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3611 A Parallel Comparison of the Safety and Efficacy of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Refractory and Relapsed T-ALL/Lbl Patients Who Achieved Complete Remission with CD7 CAR-T Versus Patients Who Achieved First Complete Remission with Chemotherapy before Transplantation

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 732. Allogeneic Transplantation: Disease Response and Comparative Treatment Studies: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Lymphoid Leukemias, Research, Lymphomas, Clinical Research, Diseases, Lymphoid Malignancies
Sunday, December 10, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Xingyu Cao1,2*, Jianping Zhang1,2*, Yue Lu, PhD1,2*, Yanli Zhao1,2*, Deyan Liu1,2*, Min Xiong1,2*, Ruijuan Sun1,2*, Zhijie Wei1,2*, Jiarui Zhou1,2*, Xian Zhang, MD2,3*, Junfang Yang1,2*, Hongxing Liu Sr., MD1,2,4 and Peihua Lu, MD2,3,5*

1Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital, Langfang, China
2Beijing Lu Daopei Hospital, Beijing, China
3Department of Hematology, Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital, Langfang, China
4Beijing Lu Daopei Institute of Hematology, Beijing, China
5Beijing Lu Daopei Institute of Hematology, Langfang, China


We have developed a fratricide-resistant CD7 CAR-T cells from bulk T cells transduced with CD7 CAR without gene editing or additional gene transfer, named

naturally selected CD7 CAR-T (NS7CAR-T). NS7 CAR-T therapy has shown a robust complete remission (CR) rate in patients with refractory or relapsed (R/R) T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-ALL/LBL). Nonetheless, the risk of relapse remains a challenge post-CD7 CAR-T therapy alone, suggesting the potential benefits of consolidation allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The question remains whether CD7 CAR-T therapy could increase the incidence of post-transplant complications. Here we conduct a parallel study to compare the safety and efficacy of allo-HSCT in R/R T-ALL/LBL patients who achieved CR with NS7 CAR-T therapy vs those who reached first CR (CR1) using chemotherapy prior to transplantation.


Between November 2020 and January 2023, a total of 223 consecutive patients with T-ALL/LBL who underwent allo-HSCT at our center were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who met the following criteria were included in this parallel study: 1) underwent the first allo-HSCT in our hospital, 2) achieved CR before transplantation either from NS7CAR-T therapy or CR1 from chemotherapy (Fig. 1). A total of 139 patients met the criteria for analysis and underwent allo-HSCT after achieving CR either from NS7CAR-T therapy (n=43) or chemotherapy (CR1=96). The median patient age at the time of transplantation was 15 years (range: 1-51 years). The median follow-up time was 370 days (2-941 days). CD7 CAR-T patients were from two clinical trials registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT04572308, NCT04916860. Transplant donor types included sibling identical (n=12), haploidentical (n=110), and unrelated donors (n=17). We used total body irradiation (TBI)-based conditioning regimens (n=128) or Busulfan/Melphalan-based regimens (n=11). To prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we used ATG along with a short-term regimen combining methotrexate, cyclosporine/tacrolimus, and mycophenolate mofetil.


The characteristics of patients from both groups are detailed in Table 1. The median interval between CD7 CAR-T treatment and transplantation was 59 (39-131) days. Within the CAR-T group, 16 patients had primary refractory disease, 18 had relapsed disease and 9 in minimal residual disease (MRD)-positive status in bone marrow before CD7 CAR-T therapy. Prior to CAR-T therapy, 55.8% (24 patients) had extramedullary lesions. In comparing the CAR-T and chemotherapy CR1 groups, we observed no significant differences in long-term efficacy post-allo-HSCT. The 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) rates were 64.9 (95% CI, 49.1-79.2)% and 69.8 (95% CI, 59.0-79.6)% (p=0.340); the 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 64.1 (95%CI, 48.0-78.6)% and 71.8 (95%CI, 60.5-81.9)% (p=0.107); the 2-year relapse incidence (RI) rates were 9.3 (95%CI, 3.7-23.7)% and 11.5 (95%CI, 6.4-20.7)% (p=0.873); and the 2-year non-relapsed mortality (NRM) rates were 28.3 (95% CI, 16.9-47.4)% and 21.6 (95% CI, 13.9-33.4)% (p=0.244), for the CD7 CAR-T and non-CAR-T groups, respectively. The incidence of all grades of acute GVHD (aGVHD) 37.2 (95%CI, 25.2-54.9)% vs. 42.1 (95%CI, 33.3-53.3)% did not significantly differ between the CAR-T and non-CAR-T groups. A trend toward an increased rate but no P significance was observed in Grade 3-4 aGVHD incidence of 20.93 (95%CI, 11.7-37.4)% vs. 9.5 (95%CI, 5.1-17.6)% (p=0.139). One-year incidences of moderate to severe chronic GVHD (cGVHD) were 12.2 (95%CI, 5.4-28.0)% and 18.0 (95%CI, 11.5-28.0)% (p=0.357) in the CD7CAR-T and non-CAR-T groups, respectively (Table 2). No statistically significant differences were detected in the occurrences of transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA), CMV, EBV, and HHV-6 infections between the two groups. Upon analyzing, we found that r/r patients who received allo-HSCT after achieving remission with NS7 CAR-T had a similar OS to CR1 patients (Fig. 2).


Our parallel study showed that T-ALL/LBL patients, who achieved CR via CD7 CAR-T therapy followed by a consolidation allo-HSCT, had similar favorable OS and LFS compared to patients who underwent allo-HSCT in the CR1 state induced by chemotherapy. This was achieved without increasing the incidence of GVHD, infections, or TA-TMA.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

*signifies non-member of ASH