Session: 614. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Leukemia, ALL, Diseases, Non-Biological, Therapies, chemotherapy, Lymphoid Malignancies
Methods: Patients aged 51 to 75 years of age with newly diagnosed B-ALL and T-ALL were screened for eligibility. Patients with mature ALL (including Burkitt’s) were excluded. Patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive ALL (BCR-ABL1+) were eligible, and dasatinib was added to the chemotherapy on Day 10 for these patients. The chemotherapy treatment schedule from induction through maintenance is outlined in Table 1.
A standard 3 + 3 patient cohort dose escalation design was used to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ixazomib during induction for these patients, the primary objective of the trial.
After consolidation I, patients in complete remission (CR) with a suitable donor were offered a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) as per institutional guidelines. Those not going to HSCT continued therapy as noted in the table.
Results: There were 19 patients with B-ALL enrolled, none with T-ALL. Among these patients, 7 harbored BCR-ABL1 rearrangements. The median age was 65 years, 74% were male, and 90% had a performance status 0 or 1. The MTD was 2.3 mg of ixazomib, as 2 patients at 3.0 mg developed DLT’s: a grade 3 peripheral neuropathy and a grade 5 acute kidney injury (Table 2). Grade 3 and 4 toxicities encountered at any time consisted mainly of grade 4 neutropenia in 13 patients and grade 4 thrombocytopenia in 12 patients. One patient experienced grade 3 neutropenia and 5 patients experienced grade 3 thrombocytopenia. Two patients with grade 2 neuropathy did not meet the definition of DLT. Among the 19 patients, 15 (79%, [95% confidence interval (CI), 54-94%]) achieved CR (14) or CRi (1), and 5 patients went on to HSCT. The median follow-up time was 2 years (range, 1-5) for 8 patients remaining alive. The 1-year overall survival estimate was 53% [95% CI, 29-72%], while the 2-year overall survival estimate was 47% [95% CI, 24-67%].
Conclusions: A dose of 2.3 mg of ixazomib in combination with induction chemotherapy among older patients with ALL was well-tolerated and associated with a promising rate of complete remission.
Disclosures: Amrein: Takeda: Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding. Brunner: Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Takeda: Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Research Funding; Forty-Seven Inc: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Research Funding. Hobbs: Incyte: Research Funding; Bayer: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding; Constellation: Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria; Celgene/BMS: Honoraria; Jazz: Honoraria. Neuberg: Celgene: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Madrigak Pharmaceuticals: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Fathi: Kura Oncology: Consultancy; Trillium: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Agios: Consultancy, Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy; Kite: Consultancy; Celgene / BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy; Boston Biomedical: Consultancy; PTC Therapeutics: Consultancy; Trovagene: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy; Blueprint: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; NewLink Genetics: Consultancy; Forty Seven: Consultancy; Amphivena: Consultancy; Astellas: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy.
OffLabel Disclosure: MLN 9708, ixazomib is FDA approved for multiple myeloma. In this trial it is used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
See more of: Oral and Poster Abstracts