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1263 Predictors of Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura in COVID-19 Positive Elderly Admitted in the Pre-Vaccination Era of the Pandemic; An Analysis Via the 2020 National Inpatient Sample

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 331. Thrombotic Microangiopathies/Thrombocytopenias and COVID-19-Related Thrombotic/Vascular Disorders: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, autoimmune disorders, Diseases, Immune Disorders, SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19, Infectious Diseases, Study Population
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Saisree Reddy Adla Jala, MD1*, Sailaja Sanikommu, MBBS2*, Suma Sri Chennapragada, MD3, Balkiranjit Kaur Dhillon, MBBS4*, Shruti Aggarwal, MBBS5*, Saloni Savani, MD6*, Salini Ajitha, MBBS7*, Mehndi Dandwani, MBBS8, Vaishnavi Singh, MD9*, Arcita Hanjani Pramudita, MD10*, Shriya Goyal, MD11*, Sindhu Thevuthasan, MD12*, Hemamalini Sakthivel, MD13*, Kamleshun Ramphul, MD14* and Shivani Sharma, MBBS15

1Centinela Hospital Medical Center Inglewood, CA 90301, Inglewood, CA
2SJMedSpace, Chennai, India
3LSUHSC-S/Feist-Weiller Cancer Center, Shreveport, LA
4Independent Researcher, Brampton, Canada
5Independent Researcher, Bhatinda, India
6Wills Knighton Health System, Shreveport, LA
7TD Medical college, Kerala, India, Kerala, India
8University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa, IA
9Willis-Knighton Health System, Shreveport, LA
10Harvard Medical School/Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA
12LSU Health Shreveport, Shreveport, LA
13One Brooklyn Health System/Interfaith Medical Center Program, Brooklyn, NY, USA., New York
14Independent Researcher, Triolet, Mauritius
15Assistant Professor Clinical of Internal Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Shreveport, Shreveport, LA

Introduction: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) involves an autoimmune destruction of platelets secondary to factors such as lupus erythematosus or viral conditions, e.g., COVID-19. With the onset of the pandemic in 2020, several reports of ITP in COVID-19 patients were published. However, to date, very limited information exists on the factors influencing the odds of ITP among the elderly who were COVID-19-positive before the introduction of mass vaccination campaigns. Hereby, we seek to bridge the knowledge gap via an in-depth analysis of hospitalization records.

Methods: Our retrospective analysis via the 2020 National Inpatient Sample included admissions of patients ages≥60 years with a primary diagnosis of COVID-19. As the COVID-19 vaccination began on a large scale in December 2020 in the US and the ICD-10 code ‘U071’ was introduced in April, we restricted our sample to admissions between April to November 2020 for better accuracy of results. Logistic regression models were used to estimate various patient characteristics that affected the odds of a diagnosis of ITP.

Results: Between 1st April 2020 and 30th November 2020, there were 507860 patients of 60 and more years hospitalized primarily for COVID-19. An estimated 830 cases developed ITP, with an incidence rate of 163 cases per 100,000 COVID-19-positive patients. Multiple comorbidities such as a history of autoimmune conditions (aOR 1.982, 95% CI 1.483-2.648, p<0.01), chronic kidney disease (aOR 1.652, 95% CI 1.375-1.984, p<0.01), and cirrhosis (aOR 4.119, 95% CI 2.964-5.724, p<0.01) showed higher odds of ITP. Racial disparities were also noted as compared to Whites, Blacks (aOR 0.523, 95% CI 0.417-0.657, p<0.01) and Hispanics (aOR 0.461, 95% CI 0.355-0.600, p<0.01) showed reduced odds. Furthermore, Medicaid insurers also had lower odds (aOR 0.411, 95% CI 0.244-0.694, p<0.01) than those insured by Medicare. Hypertension (aOR 0.747, 95% CI 0.624-0.894, p<0.01) and long-term aspirin use(aOR 0.700, 95% CI 0.572-0.856, p<0.01) also showed fewer events of ITP (Table 1, Figure 1). The mean Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score was higher among those who had ITP (mean score of 4.20 vs. 3.08, p<0.01). Furthermore, patients with ITP also experienced a longer stay (12.29 days vs. 8.34 days, p<0.01). Events of ITP among the elderly with COVID-19 were linked with a poorer prognosis as 27.1% of all patients died (vs. 15.2% in the non-ITP group, aOR mortality 1.880, 95% CI 1.585-2.230, p<0.01).

Conclusion: Our results provide the first report of factors linked with the risk of ITP among the elderly with COVID-19. Various conditions such as autoimmunity and racial disparities have previously been reported to influence events of ITP, as also seen in our study. We further report higher odds among patients with cirrhosis and chronic kidney disease, while those with hypertension and long term aspirin use had lower odds. ITP also led to a higher mortality rate. Broader studies can help understand the impact of our findings during the pre-vaccination era, which can help set a template for protocols among the elderly in future pandemics.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

*signifies non-member of ASH