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4423 Phase I Study of a CD19-Directed CAR-T Cell Therapy for Relapsed/Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphomas(MCL)

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 623. Mantle Cell, Follicular, and Other Indolent B Cell Lymphomas: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
clinical trials, Research, Lymphomas, B Cell lymphoma, Clinical Research, Diseases, Lymphoid Malignancies
Monday, December 11, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Ping Yang*, Shuozi Liu*, Weilong Zhang*, Jing Wang* and Hongmei Jing

Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China


IM19 is an autologous, CD19-directed, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product, which is manufactured in China using a commercial process. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IM19 in patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphomas in a Phase I clinical study.


A phase 1 clinical trial has been launched to evaluate the safety and efficacy of IM19 for the treatment of relapsed/refractory MCL. We enrolled adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with relapsed or refractory MCL who had received at least 2 prior treatment regimens(including BTK inhibitor). Patients were assigned to one of two target dose levels of IM19 as they were sequentially tested in the trial (100×10⁶ CAR+ T cells [one or two doses], 200×10⁶ CAR+ T cells [one or two doses]). Leukapheresed patients could receive bridging chemotherapy based on investigator assessment of disease burden and tumor progression risk. Lymphodepleting (LD) chemotherapy was administered over 3 days, including fludarabine (30 mg/m2 i.v. daily) and cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m2 i.v. daily), followed 2 days later by intravenous infusion of IM19 at the assigned dose. The first three subjects in each dose group will receive the second LD chemotherapy and infusion of IM19 CAR-T cells for consolidation treatment (with the same dosage as the first treatment) if the efficacy evaluation after the first infusion shows no progression and no DLT occurs. The investigators can determine the start time of consolidation treatment based on the patient's tolerance, but no later than 60 days after the first infusion. Efficacy was assessed at 1, 3, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months post first infusion. Safety events were monitored from beginning of LD through 2 years follow-up. The primary endpoints were adverse events, dose-limiting toxicities, and the objective response rate.


Between Mar 3, 2022, and May 5, 2023, Five patients underwent leukapheresis for manufacture of CAR+ T cells (IM19) and all received bridging chemotherapy during the production of IM19. ALL 5 patients received LD and first infusion of IM19 at a dose of 100*10^6 CAR+ cells and no DLTs were observed. CRS was reported only in 1 patient(grade 1) and no patients developed ICANS. ALL 5 patients achieved CR on 28 days after first infusion. The median maximum CAR-T cells expansion (Cmax) was 156×10⁶ CAR+ cells/L, and median area under the curve from 0–28 days post-first infusion (AUC0–28d) was 860 day×CAR+ cells/L.

2 patients received the second LD chemotherapy and infusion of IM19 CAR-T cells for consolidation treatment (with the same dosage as the first treatment) at 44th days post first infusion. No DLTsCRS or ICANS were observed after second infusion. Meanwhile, CAR-T cells can not be detected at 1, 4, 7, 10, 14, 21 and 28 days post second infusion by Flow cytometry in 2 patients. One patient maintained complete remission after 9 months of follow-up and another patient experience PD at 7th month after first infusion.

For three patients who received single infusion of IM19, one maintained complete remission after 6 months of follow-upone progressed at 3th month after infusion and one are still waiting for second efficacy evaluation.


Initial data from this Phase I study demonstrate that use of IM19 resulted in a high objective response rate, with a low incidence of grade 3 or worse cytokine release syndrome and neurological events in patients with relapsed or refractory MCL. We observed that CAR-T cells cannot expand in vivo after secondary infusion. Therefore, secondary infusion may not be necessary.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

*signifies non-member of ASH