Session: 322. Disorders of Coagulation or Fibrinolysis: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Bleeding Disorders, Diseases, Bleeding and Clotting, Non-Biological, Therapies, Genetic Disorders, coagulant drugs
Methods: Both FORMA-02 and FORMA-04 were multinational, multicenter, prospective, open-label, uncontrolled Phase 3 studies for the use of HFC in adult and pediatric patients with CFD. They reported the hemostatic efficacy and safety of human fibrinogen concentrate (HFC: Fibryga® Octapharma) for on-demand treatment of BEs and surgical prophylaxis using objective criteria. Efficacy was assessed by the trial investigators and adjudicated by an independent data monitoring and end-point adjudication committee (IDMEAC). All adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs were recorded.
Results: The two studies included a total of 39 patients who received HFC. The median (range) age across both studies was 17 (1–54) years, with 14 pediatric (aged 0-11), 6 adolescent (aged 12-18) and 19 adult patients (aged >18).
Treatment of Bleeding Events
32 patients received HFC for the treatment of 99 bleeding events (BEs), 97 minor and 4 major. Of these, 72 were spontaneous, and 27 were due to trauma. 10 BEs occurred in pediatric patients (8 minor, 2 major), and 89 in adult/adolescents (87 minor, 2 major). The mean (±SD) total dose per BE was 65.51 mg/kg (±26.47) for adult/adolescent patients (ages 12-54) and 93.78 (±64.60) for pediatric patients (ages 0-11). Investigator-assessed and IDMEAC rated hemostatic efficacy are shown in Table 1. Overall hemostatic efficacy was rated as success (rating of excellent or good) for 99.0% of BEs by the IDMEAC. Treatment efficacy results were comparable when analyzed by age subgroup of adult (≥18 years), adolescent (>12-<18 years) and in two groups of pediatric patients (<6 years and 6-12 years).
A total of 12 patients received HFC across 15 surgeries (13 minor and 2 major), 3 in pediatric patients (major: splenectomy; minor: circumcision and pulpectomy), and 12 in adults/adolescents (major: eye enucleation with socket reconstruction; minor: knee radioisotope synovectomy [n=2], dental extraction [n=3], circumcision [n=2], excision of circumcision scar bud, root canal operation, skin biopsy, and debridement of superficial necrosis). Mean (±SD) loading dose administered prior to surgery was 77.39 (±20.22) in adult/adolescent patients and 78.50 mg/kg (±27.96) for pediatric patients. Seven surgeries required multiple infusions, with the two major surgeries requiring 5 and 7 maintenance infusions, and the five minor surgeries requiring median (range) 3 (1–4) maintenance infusions. Intra- and post-operative hemostatic efficacy for all surgeries is shown in Table 1. Overall hemostatic efficacy of all the procedures was rated 100% successful by both the investigator and IDMEAC assessment.
A total of 101 AEs occurred in 23 patients (59.0%), including 16 serious AEs in 6 patients. Of these, 5 AEs in 4 patients were considered to be possibly related to treatment. These included a mild skin reaction (itchiness and redness), ischemia due to digital microthrombi, peripheral phlebitis of the upper limbs, and a portal vein thrombosis following splenectomy. No allergic/hypersensitivity reactions or deaths were observed during either of the studies.
Conclusions: HFC treatment was shown to be efficacious for on-demand treatment of BEs and perioperative prophylaxis in this rare CFD population, across two Phase 3 clinical trials. Efficacy was comparable for adult, adolescent and pediatric patients. A favorable safety profile was seen for the treatment of patients with congenital afibrinogenemia with HFC.
Disclosures: Khayat: Octapharma: Research Funding. Kruzhkova: Octapharma: Current Employment. Solomon: Octapharma: Current Employment. Schwartz: Octapharma: Current Employment. Peyvandi: Octapharma: Research Funding.
OffLabel Disclosure: On label use: Fibryga for treatment of bleeding episodes Off label use: Use of Fibryga as surgical prophylaxis in the US
See more of: Oral and Poster Abstracts