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1812 Phase 2 Trial of Single-Agent Cobimetinib for Adults with Histiocytic NeoplasmsClinically Relevant Abstract

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 634. Myeloproliferative Syndromes: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, Clinical Research
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Eli L. Diamond, MD1*, Benjamin Durham, MD, PhD2*, Ahmet Dogan, MD, PhD3, Mariko Yabe, MD, PhD4*, Kseniya Petrova-Drus, MD, PhD3*, Raajit K. Rampal, MD, PhD5, Raajit K. Rampal, MD, PhD5, Gary Ulaner6*, Mario Lacouture, MD7*, Veronica Rotemberg8*, Anne Covey2*, Lynn Brody9* and Omar Abdel-Wahab, MD10

1Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
2Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
3Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hematopathology Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
4Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
5Leukemia Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Institute, New York, NY
6Hoag Family Cancer Institute, Newport Beach, CA
7Dermatology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
8Dermatology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York
9MSKCC, New York, NY
10Molecular Pharmacology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY

Background: Histiocytic neoplasms (HN) are clonal hematopoietic disorders characterized by diverse mutations in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. BRAF inhibition is highly effective for patients with HN harboring the BRAFV600E mutation, and implementation of BRAF inhibitors transformed management of BRAFV600E-mutated Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). No standard or approved therapies existed, however, for patients with HN lacking the BRAFV600E mutation. Efficacy of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibition for HN harboring various MAPK pathway mutations has been observed in case reports and series. We present here results from 26 patients treated in a phase 2 trial of single-agent cobimetinib for adults with HN (NCT02649972). The data were submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in a supplemental new drug application for cobimetinib, and FDA approval was granted in October, 2022.

Methods: This is an open-label phase 2 trial of cobimetinib 60mg daily for patients with (1) BRAFV600-wildtype (wt) histiocytosis or (2) BRAFV600-mutant histiocytosis intolerant or without access to BRAF inhibitor therapy. Eligible patients were age 16 or older, had histologic confirmation of HN diagnosis, ECOG 0 to 3, multi-system HN or HN refractory to conventional (i.e. chemotherapeutic or immunosuppressive) therapy or single-system HN deemed unlikely to benefit from conventional therapy, and with disease measurable by positron emission tomography (PET) Response Criteria (PRC). Patients were eligible with any tumor mutation or with no identified tumor mutation. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (complete metabolic response + partial metabolic response; ORR) by PRC. Secondary endpoints included safety (CTCAE 4.0), duration of response (DoR) and progression-free survival (PFS) as determined by modified PERCIST, overall survival (OS), and response rate by RECIST. Data cut-off was March 28, 2019 for efficacy evaluation, and safety follow-up cut-off was September 28, 2019.

Results: Twenty-six patients (13 ECD, with Rosai-Dorfman disease [RDD], 4 with LCH, 2 with juvenile xanthogranuloma [JXG], 3 with mixed histiocytosis) with a median age of 50.5 were analyzed. Six patients had BRAFV600E-mutant disease, one of these with additional mutations in KRAS and NRAS. Of the remaining 20, 15 had non-BRAFV600 MAPK pathway mutations (4 KRAS [one of them with ARAF mutation as well], 6 MEK1, 1 MEK2, 1 RAF1, 1 ARAF, 2 non-V600 BRAF mutations, and 5 had no mutation identified). Twenty-six patients were evaluable for safety, 24 for PRC, 19 for RECIST. Response rates are listed in Table 1 and PRC responses are presented in Figure 1. The ORR by PRC was 83.3% (95% CI 62.62-95.26), in the PRC-evaluable population. Responses were observed across MAPK mutations, histiocytosis subtypes and tumor genotypes. By BRAFV600 status, in PRC-evaluable population, the ORR for BRAFV600E-mutant disease was 100% (95% CI 47.82-100), and for BRAFV600-wt disease was 78.9% (95% CI 54.43-93.95). Median DoR was 31.1 months (95% CI 16.8-NE) in the PRC-evaluable population. ORR by RECIST was 63.2% (95% CI 38.36-83.71), in the RECIST-evaluable population.

Three patients died on study, none related to cobimetinib. Grade 3 or 4 toxicities in >10% of patients included decreased lymphocyte count (19%), increased blood creatine phosphokinase (12%), decreased ejection fraction (12%), hypokalemia (12%), hyponatremia (12%), acute kidney injury (12%) and dyspnea (12%).

Conclusions: Cobimetinib demonstrates robust efficacy in HN irrespective of underlying MAPK pathway mutation, including BRAF-wt and BRAFV600-mutant HN. Safety of cobimetinib in this patient population was consistent with the known safety profile.

Disclosures: Diamond: Pfizer: Other: Unpaid editorial support; Day One Biotherapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Springworks: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Opna Bio: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Dogan: Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Physicians' Education Resource: Consultancy, Honoraria; EUSA Pharma: Consultancy; Loxo: Consultancy; Peer View: Honoraria; Incyte: Consultancy; Takeda: Other: Research Funding; Roche: Other: Research Funding. Yabe: Janssen: Consultancy. Rampal: Ryvu: Research Funding; Constellation: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Sumitomo: Consultancy; Morphosys/Constellation: Consultancy; Pharmaessentia: Consultancy; Kartos: Consultancy; Zentalis: Consultancy; Dainippon: Consultancy; Servier: Consultancy; Incyte: Research Funding; Zentalis: Research Funding; Stemline: Research Funding; Galecto: Consultancy; Celgene-BMS: Consultancy; CTI BioPharma Corp: Consultancy; GSK-Sierra: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy. Rampal: Karyopharm: Consultancy; Incyte: Research Funding; Zentalis: Research Funding; Pharmaessentia: Consultancy; Constellation: Research Funding; Dainippon: Consultancy; CTI BioPharma Corp: Consultancy; Kartos: Consultancy; Sumitomo: Consultancy; Ryvu: Research Funding; Servier: Consultancy; Morphosys/Constellation: Consultancy; Zentalis: Consultancy; Stemline: Research Funding; Celgene-BMS: Consultancy; Galecto: Consultancy; GSK-Sierra: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy. Ulaner: Lantheus: Consultancy, Research Funding; Raze Bio: Research Funding; GE Healthcare: Consultancy, Research Funding; Curium: Research Funding; POINT Biopharma: Consultancy. Lacouture: RBC/La Roche Posay: Consultancy; Trifecta: Consultancy; Deciphera: Consultancy; Kintara: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy; Lutris: Consultancy; Johnson and Johnson: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novocure: Consultancy; Apricity: Consultancy; Oncoderm: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy; OnQuality: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Loxo: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy. Abdel-Wahab: AbbVie, Inc.: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Loxo/Lilly: Consultancy; Nurix Therapeutics: Research Funding; Minovia Therapeutics: Research Funding; Amphista Therapeutics: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Harmonic Discovery: Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company.

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