Session: 602. Disordered Gene Expression in Hematologic Malignancy, including Disordered Epigenetic Regulation: Aberrant Nuclear Architecture and Chromatin Remodeling
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Leukemia, ALL, Diseases, Biological Processes, epigenetics, Lymphoid Malignancies
Aims: To determine the role of NSD2 mutation in the pathogenesis of lymphocytic malignancies and GC resistance in a mouse model.
Methods: We generated a conditional NSD2-E1099K knock-in mouse model in which the NSD2-E1099K allele was placed in the Rosa26 locus and expressed in B cells under the control of Cd19-Cre (Cd19+/-NSD2E1099K/WT). The resulting phenotype was characterized through peripheral blood counts, cellular morphology and histology of blood smears, bone marrow (BM), spleen and liver, flow cytometric analysis, germinal center B cells (GCB) immunization, BM transplantation, and hematopoiesis analysis in a CD3-/- background. We further established mouse leukemia cell lines with NSD2 mutation for functional analysis. RNA-Seq, real time PCR, immunoblotting, and apoptosis analysis (Annexin V/PI staining) following GC treatment were performed to demonstrate the effects of NSD2 mutation on histone modifications, transcriptome and GC resistance.
Results: The NSD2-E1099K mutation increased H3K36me2 and decreased H3K27me3 in isolated B cells from mouse BM and spleen. Mice were aged and did not develop signs of malignancy and RNA-sequencing showed few differences between B cells with or without the NSD2 mutation. However, after immunizing the mice with sheep red blood cells (SRBC), more GCBs were seen in the spleen of NSD2 mutant mice, suggesting mutant NSD2 stimulated germinal center hyperplasia. Transplantation of BM cells from mice expressing NSD2-E1099K into lethally irradiated recipients lead to an expansion of B cells while myeloid and T cells and life span of the recipients impaired. The NSD2 knock-in mouse model was crossed with Cd3-/- mice to create Cd19+/-Cd3-/-NSD2E1099K/WT mice, which within 2 months of birth developed a disease resembling an immature B lymphocytic leukemia (B220+CD19+IgM+IgD-CD5-) with infiltration of the spleen, liver and CNS and a median survival of 4.8 months. These tumors could be transplanted into immunodeficient mice but not immunocompetent mice. RNA seq analysis of these cells revealed 6,815 genes (3,295 upregulated and 3,520 downregulated) differentially expressed in NSD2 mutant B cells compared to normal B cells. The upregulated genes were related to abnormal immunoglobulin level , B cell activation, T-helper 1 physiology, and decreased B cell apoptosis. Importantly, the NSD2 mutant leukemic cells displayed depressed level of NR3C1 gene expression and GC resistance.
Conclusions: The NSD2 mutation alters B cell development, particularly in an immunodeficient background and causes B cells to become resistant to glucocorticoids. The inability of the mutation to generate disease on its own except in an immunodeficient background suggests genes that collaborate with NSD2 in ALL may play a role in immune escape.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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