Session: 604. Molecular Pharmacology and Drug Resistance in Myeloid Diseases: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Leukemia, ALL, Biological, Diseases, CML, Therapies, Technology and Procedures, Lymphoid Malignancies, Myeloid Malignancies, TKI, NGS
Based on an inhouse designed NGS-based BCR-ABL1 KD mutation screening protocol, we retrospectively analyzed 348 specimens that undergone SS (ALL, n=164, CML, n=128, CML-BP, n=33, AML, n=3, other, n=20, other includes MAL, B-LBL). The BCR-ABL1 transcripts of 109 cases were 0, 184 cases were >0.1%, and the remaining 55 cases were between 0-0.1%. NGS screening results showed that the average VAF was 32.81% (range, 1.0%-100%), which was not provided by SS.
Compared with SS, NGS screening provided a higher mutation-positive rate (22.13% vs. 33.05%, P =0.0013), and Gatekeeper T315I remained the most common BCR-ABL1 KD mutation (12.24% vs. 14.06%, P =0.4513). When the BCR-ABL1 transcript was 0, no mutation was detected in SS; while NGS ABL1-KD discovered mutations in 12 cases (0 vs. 11.01%, P =0.0004) with VAFs lower than 10% except for one S438F (VAF 14.9%) mutation,among them are the well-known F359V and E450G, as well as ten rare mutations, including T277A and E494K.
There were also significant differences in mutations between 0 and 0.1% in BCR-ABL1 transcripts (16.36% vs 32.73%, P =0.046). However, when the BCR-ABL1 transcript >0.1%, there was no difference in mutation-positive rate between the two groups (36.96% vs. 46.20%, P=0.072).
NGS screening disclosed more multiple mutations (59 vs 82, P =0.03), with significant advantages in detecting >3 mutations (3 vs 18, P = 0.0009). Compound mutations (CMs) were determined in 8 cases (8/384, 2.08%), with the incidence of 24.24% (8/33) in cases which carrying two or more mutations, of which T315I-including CMs were the most common (6/8, 75%).
CMs or polyclonal mutation analysis is particularly crucial for severe patients who have received multiple consecutive TKIs treatments, and those with multiple background mutations and a higher risk of progression to clinical resistance. Our results showed that the inhouse designed NGS-based screening protocols could decipher TKIs resistant mutations more comprehensively than SS(Fig 1), and worthy of being implicated in clinical practice.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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