Session: 904. Outcomes Research—Non-Malignant Conditions: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Bleeding and Clotting, Diseases, Lymphoma (any), Thrombosis, DLBCL, B-Cell Lymphoma, Thromboembolism, Lymphoid Malignancies, VTE
METHODS: We identified 5,537 Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with DLBCL at age ≥66 years between 2011 and 2015, with at least 1 year of coverage prior to diagnosis, and initiation of chemotherapy within 1 year post-diagnosis. We also identified a non-cancer cohort similar on age, sex, race/ethnicity (n=5,537). We ascertained pre-existing comorbidities for the 1 year prior to DLBCL diagnosis or pseudodiagnosis date (for the non-cancer cohort). Patients were followed from DLBCL diagnosis until development of new-onset VTE, or, in the absence of VTE diagnosis, for 5 years (if alive), or until death, loss of continuous Part A or Part B coverage, blood or marrow transplantation, or end of study (12/31/2016), whichever came first. VTE diagnosis was based on ICD 9 and ICD 10 codes for events including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) (ICD 9 codes: 4531, 4532, 45340, 45341, 45342, 4538, 4539 and ICD 10 codes: I82.4xx [I82.90, I82.49, I80.1, I80.2, I80.3, I80.8, I80.9]), and pulmonary embolism (PE) (ICD 9 codes: 41511, 41519 and ICD 10 codes: I26.0x and I26.9x). We used cumulative incidence function to assess the risk of post-DLBCL VTE. The risk of VTE in DLBCL patients was compared to Medicare beneficiaries without a history of cancer. In an analysis restricted to DLBCL patients, we used multivariable cox regression models to examine the following risk factors associated with VTE: age at DLBCL diagnosis, sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and pre-existing comorbid conditions (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, obesity, chronic kidney disease, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation). We treated receipt of chemotherapy as a time varying covariate.
RESULTS: Overall, 524 (9.5%) of the DLBCL patients and 80 (1.5%) of the controls were diagnosed with VTE. Adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, and comorbid conditions, DLBCL patients were at a 6.7-fold higher risk of VTE compared to controls (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.2-8.4, p<0.001) (Figure 1). In the analysis restricted to the 5,537 DLBCL patients, 61% had received cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab (RCHOP). Mean length of follow-up was 26.8 months (range: 0-71 months). The cumulative incidence of new-onset VTE was 7.3% at 6 months from diagnosis, 8.4% at 1 year, and 9.9% at 5 years (mean time to onset: 6.9 months from DLBCL, range: 0-52 months). Majority of the VTEs occurred within 6 months of DLBCL diagnosis. In the adjusted analysis, we did not identify any significant demographic, clinical or therapeutic factors associated with VTE. Of the 524 patients with VTE, 44 (8%) had a VTE-related hospitalization within 90 days of their first VTE, mean length of stay in the hospital was 14.8 days. Presenting with PE vs. DVT (relative risk [RR]=2.5, 95%CI: 1.2-5.3) was associated with a greater risk of hospitalization. Adjusting for the type of VTE, being obese (RR=8.7, 95%CI: 1.6-47.3) was also associated with a greater risk of hospitalization.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, elderly patients with DLBCL have substantially higher risk of VTE compared with a non-cancer comparison cohort. The majority of the events occur within the first 6 months of DLBCL diagnosis. Obesity is associated with a greater risk of VTE-related hospitalization. These findings identify a need for thromboprophylaxis for the first 6 months after DLBCL diagnosis.
Disclosures: Gangaraju: Sanofi Genzyme, Consultant for Cold Agglutinin Disease: Consultancy.
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