Session: 621. Lymphoma—Genetic/Epigenetic Biology: Clinical implications of biological insights in lymphoma
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Diseases, Therapies, DLBCL, B-Cell Lymphoma, Lymphoid Malignancies
Material and methods: We performed integrative genomic analysis of whole-transcriptome RNAseq, targeted genomic sequencing, and high-resolution copy number analysis in 347 de novo DLBCL tumors from patients uniformly treated with R-CHOP. Findings were correlated with pathological and clinical parameters, as well as TME composition. Using DLBCL-derived cell lines (7 EZH2 mutated and 5 wt) and CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing, we performed in vitro functional studies to characterize cell-intrinsic effects of PRAME knockout. Moreover, we studied EZH2 inhibition in a murine model of Ezh2 mutant lymphoma with a focus on mechanistic links between EZH2 activity and PRAME expression, as well as TME composition (cell-extrinsic effects).
Results: We discovered recurrent, and highly focal deletions of 22q11.22 including the PRAME gene, which were associated with poor treatment outcome, independent of pathological and clinical risk factors. To explore PRAME-deletion-associated phenotypes and interaction with the tumor microenvironment (TME), we analyzed corresponding RNAseq, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and flow-cytometry data from our DLBCL cohort and utilized enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assays using patient-derived peripheral blood mononuclear cells. PRAME deletions contributed to an immunologically “cold” TME, representing a somatically acquired mechanism to evade anti-tumor T-cell response (cell-extrinsic effect). Using PRAME knock out by CRISPR-Cas9 in vitro, TRAIL-mediated apoptotic signaling was impaired. In addition, PRAME down-modulation was strongly associated with somatic EZH2 Y641 mutations in DLBCL. Using proximity ligation assays and co-IP, we demonstrated that PRAME directly interacted with EZH2 as a negative regulator, establishing a link between PRAME deletions and EZH2 mutations with anti-apoptotic signaling in DLBCL (cell-intrinsic effect). An in vivo murine model of Ezh2 mutant lymphoma showed decreased T-cell infiltration in the TME and Ezh2 inhibition induced PRAME restoration as compared to vehicle controls. IHC for CD3, CD4, FOXP3, and GZMB revealed significant increases in various T-cell populations of the TME, including Tregs and cytotoxic T cells. EZH2 inhibition with EPZ-6438 abrogated these dualistic effects leading to increased immune cell infiltration in the tumor microenvironment and acceleration of apoptosis via PRAME restoration. Moreover, restoration of PRAME antigen presentation by EZH2 inhibition resulted in enhancement of PRAME binding using a T-cell receptor mimic PRAME antibody (Pr20), suggesting immunotherapeutic potential.
Conclusion: Our findings highlight multiple functions of PRAME during lymphomagenesis. PRAME restoration by EZH2 inhibition provides a preclinical rationale for synergistic therapies combining epigenetic re-programming with PRAME-targeted therapies.
Disclosures: Dao: Eureka Therapeutics: Consultancy. Melnick: Jubilant: Consultancy; Epizyme: Consultancy; Constellation: Consultancy; Janssen: Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Research Funding. Scheinberg: Lantheus: Current equity holder in private company; Eureka Therapeutics: Consultancy, Current equity holder in private company, Patents & Royalties: Eureka Therapuetics and MSKCC have filed patent on this ScFV and TCRm; Actinium: Consultancy, Current equity holder in private company; Contrafect: Current equity holder in private company; Sapience: Consultancy, Current equity holder in private company; Iovance: Current equity holder in private company; Enscyse: Current equity holder in private company; Arvenas: Current equity holder in private company; Pfizer: Consultancy, Current equity holder in private company; Sellas: Consultancy, Current equity holder in private company; Oncopep: Consultancy. Scott: Roche/Genentech: Research Funding; NIH: Consultancy, Other: Co-inventor on a patent related to the MCL35 assay filed at the National Institutes of Health, United States of America.; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; NanoString: Patents & Royalties: Named inventor on a patent licensed to NanoString, Research Funding. Steidl: Curis Inc: Consultancy; Roche: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy.
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