Session: 653. Myeloma/Amyloidosis: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adult, Non-Biological, Diseases, Therapies, chemotherapy, Adverse Events, Study Population, Clinically relevant
Sixty two patients were eligible for inclusion, of whom 58.1% were male, 46% were ISS 3 staging and 32.3% had a high cytogenetic risk (HR), defined as one or more of the following: t(4;14), t(14;16) , del(17p), t(14;20), 1q gain. Median age was 72 years (IQR 62-76 years). Median time from diagnosis was 5.6 years.
Median number of prior therapies was 4 (range 1-7); 98.4% of patients were PI-exposed, all patients received a prior IMiD. 46.8% of patients were PI-refractory, 82.3% were IMiD-refractory, and 43.5% were double refractory.
Patients received a median of 4 cycles (IQR 2-8). Eighteen patients (29%) completed ≥8 cycles. Twenty patients (32.3%) initiated PanBorDex at full dosing, and the remainder at a reduced dose or frequency or both of Pan and/or Bor. The overall response rate in the total cohort was 45%; VGPR, PR and PD rates were 14.5%, 30.6%, and 30.6%, respectively.
At a median follow up of 35.9 months, median PFS for the total cohort was 5.1 months (95% CI 2.0-8.1months) (Figure A). Median OS was 9.5 months (95% CI 5.5-13.4months) (Figure B). Median PFS according to depth of response was 6.6 months and 17.7 months for PR and ≥VGPR, respectively (Figure C). PFS was significantly shorter in double refractory compared to non-PI and non-IMiD-refractory patients (2.1 vs 11.4 months, p=0.001) (Figure D). Patients who were either PI-refractory or IMiD- refractory only had a median PFS of 7.2 months. HR cytogenetics subgroup demonstrated a very short median PFS of 2.2 months (Figure E).
Most commonly observed grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) were thrombocytopenia (45.1%) and diarrhoea (17.7%). Other any grade AEs included infections (32%), fatigue (21%) and peripheral neuropathy (21%). 25 patients had a baseline ECGs then repeat ECGs during therapy; 2 patients had QTcF prolongations (>60 msec) from baseline, and both had pre-existing heart failure.
AEs led to discontinuation of either Pan or Bor or both in 11.3%, 1.6% and 17.7% of patients respectively. Dose reductions (at least one) of Bor or Pan or both were introduced in 8%, 16.1% and 22.6% of patients respectively. The mean relative dose intensity for Bor and Pan were 67.5% and 64.2%, respectively.
Our cohort is characterised by more heavily pre-treated and refractory myeloma patients compared to participants of PANORAMA-1 trial. Median PFS is consistent with 5.4 months reported in PANORAMA-2 study investigating this combination is Bor-refractory patients. These results are consistent with outcomes observed with pomalidomide and dexamethasone, and with daratumumab monotherapy when used in similar heavily pre-treated cohort. Lower rates of grade 3/4 AEs in this cohort can be explained by dose attenuation compared to the trial cohort.
Disclosures: Maouche: Janssen: Other: conference fees; Abbvie: Other: conference fees; Takeda UK: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Grant, conference feed, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Speakers Bureau. Kishore: Celgene: Other. Collings: Takeda: Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Speakers Bureau. Vallance: Jazz Pharmceuticals: Other. Ramasamy: Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Honoraria; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau.
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