Session: 616. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Novel Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
AML, Diseases, Therapies, MDS, Biological Processes, epigenetics, Myeloid Malignancies
Methods: This is an open-label, Phase 1b (Ph1b) study of PLX2853 as a single oral agent administered daily for 21 day cycles in adult patients with relapsed or refractory AML or high risk MDS. A modified continuous reassessment model with escalation with overdose control is employed to determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). Primary objectives include safety and PK. Secondary objectives include measures of preliminary efficacy, and exploratory objectives include pharmacodynamics (PD) biomarker assessments. Enrollment through Cohort 5 (140 mg QD) is ongoing as of July 2020.
Results: 9 subjects with relapsed or refractory AML and 7 subjects with high risk MDS (median age 65.7 years, range 47-77 years old; median number of prior therapies 2.3, range 1-5 prior therapies) have received PLX2853 in escalating doses from 20 to 140 mg QD. Through the data cut-off of 19 Jul 2020 (n=16), the most common treatment emergent adverse events (AEs) regardless of causality occurring in ≥20% of patients (n≥4) are: decreased appetite (n=9), (n=8), fatigue (N=8), hyperbilirubinemia (N=8), nausea (n=7), constipation (n=6), hypokalemia (n=6), leukopenia (n=6), vomiting (n=5), international normalised ratio increased (n=5), proteinuria (n=5), and dyspnea (n=5). Most were grade (G) 1-2. Treatment emergent AEs > G2 in > 1 patients are: anemia (n=7), leukopenia (n=5) hyperbilirubinemia (n=4), febrile neutropenia (n=4), sepsis (n=3), thrombocytopenia (n=3), hypertension (n=2), lymphocyte count decreased (n=3), and neutrophil count decreased (n=3). No dose limiting toxicity (DLT) has been observed. Following a daily dose of PLX2853 the median time to reach maximal plasma concentration (Tmax) is 1 hour, and no accumulation observed at steady state, which is consistent with the short T1/2 (< 3 hours). Dose-dependent increases in exposures were observed across the dose range tested (20-80 mg daily). Fifteen of 16 subjects have completed at least 1 cycle of treatment. The following best overall responses have been observed: 1 subject with a confirmed marrow complete remission, 1 subject with a partial remission (myeloid sarcoma), 10 subjects with stable disease, 1 subject with progressive disease, and 3 subjects not evaluable.
Conclusions: In an ongoing Ph1b study of PLX2853, four cohorts have been completed with continuous, once daily dosing in patients with relapsed or refractory AML or high risk MDS, and no DLTs have been observed yet. As dose escalation continues, PK, PD, preliminary safety, and efficacy data will be reviewed further to determine the clinical significance of this BET inhibitor and identify the RP2D. This clinical trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03787498.
Disclosures: Mims: Agios: Consultancy; Kura Oncology: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Leukemia and Lymphoma Society: Other: Senior Medical Director for Beat AML Study; Novartis: Speakers Bureau; Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Syndax Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Other: Data Safety Monitoring Board. Borate: Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; AbbVie: Other: Investigator in AbbVie-funded clinical trials; Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Genentech: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Pemmaraju: Daiichi Sankyo: Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; Pacylex Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Cellectis: Research Funding; SagerStrong Foundation: Other: Grant Support; Celgene: Honoraria; Blueprint Medicines: Honoraria; MustangBio: Honoraria; DAVA Oncology: Honoraria; Roche Diagnostics: Honoraria; Samus Therapeutics: Research Funding; Affymetrix: Other: Grant Support, Research Funding; Incyte Corporation: Honoraria; Stemline Therapeutics: Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Honoraria, Research Funding; Plexxikon: Research Funding; LFB Biotechnologies: Honoraria. Borthakur: BioTherix: Consultancy; BioLine Rx: Consultancy; Argenx: Consultancy; FTC Therapeutics: Consultancy; Curio Science LLC: Consultancy; Oncoceutics: Research Funding; Xbiotech USA: Research Funding; Polaris: Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; Jannsen: Research Funding; BioLine Rx: Research Funding; Cyclacel: Research Funding; GSK: Research Funding; Abbvie: Research Funding; Novartis: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; PTC Therapeutics: Research Funding; Nkarta Therapeutics: Consultancy; Treadwell Therapeutics: Consultancy; PTC Therapeutics: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Research Funding. Roboz: GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Mesoblast: Consultancy; Helsinn: Consultancy; MEI Pharma: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Agios: Consultancy; Amphivena: Consultancy; Astex: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy; Array BioPharma: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; Celltrion: Consultancy; Eisai: Consultancy; Jazz: Consultancy; Roche/Genentech: Consultancy; Sandoz: Consultancy; Epizyme: Consultancy; Jasper Therapeutics: Consultancy; Cellectis: Research Funding; Trovagene: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Otsuka: Consultancy; Orsenix: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Astellas: Consultancy; Argenx: Consultancy; Actinium: Consultancy. Powell: Plexxikon Inc.: Current Employment. Severson: Plexxikon Inc.: Current Employment. Matusow: Plexxikon Inc.: Current Employment. Halladay: Plexxikon Inc.: Current Employment. Hsu: Daiichi Sankyo Inc.: Current Employment. Watkins: Plexxikon Inc.: Current Employment. Zhang: Plexxikon Inc.: Current Employment. Walling: Plexxikon Inc.: Consultancy; Aduro Biotech: Consultancy; Arch Oncology: Consultancy; CytomX Therapeutics: Consultancy; Harpoon Therapeutics: Consultancy; ImmuNext: Consultancy; Myovant Sciences: Consultancy; Nurix Therapeutics: Consultancy; Que Oncology: Consultancy; Sesen Bio: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Aminex: Consultancy; Crown Bio: Consultancy; Leap Therapeutics: Consultancy; Prothena Corporation: Consultancy; Puma Biotechnology: Consultancy; Rhizen Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Shanghai Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Stealth Biotherapeutics: Consultancy; Sunesis Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Upsher-Smith Laboratories: Consultancy; Flag Therapeutics: Consultancy; January Therapeutics: Consultancy. Tsiatis: Plexxikon Inc.: Current Employment. DeZern: Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Astex: Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy; MEI: Consultancy.
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