-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
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3692 Cross-Community Collaboration and Data Collection to Optimize Patient Care in Hemolytic Anemias

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 901. Health Services and Quality Improvement - Non-Malignant Conditions: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Sickle Cell Disease, Genetic Disorders, Thalassemia, Hemoglobinopathies, Diseases
Sunday, December 10, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Biree Andemariam, MD1, Ninamaria Badalamenti2*, Rae Blaylark3*, Ralph Colasanti4*, Raffaella Colombatti, MD, PhD5*, Rachael F. Grace, MD6, Charles R. Jonassaint, PhD, MHS7, Kevin H.M. Kuo, MD, FRCPC, MSc8, Laurice M Levine9*, Clarisse Lobo, MD, PhD10, Tamara Schyrver11*, Sujit Sheth, MD12, Cassandra Trimnell, BA13*, Alejandra Watson14*, Jill Welle15*, Teonna Woolford16*, Holly John17*, Janie Davis17*, Ahmar U Zaidi, MD18*, Eva Gallagher, PhD17*, Sarah Gheuens, MD, PhD18* and Nirmish Shah, MD19

1University of Connecticut Health, Farmington, CT
2Independent Contributor, Indianapolis, IN
3Sickle Cell Foundation of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
4The Cooley’s Anemia Foundation, New York, NY
5Department of Woman's and Child's Health, Pediatric Hematology Oncology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
6Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA
7University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA
8Division of Hematology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
9Independent Contributor, Petaluma, CA
10HEMORIO, Instituto De Hematologia Arthur Siqueira Cavalcanti, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
11Thrive with Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency Organization, Minneapolis, MN
12Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY
13Sickle Cell 101, San Francisco, CA
14Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency Foundation, Walled Lake, MI
15Independent Contributor, Savage, MN
16Sickle Cell Reproductive Health Education Directive, Owings Mills, MD
17Agios Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, MA
18Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, MA
19Division of Hematology–Duke Sickle Cell Comprehensive Care Unit, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC

Background: Patient engagement is becoming increasingly important for all facets of healthcare, from drug development and approval, to ensuring equitable access and the delivery of care. It is imperative to bring the voice of those impacted by the actual disease into these processes: this is particularly true for rare diseases, such as hereditary hemolytic anemias (HHAs), where the disease burden is often high and coupled with a poor quality of life and complex treatment requirements. The Red Cell Revolution™ (RCR) advisory council arose organically as part of an Agios Pharmaceuticals-sponsored discovery process, during which a range of stakeholders including healthcare providers (HCPs), advocates, patients, and company leaders offered perspectives on how to optimize engagement with the disease communities. Insights uncovered as part of this process demonstrated that there are unifying health concerns and needs among those impacted by pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency, sickle cell disease (SCD), and thalassemia, and that there is an opportunity to explore new patient-advocacy research, supported by the creation of a unique multi-stakeholder council.

Objective: To apply a multi-stakeholder, rigorous patient-advocacy data collection approach to understand the unmet needs of patients, caregivers, and HCPs for three HHAs: PK deficiency, SCD, and thalassemia.

Methods: The RCR (supported by Agios Pharmaceuticals) was established across three allied disease areas, with representation from patients (N=5), caregivers (N=1), advocates (N=3), clinicians (N=8), and Agios representatives (N=5) impacted by HHA. The patient advocacy research method commenced with a survey shared with all RCR members, which curated both qualitative and quantitative insights from the group. These insights subsequently underwent cluster analysis to determine the shared concerns experienced by those impacted by HHA. The data were also subjected to linguistic analysis whereby terminology used to describe the experiences of participants was ranked according to frequency of use to reveal the most prominent concerns. The results of these analyses were distilled into an agreed group vision by the RCR, and a specific research strategy was aligned on for the RCR to pursue.

Results: RCR members provided detailed answers about unmet needs across three categories: 1) impact of disease; 2) local and regional community needs; and 3) international community needs. When applied, the analysis uncovered 12 common concerns expressed by all participants across the three disease areas. These are outlined in Table 1.

These insights were distilled into four key topic areas: 1) emotional and physical fatigue, 2) timely care, 3) transition from pediatric to adult care, and 4) access disparities, which were then ranked according to four parameters, namely whether it was: 1) common across all three disease areas, 2) global in scope, 3) high potential for lasting impact, and 4) revolutionary (involving or causing a complete or dramatic change). This produced alignment on one key priority: emotional and physical fatigue.

Conclusion: The commonality analysis deployed here demonstrates the ability of a multi-stakeholder council to determine priority areas for research to address unmet needs. The RCR will conduct an in-depth evidence audit of the existing research in this field to identify key knowledge gaps, enabling the design of a study that will answer outstanding research questions. This study will generate patient experience data with the potential to inform both the clinical setting and drug development.

As a next step, the RCR is developing a patient advocacy research study to collect the necessary evidence to better understand fatigue and its impact on psychosocial quality of life measures, such as feelings of guilt.

Disclosures: Andemariam: Bluebird: Consultancy; Emmaus: Consultancy; Global Blood Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Accordant: Consultancy; Sanofi Genzyme: Consultancy; Pfizer: Research Funding; Hemanext: Consultancy, Research Funding; HRSA: Research Funding; NovoNordisk: Consultancy; PCORI: Research Funding; American Society of Hematology: Research Funding; Agios: Consultancy; Forma Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; Connecticut Department of Public Health: Research Funding; GSK: Consultancy; Afimmune: Consultancy; Vertex: Consultancy. Badalamenti: Agios: Consultancy, Research Funding. Blaylark: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria. Colasanti: Agios: Consultancy, Honoraria. Colombatti: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria. Grace: Agios: Consultancy, Research Funding; Sobi: Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy; Novartis: Research Funding. Jonassaint: Agios: Consultancy, Honoraria; Expressive Painimation: Current Employment, Current equity holder in private company. Kuo: Vertex Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; Bioverativ/Sanofi/Sangamo: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novo/Nordisk: Consultancy, Honoraria; Forma Therapeutics: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria; Alexion Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding. Levine: Agios: Consultancy, Honoraria; bluebird bio: Consultancy, Honoraria; Vertex Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria; Edits Medicine: Consultancy, Honoraria. Lobo: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria. Schyrver: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria. Sheth: Agios: Consultancy, Other: Travel support, Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb/ Celegene: Consultancy, Other: Travel support, Research Funding; Chiesi: Consultancy; CRISPR: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Vertex Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Fulcrum: Consultancy; Bluebird bio: Consultancy, Other: Travel support. Trimnell: Bluebird bio: Honoraria; Novartis: Consultancy; Vertex: Honoraria; Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Novo Nordisk: Consultancy; Graphite Bio: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria. Watson: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria. Welle: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria. Woolford: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria. John: Agios: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Davis: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Zaidi: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Gallagher: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Gheuens: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Shah: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Global Blood Therapeutics/Pfizer: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Bluebird bio: Consultancy; Alexion Pharmaceuticals: Speakers Bureau; Forma: Consultancy; Vertex: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH