-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
-Asterisk * with author name denotes a Non-ASH member
Clinically Relevant Abstract denotes an abstract that is clinically relevant.

PhD Trainee denotes that this is a recommended PHD Trainee Session.

Ticketed Session denotes that this is a ticketed session.

1832 Conventional Cytogenetic Analysis and Array CGH+SNP Identify Essential Thrombocythemia (ET)/Prefibrotic Primary Myelofibrosis (pre-PMF) Patients Who Are at Risk for Disease Progression

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 634. Myeloproliferative Syndromes: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, MPN, Clinical Research, genomics, Chronic Myeloid Malignancies, patient-reported outcomes, Diseases, Myeloid Malignancies, Biological Processes
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Joseph Tripodi, PhD1, Ronald Hoffman, MD2, Douglas Tremblay, MD3, John Mascarenhas, MD4*, Marina Kremyanskaya, MD, PhD5, Ian Novoselac6* and Vesna Najfeld, PhD4,7

1Department of Pathology, Molecular and Cell-Based Medicine, The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Old Tappan, NJ
2Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
3Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY
4Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
5Division of Hematology & Medical Oncology, Tisch Cancer Institute/ Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
6The Department of Pathology, Molecular and Cell-Based Medicine, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY
7Department of Pathology, Molecular and Cell Based Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY

ET and pre-PMF are myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) that are each characterized by thrombocytosis but are difficult to distinguish by clinical and histopathological criteria. Moreover, each has the propensity to progress at variable rates to more advanced forms of the disease. The cause of progression to more overt forms of myelofibrosis (MF) or accelerated /blast phase (AP/BP) has yet to be fully understood, making prognostication difficult. To identify patients (pts) who are at risk for disease progression, we retrospectively reviewed the karyotypes from conventional cytogenetics (CC) and array Comparative Genomic Hybridization + Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (aCGH+SNP) of 158 pts with a diagnosis of ET or pre-PMF from 2017 to 2022 at our institution.

Among these pts, 58% were female (92 pts) and 42% were male (66 pts), and the median age was 61 years (range 13-92). Mutational analysis was performed in 155 pts, and JAK2 mutations were present in 63% of cases, CALR in 19%, and MPL in 7% of cases. The remaining 11% of pts were triple negative. An abnormal karyotype was observed in 15% (24/158), and the remaining 85% (134/158) were either normal or had non-diagnostic results due to failed or limited peripheral blood chromosome analysis. Of the 111 pts that had aCGH+SNP testing, 6% (7/111) had prior abnormalities as detected by conventional cytogenetic analyses, while abnormalities were found in 30% (33/111) with aCGH+SNP exclusively.

In this cohort, 29% (46/158) of pts underwent disease progression. Among these cases, 65% (30/46) had progression to either MF or chronic myeloid leukemia or myelodysplasia, and 22% (10/46) progressed to AP/BP. In addition, 13% (6/46) evolved to polycythemia vera. Disease progression, irrespective of its form, was associated with genomic alterations detected by aCGH+SNP, cytogenetic analysis, or both at the time of first encounter. Of the 46 pts undergoing progression during their clinical course, 65% (30/46) had an abnormal genomic finding by either technology compared to 35% (16/46) who were normal (p<0.001). Strikingly, among 24 pts who were abnormal by classical cytogenetics, 79% (19/24) progressed to either AP/BP or MF compared to only 20% (26/125) who were cytogenetically normal (p<0.001). As shown in Figure 1, there was a shorter progression-free survival among pts who were cytogenetically abnormal as compared to normal pts (p<0.001).

Among 134 pts with ET/pre-PMF who were normal or had non-diagnostic results by classical cytogenetic studies, aCGH+SNP testing was performed in 104 cases and additional genomic aberrations were detected in 32% (33/104). Within this group, 30% (10/33) progressed to MF with a trend towards a shorter progression-free survival. In those patients that progressed to MF, the most frequent abnormality was 9p CNLOH occurring in 6 pts. In the remaining 71 pts that were cytogenetically and aCGH+SNP normal, only 11% (8/71) had disease progression.

Overall, the combination of both conventional cytogenetics and aCGH+SNP increased the sensitivity of detecting genomic abnormalities from 15% (cytogenetics alone) to 37% when incorporating aCGH+SNP. These data indicate that genomic alterations detected by conventional cytogenetic analyses or CGH+SNP array identify a subset of ET/pre-PMF pts that are at a higher risk of disease progression.

Disclosures: Hoffman: Kartos Abbvie: Research Funding; Summitomo: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Research Funding; Dompe: Patents & Royalties; Dexcel Pharma: Research Funding; TD2: Research Funding; Curis: Research Funding; Silence Therapeutics: Consultancy; Cellinkos: Consultancy; Protagonist Therapeutics: Consultancy. Tremblay: AbbVie: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Sierra Oncology: Consultancy; GSK: Consultancy; Cogent Biosciences: Consultancy; CTI Biopharma: Consultancy, Research Funding; Astellas Pharma: Research Funding; Gilead: Research Funding. Mascarenhas: Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, CTI BioPharma, Geron, Incyte Corporation, Janssen, Kartos Therapeutics, Merck, Novartis, PharmaEssentia, Roche; Participated in consulting or advisory committees – AbbVie, Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, Constellation Pharmac: Research Funding; Incyte, Novartis, Roche, Geron, GSK, Celgene/BMS, Kartos, AbbVie, Karyopharm, PharmaEssentia, Galecto, Imago, Sierra Oncology, Pfizer, MorphoSys, CTI Bio: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, Constellation Pharmaceuticals/MorphoSys, CTI BioPharma, Galecto, Geron, GSK, Incyte Corporation, Karyopharm Therapeutics, Novartis, PharmaEssentia, Prelude Therapeutics, Pfizer, Merck, Roche, AbbVie, Kartos: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie, Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, CTI BioPharma, Geron, Incyte Corporation, Novartis, Janssen, Kartos Therapeutics, Merck, PharmaEssentia, Roche: Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria; AbbVie, CTI BioPharma Corp, a Sobi company, Geron, GlaxoSmithKline, Imago, Incyte, Kartos, Kayropharm, MorphoSys, Novartis, Pfizer, PharmaEssentia, Sierra: Consultancy. Kremyanskaya: Protagonist Therapeutics, Inc.: Consultancy, Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH