 24 months. Zadoyan: Miltenyi Biomedicine GmbH: Current Employment. Hanssens: Miltenyi Biomedicine GmbH: Current Employment. Kaiser: Miltenyi Biotec B.V. & Co. KG: Current Employment. Jurk: Miltenyi Biotec B.V. & Co. KG: Current Employment. Bürger: Miltenyi Biotec B.V. & Co. KG: Current Employment. Schneider: Lentigen Technology Inc., A Miltenyi Company: Current Employment, Patents & Royalties. Dropulic: Lentigen Technology Inc., A Miltenyi Company: Current Employment. Overstijns: Miltenyi Biomedicine GmbH: Current Employment, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Miltenyi Biotec B.V. & Co. KG: Current Employment, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Scheid: Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; BMS: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria, Research Funding. Holtick: Miltenyi Biotec B.V. & Co. KG: Honoraria. Miltenyi: Miltenyi Biomedicine GmbH: Current Employment, Current equity holder in private company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties; Lentigen Technology Inc., A Miltenyi Company: Current Employment, Current equity holder in private company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties; Miltenyi Biotec B.V. & Co. KG: Current Employment, Current equity holder in private company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties.
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