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1067 Decoding the Historical TALE: COVID-19 Impact on Hematological Malignancy Patients - Insights from 2020 to 2022

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 905. Outcomes Research – Lymphoid Malignancies: Balancing Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability, and Quality of Life in Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Viral, clinical trials, Research, MDS, Lymphoid Leukemias, ALL, Hodgkin lymphoma, Acute Myeloid Malignancies, AML, Clinical Practice (Health Services and Quality), epidemiology, CLL, Lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, MPN, APL, health outcomes research, Clinical Research, LGL, B Cell lymphoma, Plasma Cell Disorders, CML, Combination therapy, T Cell lymphoma, CMML, Chronic Myeloid Malignancies, SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19, Diseases, indolent lymphoma, drug-drug interactions, Infectious Diseases, real-world evidence, aggressive lymphoma, Therapies, therapy sequence, registries, Lymphoid Malignancies, survivorship, Myeloid Malignancies
Monday, December 11, 2023: 5:30 PM

Francesco Marchesi1*, Jon Salmanton-García, PhD2*, Francesca Farina3*, Barbora Weinbergerova4*, Federico Itri5*, Julio Dávila-Valls6*, Sonia Martín-Pérez7*, Andreas Glenthoej, MD, PhD8,9, Ditte Hersby, MD10*, Maria Gomes Da Silva11*, Raquel Nunes-Rodrigues12*, Raul Cordoba, MD, PhD13, Alberto Lopez Garcia, MD13, Ziad Emarah14*, Shaimaa El-Ashwah, MD15*, Yavuz M. Bilgin, MD PhD16*, Laman Rahimli17*, Oliver Cornely18* and Livio Pagano, MD19*

1Hematology Unit, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Istituti Fisioterapici Ospitalieri (I.F.O.), Rome, ITA
2University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Ghana
3IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milano, Italy
4FN Brno, Brno, CZE
5San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital - Orbassano, Orbassano, Italy, Orbassano, ITA
6Hospital Universitario Nuestra Senora de Sonsoles, Avila, ESP
7Hospital Nuestra Senora de Sonsoles, -, ESP
8Herlev University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark
9Danish Red Blood Cell Center, Department of Hematology, Copenhagen University Hospital - Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
10Rigshospitalet, 2100, AL, DNK
11Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil, Lisbon, PRT
12Departamento De Hematologia, Instituto PortuguêS De Oncologia, Lisboa, Po, Lisbon, PRT
13Fundacion Jimenez Diaz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
14Oncology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, -, EGY
15Oncology Center, Mansoura University Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt
16Department of Internal Medicine, Adrz, Goes, Netherlands
17Uniklinik Köln, -, DEU
18Uniklinik köln, Cologne, AL, DEU
19Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy


From the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, hematological malignancy patients have been at high risk of both contracting SARS-CoV-2 and experiencing its most severe effects, leading to hospitalization and high fatality rates. While the introduction of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, specific antivirals, and monoclonal antibodies significantly lessened the impact on otherwise healthy individuals, the same cannot always be said for patients with hematological malignancies due to their compromised immune systems.


The EPICOVIDEHA registry, part of the EHA-SWG Infections in Hematology, has been actively compiling data on COVID-19 cases in patients with hematological malignancies from the pandemic's onset, spanning diverse geographic locations worldwide. This registry has facilitated the acquisition of comprehensive epidemiological data, enabling a thorough analysis of the evolving patterns in COVID-19 incidence and characteristics during the initial three years of the pandemic.


As of December 2022, the EPICOVIDEHA registry recorded 8,767 cases of COVID-19 in hematological malignancy patients from 152 centers in 41 countries. Of these cases, 42% were female. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma accounted for 31% of the cases, followed by multiple myeloma at 17%, chronic lymphocytic leukemia at 13%, and acute myeloid leukemia at 12%, showing consistent proportions over time. Chronic cardiopathy emerged as the most prevalent non-malignant underlying condition, increasing from 32% during the first semester of 2020 to 44% in the second semester of 2022. Critical infections decreased significantly from 19% at the beginning of the pandemic to 4% in the second semester of 2022 (p=0.004). Overall mortality dropped from 29% at the pandemic's onset to 4% after three years (p<0.001). Survival rates for hematological malignancy patients consistently improved with each passing semester (p<0.001). Factors associated with mortality included increased age (HR 1.037, p<0.001), two or more comorbidities (HR 1.244, p<0.001), active malignancy at COVID-19 onset (HR 1.832, p<0.001), pulmonary symptoms (HR 1.299, p=0.003), and hospitalization (HR 12.767, p<0.001), particularly in the intensive care unit (HR 33.684, p<0.001). Conversely, factors linked to increased survival were anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccination (1-2 doses: HR 0.681, p<0.001; 3+ doses: HR 0.451, p<0.001) and experiencing the COVID-19 episode in 2022 (HR 0.427, p<0.001) (Figure 1A). Initially, COVID-19 was the primary cause of mortality in 70% of the cases, decreasing to 42% by the second semester of 2022 (Figure 1B).


Our study revealed that patients with hematological malignancies face an elevated vulnerability to severe outcomes, resulting in higher hospitalization and mortality rates over time. However, there was a decline in critical infections and mortality rates during the study period. While factors associated with mortality remained consistent, vaccination and encountering COVID-19 more recently were linked to improved survival. Our findings emphasize the importance of continuous monitoring and targeted interventions to optimize outcomes for this vulnerable group during the pandemic and beyond.

Disclosures: Glenthoej: Sanofi: Research Funding; Novo Nordisk: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; bluebird bio: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Saniona: Research Funding; Agios: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Pharmacosmos: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Da Silva: Roche, Janssen Cilag, Gilead Sciences; AbbVie, Takeda: Consultancy; Astra Zeneca: Research Funding. Cordoba: European Hematology Association (EHA), Spanish Society Hematology (SEHH): Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Takeda, Abbvie, Janssen, AstraZeneca, Lilly, BeiGene, BMS, Genmab, Incyte, Gilead: Speakers Bureau; Fundacion Jimenez Diaz University Hospital: Current Employment; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Takeda, Abbvie, Janssen, AstraZeneca, Lilly, BeiGene, BMS, Genmab, Incyte, Gilead: Consultancy. Lopez Garcia: Astrazeneca: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Roche: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Beigene: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau. Pagano: Pfizer: Honoraria; Janseen: Honoraria; Gilead: Honoraria; Jazz: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Menarini: Honoraria; Moderna: Honoraria; AstraZeneca: Honoraria.

*signifies non-member of ASH