Session: 602. Disordered Gene Expression in Hematologic Malignancy, including Disordered Epigenetic Regulation: Altered Transcription Factor Regulation
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
AML, HSCs, Diseases, cell regulation, cellular interactions, Biological Processes, Technology and Procedures, epigenetics, Myeloid Malignancies, hematopoiesis, flow cytometry, molecular interactions, pathogenesis, pathways
Results: Using the TCGA dataset and our PMCC patient cohort, we identified miR-130a to be upregulated in t(8,21) AML and high miR-130a expression was associated with worse patient overall survival. To interrogate the functional significance of elevated miR-130a in t(8,21) AML, we performed knock-down (KD) experiments in the Kasumi-1 cell line, which represents a well characterized model system for t(8,21) AML. Notably, KD of miR-130a induced a significant reduction in the CD34+ cell population and an increase in differentiated CD11b+CD15+ and pro-apoptotic annexin V+ cells. We next examined the impact of miR-130a KD in CD34+ blasts from primary t(8,21) AML patient samples. In line with our findings in the Kasumi-1 cells, miR-130a KD decreased the proportion of CD34+ cells and increased the proportion of differentiated CD11b+CD15+ blasts. To investigate the effect of miR-130a KD on leukemic engraftment in vivo, we transduced CD34+ blasts from 2 patient samples and transplanted them into NSG-GF mice. miR-130a KD decreased leukemic engraftment and the proportion of transduced cells, corroborating the functional significance of high miR-130a expression in t(8,21) AML. To investigate the mechanistic action of miR-130a, we performed label-free semi-quantitative proteomics in human CB derived HSPC to uncover miR-130a targets. Surprisingly, we found the beta subunit of RUNX1, CBFb, and Transducin Beta Like 1 X-Linked Receptor 1, TBL1XR1, to be among the most repressed targets. TBL1XR1 is a component of the nuclear receptor corepressor (NCoR) complex and is involved in NCoR degradation. Thus, we performed western and immunoprecipitations (IP) assays in Flag-AE Kasumi-1 cells following miR-130a KD to examine changes in the expression of proteins associated with the AE complex. We observed increased expression of CBFβ, TBL1XR1 and CEBPA with miR-130a KD. Notably, miR-130a KD resulted in a dramatic decrease of NCoR protein levels. IP of Flag-AE showed decreased association of CBFβ and NCoR with AE, despite unaltered protein levels of AE. To investigate changes in binding occupancy of Flag-AE after miR-130a KD, we performed Cleavage Under the Targets and Release Using Nuclease (CUT&RUN) assay. Surprisingly, we observed 2-fold gain of AE sites in miR-130a KD sample compared to control. De novo motif enrichment analysis showed loss of motives for ETS and HOX transcription factors known to associate with AE following miR-130a KD. Genomic distribution of the peaks revealed a dramatic shift of AE peaks away from the promoter region to introns in miR-130a KD. Pathway enrichment analysis of the unique peaks gained in miR-130a KD showed stress responses and organelle disassembly, in line with the differentiation phenotype observed with miR-130a KD. Collectively, we uncovered a novel mechanism by which miR-130a reinforces the aberrant AE molecular program by controlling the composition and binding of the AE complex.
Disclosures: Dick: Bristol-Myers Squibb/Celgene: Research Funding.
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