Session: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia—Clinical: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
sickle cell disease, Diseases, Therapies, Hemoglobinopathies, Clinically relevant
We evaluated the effects of HU and ACE-inhibitors or ARBs on kidney function in a longitudinal cohort of 439 SCD patients enrolled into a prospective registry between 2011 and 2019. Patients were considered for the analysis if they had 6 months of kidney function values pre-therapy and remained on therapy for 6 months or longer. Changes in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine albumin concentration were compared prior to and after starting therapy using a mixed effects model.
The effects of HU on kidney function were evaluated in 49 SCD patients. The mean age was 38 years (standard deviation [SD] 11 years), 43% were male, and 80% were Hb SS/Sβ0-thalassemia genotype. The eGFR improved from an average decline of -3.3 mL/min/1.73m2 in the 6 months prior to starting HU to an increase of +9.5 mL/min/1.73m2 during HU therapy (P = 0.0002) (Table). The average change in albuminuria also improved from an increase of +1.2 mg/g creatinine pre-HU therapy to a decline of -1.2 mg/g creatinine during HU therapy, although the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.17). In 47 SCD patients started on ACE-inhibitors or ARBs, the mean age was 45 years (SD 11 years), 43% were male, and 87% were Hb SS/Sβ0-thalassemia genotype. During ACE-inhibitor or ARB therapy, there was no observed difference in the change in eGFR pre- versus during therapy (P = 0.9) (Table). Albuminuria improved from an average change of -1.0 mg/g creatinine pre-therapy to -1.6 mg/g creatinine during therapy (P = 0.009).
Because clinical data are limited, current American Society of Hematology guidelines have conditional recommendations with low levels of certainty for the use of HU and ACE-inhibitors or ARBs to treat sickle cell nephropathy. In a longitudinal cohort of SCD patients, we demonstrate that during 6 months of therapy, there may be a benefit of HU in improving eGFR and of ACE-inhibitors or ARBs in reducing albuminuria. Larger and longer follow up studies of HU, ACE-inhibitors and ARBs as well as new targeted therapies to treat sickle cell nephropathy are urgently needed.
Disclosures: Gordeuk: Novartis: Consultancy; Ironwood: Research Funding; CSL Behring: Consultancy, Research Funding; Global Blood Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Imara: Research Funding. Saraf: Global Blood Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Advisory Boards, Speakers Bureau; Novartis, Global Blood Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer, Global Blood Therapeutics, Novartis: Research Funding.
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