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1194 Effect of Integrin α4β1 –VCAM-1 Interactions in JAK2V617F Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Pro-Thrombotic Interactions

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 301. Vasculature, Endothelium, Thrombosis and Platelets: Basic and Translational: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Bleeding and Clotting, Research, Biological therapies, Antibody Therapy, Translational Research, Diseases, Therapies, thrombotic disorders, Adverse Events
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Angelica DaSilva, BS1*, Joan D Beckman, MD, PhD2, Maya Abdullah3*, Elena Aronovich, PhD1*, Aithanh Viet Nguyen1*, Julia Nguyen1* and David Wood1*

1University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
2Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Oncology and Transplantation, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN
3University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

Introduction: The JAK2V617Fmutation, which occurs in up to 95% of polycythemia vera (PV) myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients, increases thrombosis risk 6-fold. A recent study in PV mice demonstrated that blocking JAK2V617F+ leukocyte-mediated β1/β2 integrin interactions with anti-VCAM-1 antibodies decreases thrombosis. Interestingly, hydroxyurea (HU), a common PV treatment, reduces leukocyte and red cell α4β1 integrin expression. Overall, JAK2V617F+ mouse models show inconsistent thrombosis and bleeding phenotype, hindering pre-clinical study reproducibility; therefore, we have developed an in vitro endothelialized microfluidic model to assess MPN-flow behavior. We hypothesized that in our microfluidic model, disrupting α4β1 integrin expression on JAK2V617F+ leukocytes would reduce pro-adhesive interactions. We tested this hypothesis by assessing JAK2V617F+ MPN blood flow in untreated and hydroxyurea treated subjects and through addition of a monoclonal antibody against α4β1 integrin, natalizumab.

Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were exposed to venous shear (15 dynes/cm2) in microfluidics for a 4-day culture period. On day 4, endothelialized microfluidics were treated +/- 10 ng/mL TNFα for 4 hours. Blood samples were obtained from consented JAK2V617F MPN individuals aged >18 years with ET, PV, or MF as diagnosed by the WHO 2016 Criteria identified in the M Health Fairview Masonic Cancer Center Clinics. Healthy age, race, and sex-matched blood samples served as controls. Clinical data on patients was collected and stored in REDCAP. Platelets and leukocytes were visualized using Calcein AM. Samples were treated +/- 0.25 μg/mL natalizumab for 30 minutes, then perfused through the microfluidic under a microscope to observe blood-endothelial interactions in real-time. Post-experiment, videos were analyzed to quantify velocity and adhesion of platelets and leukocytes for each treatment condition.

When perfused over TNF-α activated endothelium, both controls (JAK2 negative, n=11) and JAK2V617F MPN (n=20) had a significant reduction in cell velocity. Furthermore, compared to controls, JAK2V617F MPN individuals exhibited significantly lower cell velocities. In multi-variate analysis, reduction in cell velocity was independent of white blood cell, hemoglobin, hematocrit or platelet counts. Hydroxyurea is a standard therapy in JAK2V617F MPN and is known to reduce α4β1 expression. Therefore, we performed subgroup analysis in our JAK2V617F MPN cohort based on treatment. When perfused over TNF-α activated endothelium, individuals with JAK2V617F MPN (n=9) not on therapy (newly diagnosed) or on phlebotomy/aspirin only had a significant reduction in cell velocity. In the same conditions, HU-treated JAK2V617F MPN patients (n=9) had no change in cell velocity. There was no difference in complete blood counts between these groups. In a separate subgroup analysis, compared to untreated JAK2V617F MPN patients (n=9), interferon-treated JAK2V617F MPN patients (n=5) had a greater reduction in cell velocity. Last, we specifically targeted α4β1 integrin by adding natalizumab to either control (n=7) or untreated JAK2V617F MPN (n=3) samples. On inactivated endothelium, treatment of either control or JAK2V617F MPN blood with natalizumab did not significantly change cell velocity. On a TNF-α activated endothelium, treatment of control (n=7) and JAK2V617F MPN blood (n=3) with natalizumab led to a recovery in cell velocity.

: Our data suggests that the interaction between integrin α4β1 on JAK2V617F cell surface and VCAM-1 on activated endothelium is important for initiation of pro-thrombotic interactions. JAK2V617F MPN individuals treated with HU exhibit decreased adhesion to activated endothelium compared to control; JAK2V617F MPN individuals treated with interferon exhibit increased adhesion. In the microfluidic system, based on current findings, blockage of integrin α4β1–VCAM-1 interactions using natalizumab is a potential therapeutic strategy. Further mechanistic studies evaluating interferon and cell populations changed by therapies as they pertain to integrin α4β1 are underway.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

*signifies non-member of ASH