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1188 CS585 Demonstrates Favorable Selectivity and Sustained In Vivo Action in Preventing Platelet Activation and Thrombosis Compared to Existing IP Receptor Agonists

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 301. Vasculature, Endothelium, Thrombosis and Platelets: Basic and Translational: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, Fundamental Science, Translational Research, Non-Biological therapies, drug development, Therapies, Pharmacology
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Livia Stanger1*, Pooja Yalavarthi1*, Sylviane Lambert1*, Andrew Rickenberg1*, Krista Goerger1*, Devin Gilmore1*, Bjorn Dahlof2*, Niklas Bergh3* and Michael Holinstat, PhD1

1University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
2University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, SWE
3University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Anti-platelet therapeutics are common tools in the treatment of thrombotic diseases, decreasing morbidity and mortality resulting from cardiovascular complications. However, many patients remain at risk for a cardiovascular event while others experience bleeding due to hemostatic dysregulation. The need for target specificity and lasting stability presents a major challenge in the development of novel antithrombotic therapeutics. While increasing platelet cAMP levels through activation of the prostacyclin (IP) receptor is a viable therapeutic approach, the IP receptor is currently considered a challenging target due to the non-selectivity and instability of existing IP agonists. Our lab has developed a novel IV and orally available IP receptor agonist, CS585, with selectivity towards the IP receptor and sustained in vivo protection from injury-induced thrombosis without observed bleeding. CS585 demonstrates IP receptor-dependent activity, leading to activation of protein kinase A (PKA), a key player in inhibitory signaling. While indications of current IP receptor agonists are limited to pulmonary arterial hypertension and temporary relief of peripheral artery disease, CS585 presents a new approach to selectively regulate platelet activation and thrombosis.

CS585 and other IP receptor agonists, iloprost and selexipag, were assessed by direct comparison to elucidate potential differences in selectivity and sustained action. Selectivity was determined using aggregation and VASP phosphorylation. The effects of CS585 are inhibited by pharmacological inhibition of the IP receptor, but not by inhibition of the DP1, EP2, or EP4 prostaglandin receptors. Meanwhile, the activities of iloprost and selexipag were affected by other prostaglandin inhibitors, supporting the improved selectivity toward activation of the IP receptor with CS585. Arterial thrombosis was measured and quantified in a laser-induced cremaster thrombosis assay in IP agonist-treated WT mice to assess platelet activation and thrombus formation in vivo in mouse models of thrombosis. In WT mice treated with CS585, we observed sustained effects of CS585 following both IV and oral administration. Platelets and fibrin were labeled and accumulation at the site of injury was measured using intravital microscopy. In contrast to the FDA-approved IP receptor agonists (iloprost and selexipag) which showed short-term protection from thrombosis, treatment with CS585 resulted in sustained inhibition of clot and fibrin formation at the site of injury in the same model between 24 and 48 hours post-administration. To determine if the anti-thrombotic effects of CS585 impact coagulation, coagulation parameters were assessed in whole blood using thromboelastography (TEG). Treatment with CS585 did not impact coagulation parameters in whole blood, while a significant increase in lysis was observed with iloprost.

Here, we show for the first time a head-to-head comparison of CS585, a novel IP receptor agonist, with selexipag and iloprost. Our preclinical results with CS585 indicate a favorable profile for inhibiting platelet activation and clot formation and demonstrate a sustained duration of action in mice in the ability of CS585 to inhibit platelet activation through multiple routes of administration. Importantly, CS585 does not affect coagulation parameters and previous studies demonstrated no potential for increased bleeding in mouse models. Overall, CS585 provides a new option of activating the IP receptor to decrease platelet reactivity and could represent the first viable option for targeting the IP receptor on platelets for primary inhibition of thrombosis with a reduced risk of bleeding.

Disclosures: Dahlof: Cereno Scientific: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Bergh: Cereno Scientific: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Holinstat: Veralox Therapeutics: Consultancy, Current equity holder in private company; Cereno Scientific: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH