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1532 Chip-AML22 Master Protocol: An Open-Label Clinical Trial in Newly Diagnosed Pediatric De Novo Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Patients Including a Linked Phase II Trial with Quizartinib in FLT3-ITD/NPM1wt Patients – a Study By the NOPHO-DB-SHIP ConsortiumClinically Relevant Abstract

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 615. Acute Myeloid Leukemias: Commercially Available Therapies, Excluding Transplantation and Cellular Immunotherapies: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, Acute Myeloid Malignancies, AML, Clinical Research, Diseases, Myeloid Malignancies
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Gertjan J.L. Kaspers, MD, PhD1,2, Noa E. Wijnen1,2*, Joost B. Koedijk3,4*, Sae Ishimaru, MD, PhD2*, Renske Benedictus2*, Ellen C. Van Opstal2*, Harm Van Tinteren2*, C. Michel Zwaan, MD5,6*, Noha Biserna, MSc7*, Pamela Downs8*, Yvonne Duong9*, Yasser Mostafa Kamel9*, Jonas Abrahamsson10*, Nira Arad-Cohen11*, Nicole Bodmer, MD12*, Luis Castillo, PhD13*, Daniel Cheuk14*, Vitor Costa15*, Barbara De Moerloose16*, Jose Maria Fernandez Navarro17*, Linda Fogelstrand, MD, PhD18,19, Bianca F. Goemans, MD, PhD2, Henrik Hasle20, Olafur G. Jonsson, MD21*, Zhanna Kovalova22*, Monica C. Munthe-Kaas23*, Ulrika Norén-Nyström, MD, PhD24*, Sauli Palmu, MD, PhD25,26*, Ramune Pasauliene27*, Kadri Saks28*, Anne Maria Tierens, MD, PhD29, Dominik Turkiewicz30* and Cornelis Jan Pronk, MD, PhD30*

1Emma Children’s Hospital, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
2Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, Utrecht, Netherlands
3Princess Maxima Centre for Pediatric Oncology, Utrecht, Netherlands
4Department of Pediatric Oncology, Erasmus MC/Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, Netherlands
5Prinses Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology Research, Utrecht, Netherlands
6Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands
7Daiichi Sankyo Inc., Basking Ridge, NJ
8Daiichi Sankyo, Inc., Basking Ridge, NJ
9Daiichi Sankyo, Inc., Basking Ridge
10Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, Queen Silvias Childrens Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
11Department of Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel
12Department of Oncology, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
13Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, Montevideo, Uruguay
14Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Hong Kong Children's Hospital, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
15Department of Pediatrics, Instituto Português de Oncologia, FG-Porto, Portugal
16Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
17Department of Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain
18Department of Clinical Chemistry, Sahlgrenska University, Gothenburg, Sweden
19Department of Laboratory Medicine, Institute of Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
20Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
21Department of Pediatrics, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
22Department of Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, Children's Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia
23Department of Pediatric Oncology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
24Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden
25Department of Pediatrics, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
26Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Center for Child, Adolescent and Maternal Health Research, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland
27Center for Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, Vilnius University Children’s Hospital, Vilnius, Lithuania
28Department of Hematology Oncology, Tallinn Children´s Hospital, Tallinn, Estonia
29Laboratory Medicine Program, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
30Childhood Cancer Center, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden

Background and Significance Pediatric AML is a heterogeneous disease with current rates for event-free survival (EFS) of 50-60% and for overall survival (OS) of 70-80%, for newly diagnosed patients. In patients with refractory and relapsed disease, and in subsets as defined by AML biology and treatment response, prognosis is dismal. To further improve EFS, the NOPHO-DB-SHIP consortium has initiated trial CHIP-AML22. Building on the successes achieved by the recent trial from this consortium (NOPHO-DBH AML-2012, preliminary data as per June 2023, n=878: 5-years pEFS 63%, 5-years pOS 78%), CHIP-AML22 will incorporate innovative elements, mainly the FLT3-inhibitor quizartinib (Vanflyta®) that was recently approved by the FDA and PMDA in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of newly diagnosed adult AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutations, and gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO, Mylotarg®) that improved outcome in adult and pediatric AML when added to chemotherapy. CHIP-AML22 will maintain the approach of treatment-response driven risk-adapted treatment, intensified induction treatment for patients with ≥5% AML cells in the bone marrow (BM) after course 1, and consolidation with allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) for high-risk patients after the first consolidation course HAM.

Study Design and Methods This clinical trial will enroll newly diagnosed de novo patients aged ≥1 day to ≤18 years to 2 randomized studies in the Master protocol, to the linked quizartinib trial, or the standard arm of the Master (Figure 1). Innovations include: (1) a phase II, single arm, open-label study on the safety, efficacy, pharmaco-kinetics and -dynamics of quizartinib in combination with chemotherapy, and as single-agent after allo-SCT, in FLT3-ITD/NPM1wt AML; All patients will receive quizartinib monotherapy for 6 months post-SCT, except those that were negative for measurable residual disease determined with multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC-MRD) in BM1 and remained negative (study CHIP-AML22/Quizartinib); (2) a phase III, open-label randomization with gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO; Mylotarg®) added to induction therapy MEC for pediatric CD33-positive newly diagnosed AML patients aimed at improved outcome (study Ri), (3) a phase III, open-label randomization with three (standard of care) versus two (investigational) courses of consolidation chemotherapy for standard-risk patients as non-inferiority trial (study Rc), and (4) refining risk-group adapted treatment, aimed at improved outcome. Novel high-risk categories are patients with RAM-phenotype and/or CBFA2T3::GLIS2, and patients with KMT2A-rearranged AML (excluding KMT2A::MLLT3) with ≥0.1% AML cells after course 1 in BM1. Patients with ≥15% AML cells on day 22 BM after course 1, or ≥0.1-5% AML cells by MFC-MRD after course 2 in BM2 (end-of-induction), or those with FLT3-ITD/NPM1wt remain to be high-risk, similar to AML-2012. Further, dexrazoxane is recommended to all patients before receiving daunorubicin or mitoxantrone, aiming to prevent late-onset cardiotoxicity.

The quizartinib trial includes a safety run-in with a modified rolling-6 design and two dose levels with 6 evaluable patients per dose level. In study Ri, patients assigned to the experimental GO-arm will receive GO twice during induction with MEC at a dose of 3 mg/m2 (max 5 mg) with an interim-analysis for superiority of any of these two arms. The investigational arm of the Rc randomization will omit HA3E. Both the quizartinib trial and each randomization will also be compared to historical controls from the AML-2012 trial.

CHIP-AML22 expects to enroll 130-140 patients per year and it will take 7-8 years to reach the total number of 905 patients needed to answer all study questions. Patients will be followed-up for at least 5 years from diagnosis and thus, the total study duration is expected to be 12-13 years.

The Master protocol (EU CT: 2023-504999-25) and linked quizartinib trial (EU CT: 2023-505000-27-00) were approved by the Dutch Ethical Review Authority and as of July 2023, enrollment in the Master protocol including study Rc has started in The Netherlands. Study Ri and the linked quizartinib trial are expected to open in Q4 2023. At least 15 other countries with nearly 60 sites will participate in CHIP-AML22: Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hong Kong, Iceland, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Uruguay.

Disclosures: Zwaan: Abbvie: Research Funding; Sanofi: Other: Advisory role; BMS: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy; Syndax: Research Funding; Abbvie: Research Funding; Kura Oncology: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy, Other: Advisory role; Incyte: Consultancy; Takeda: Research Funding; Pfizer: Consultancy, Research Funding; Jazz Pharmaceutical: Research Funding; ITCC Hem Malignancies Committee: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Biserna: Daiichi Sankyo: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Daiichi Sankyo Inc.: Current Employment; BMS: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Kamel: Daiichi Sankyo Inc.: Consultancy, Other. Tierens: BD Biosciences: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau.

OffLabel Disclosure:

*signifies non-member of ASH