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1849 KPT-8602 Induced Hematopoietic Differentiation in U2AF1S34F Mutant Cells and Myelodysplastic Syndromes Bone Marrow Stem and Progenitor Cells

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 636. Myelodysplastic Syndromes – Basic and Translational: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, Translational Research, Diseases, Myeloid Malignancies
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Valeria Velez Galiano, BS1,2*, Gloria Garcia, PhD1*, David M Swoboda, MD3*, Katherine McKinnon, PhD4*, Dan Larson, PhD1,2,5* and Kathy L McGraw1,2,5*

1Laboratory of Receptor Biology and Gene Expression, National Cancer Institute, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD
2Myeloid Malignancies Program, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD
3Tampa General Hospital Cancer Institute, Tampa, FL
4Vaccine Branch Flow Cytometry Core, National Cancer Institute, Center for Cancer Research, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD
5Immune Deficiency – Cellular Therapy Program, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of clonal bone marrow (BM) neoplasms characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, cytopenia’s, and a high risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Current standard therapies include erythropoiesis stimulating agents for lower risk disease and DNMTi for higher risk MDS; however, less than half of patients respond and even the best responses are transient and non-curative. The majority of MDS patients harbor at least one of ~40 commonly found somatic gene mutations, most of which occur in splicing factor genes such as U2AF1, which also have non-canonical roles in nuclear export. KPT-8602 (Eltanexor) is a novel selective inhibitor of nuclear export (SINE) that acts by disrupting nuclear export of cargo relevant in MDS. We hypothesized that U2AF1S34F mutant cells would be selectively sensitive to treatment with KPT-8602. We created immortalized murine hematopoietic progenitor cells by retroviral transduction of stimulated bone marrow (BM) cells isolated from U2AF1WT or U2AF1S34F mice with a HOXB8_ER vector. Estrogen drives the hematopoietic transcription factor immortalizing the cells in a progenitor state, however, upon estrogen withdrawal the cells will differentiate and eventually die. This differentiation can be driven by treatment with specific growth factors such as erythropoietin (EPO) for erythroid differentiation or granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for myeloid differentiation.

KPT-8602 exposure induced differentiation and increased hematopoiesis in murine cell models and primary MDS samples. U2AF1WT and U2AF1S34F cells were plated in medium lacking estrogen and treated with GM-CSF (10nM) or EPO (1nM) with or without KPT-8602 (10nM) for 72h, then stained with Ly6C, CD11b, Ter119, and CD71 for flow cytometry analysis. In addition, we performed colony forming capacity assays in both the murine cells and primary MDS BM stem and progenitor cells and age-comparable healthy donors, with 14 day KPT-8602 exposure. Treatment with GM-CSF significantly increased the expression of Ly6C in both U2AF1WT and U2AF1S34F cells (WT fold change untreated vs GMCSF =1.9, p=0.03; S34F fold change untreated vs GMCSF =2.3, p<0.01). However, addition of KPT-8602 caused significantly more Ly6C expression than GM-CSF alone in the mutant cells (WT fold change GMCSF vs combination =3.1, p=0.06; S34F fold change GMCSF vs combination =4.0, p<0.01). There were no significant changes in CD11b expression with KPT-8602 treatment. We did not find a statistically significant increase in erythroid markers assessed by Ter-119 and CD71 after EPO treatment, however, KPT-8602 treatment alone showed a trend of increased expression of Ter-119 and CD71 in the mutant cells that fell just below statistical significance (Ter119 p=0.08 for WT, p=0.09 for S34F; CD71 p=0.21 for WT, p=0.06 for S34F). Additionally, we looked at selective toxicity of U2AF1S34F by WST-1 reagent and found no differences in toxicity between the WT or mutant cells with KPT-8602. However, U2AF1WT and U2AF1S34F progenitor cells showed an increase in colony forming capacity (n=1 with technical duplicates) when plated in the presence of KPT-8602 showing an average fold change in colony growth of 1.4 for U2AF1WT and 1.3 for U2AF1S34F underscoring the ability of KPT-8602 to induce differentiation. To confirm these results were not cell line artifacts, we next treated primary BM stem and progenitor cells from MDS patients (n=2) and healthy donors (n=4). MDS patient 1 (age 73y) was diagnosed with MDS-MLD-EB1 and harbored mutations in TP53, ASXL1, BCOR, TET2 and PPM1D. MDS patient 2 (age 79y) was diagnosed with MDS/MPN and harbored an SF3B1 mutation. Healthy donors (n=4) were all male and had a median age of 65y. Treatment with KPT-8602 (10nM) significantly increased burst and colony forming unit-erythroid (BFU-E/CFU-E) in MDS primary cells (p=0.02) with no significant increase in the healthy donors (p=0.57) (BFU-E/CFU-E fold increase was 1.1 for healthy donors and 3.5 for MDS). Collectively, these findings suggest that KPT-8602 promotes myeloid and erythroid differentiation and further validates the use of KPT-8602 as a therapeutic strategy for MDS. Future studies will fully elucidate the specific mechanisms by which KPT-8602 acts in the context of splicing factor mutations, and other commonly found MDS mutation types.

Disclosures: Swoboda: AbbVie: Consultancy; Astellas: Consultancy; Boston Gene: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Sellas: Consultancy; ThermoFisher: Speakers Bureau; Servier: Speakers Bureau.

*signifies non-member of ASH