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2781 Hijacking of the Fibrinolytic System By B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia and Its Therapeutic Targeting

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 603. Lymphoid Oncogenesis: Basic: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, Fundamental Science, Bleeding and Clotting, Lymphoid Leukemias, ALL, Translational Research, Combination therapy, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies
Sunday, December 10, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Valentina Minciacchi1*, Christina Karantanou2*, Costanza Zanetti1*, Rahul Kumar, PhD3*, Theresa Krack1*, Nathalie Thomasberger1*, Pablo Llavona1*, Sylvia Hartmann4*, Veronique Maguer-Satta5*, Sylvain Lefort6*, Mateusz Putyrski7*, Andreas Ernst7*, Eshwar Meduri8*, Brian Huntly, PhD9*, Wolfram Ruf, MD10 and Daniela S. Krause, MD11

1Georg-Speyer-Haus, Frankfurt Am Main, DEU
2Georg-speyer-Haus, Frankfurt, DEU
3Georg-Speyer-Haus, Frankfurt, Hessen, DEU
4Klinikum Der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
5CRCL, Lyon, FRA
6CRCL, Lyon, France
7Fraunhofer Institute For Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME, Project Grou, Frankfurt Am Main, DEU
8University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
9Jeffrey Cheah Biomedical Centre, Cambridge, GBR
10University, Mainz, DEU
11Brigham, Inc., Frankfurt Am Main, Germany

The fibrinolytic system plays a role in the mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells from their bone marrow microenvironment (BMM), but its function in leukemias is not well understood. The fibrinolytic system consists of the proenzyme plasminogen and its active form, plasmin, a serine protease. The activation of plasmin is tightly regulated by activators such as tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and various inhibitors. A role of this plasminogen activation system in the microenvironment of solid tumors is being unravelled, but a function of this pathway in the BMM, where hematological cancers usually originate, has so far been elusive.

Transcriptome analysis of mesenchymal cells in the BMM of mice with different leukemias had revealed annexin A2 (Anxa2), an initiator of fibrinolysis, to be differentially expressed. Using an ANXA2-deficient BMM as a model for impaired fibrinolysis, we showed that ANXA2 promotes the activation of plasmin, leading to decreased levels of the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein fibronectin in the BMM and accelerating the progression of BCR-ABL1+ B-cell acute lymphoblastic (B-ALL), but not MLL-AF9+ acute myeloid leukemia. Consistently, induction of B-ALL in tPA-deficient mice led to fibronectin accumulation in the BMM and significant survival prolongation.

The dense ECM in an ANXA2-deficient BMM is shown to entrap insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and to specifically reduce mTORC2-dependent signalling and proliferation in B-ALL cells. Conversely, B-ALL cell-derived interleukin (IL)-6 conditions hepatic generation of plasminogen, the precursor of plasmin, perpetuating this circuit. Treatment with -aminocaproic acid (EACA), an anti-hemorrhagic drug, which inhibits plasmin activation, reduces tumor burden and prolongs survival in syngeneic and xenogeneic murine models via increased fibronectin in the BMM. Human data confirm that IGF1 and fibronectin staining in trephine biopsies are correlated and that the mTORC2 pathway is distinctly activated in B-ALL. Higher expression of SERPINF2 (α2-antiplasmin), an inhibitor of plasmin, in human B-ALL cells leads to superior outcome. In summary, B-ALL-derived IL-6 impacts hepatic generation of fibrinolytic agents influencing B-ALL progression via ECM remodeling and regulation of the availability of B-ALL-supportive growth factors. Inhibition of plasmin-mediated degradation of the ECM by EACA may be beneficial as adjunct therapy in B-ALL.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

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