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2219 Long-Term Efficacy of First-Line Ibrutinib Treatment for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) With 4 Years of Follow-Up in Patients With TP53 Aberrations (del(17p) or TP53 Mutation): A Pooled Analysis From 4 Clinical Trials

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 642. CLL: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Leukemia, Biological, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies, TKI
Sunday, December 6, 2020, 7:00 AM-3:30 PM

John N. Allan, MD1, Tait Shanafelt, MD2, Adrian Wiestner, MD, PhD3*, Carol Moreno, MD, PhD4*, Susan M. O'Brien, MD5, Esteban Braggio, PhD6, Emily Liu, MS7*, James P. Dean, MD, PhD7, Dominic Lai, PharmD7* and Inhye E. Ahn, MD3

1Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY
2Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA
3National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD
4Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
5University of California Irvine, Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, Irvine, CA
6Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ
7Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company, Sunnyvale, CA

Background: The presence of TP53 aberrations (defined as del(17p) or TP53 gene mutation) is a strong negative predictor of survival in patients (pts) with CLL. First-line chemoimmunotherapy is suboptimal in pts with CLL bearing TP53 aberrations, with 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of only 18% and 38%, respectively, with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (Hallek, Lancet 2010). Ibrutinib is the only once-daily Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor with significant PFS and OS benefit demonstrated in multiple randomized phase 3 studies (eg, RESONATE-2, ECOG1912) in the first-line treatment of CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). Previous reports of single-agent ibrutinib or ibrutinib-based combination treatments have further demonstrated favorable PFS benefit in pts with TP53 aberrations in both the first-line and relapsed/refractory settings. Despite these study-specific subgroup analyses, there are limited data on long-term outcomes in pts with TP53 aberrations treated with first-line BTK inhibitors. We performed a pooled analysis of data across 4 studies to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of first-line ibrutinib-based therapy in pts with CLL bearing TP53 aberrations.

Methods: Data for first-line ibrutinib treatment in pts with TP53 aberrations were pooled across 4 clinical trials in CLL/SLL: PCYC-1122e (NCT01500733; single-agent ibrutinib; n=34), PCYC-1130 (NCT02264574; ibrutinib + obinutuzumab; n=18), ECOG1912 (NCT02048813; ibrutinib + rituximab; n=26), and RESONATE-2 (NCT01722487; single-agent ibrutinib; n=11). ECOG1912 and RESONATE-2 excluded pts with del(17p) but did not exclude pts with TP53 mutations. Long-term PFS (assessed by investigator), OS, and safety are reported.

Results: Eighty-nine pts with TP53 aberrations receiving first-line ibrutinib treatment were included in this pooled analysis. Median age was 65 years (range 33-87), and 69% of pts were male. At baseline, 53% had Rai stage III/IV, 38% had bulky disease (lymph nodes ≥5 cm), and 69% (of 87 evaluable) had unmutated IGHV. All patients had either del(17p) or TP53 mutation; 53% (of 89 evaluable) had del(17p) and 91% (of 58 evaluable) had TP53 mutation. Among 16 pts with del(17p) who had TP53 sequencing results available, 11 (69%) had both del(17p) and TP53 mutation. Forty-five pts received ibrutinib as a single agent and 44 received ibrutinib in combination with an anti-CD20 agent. With a median follow-up of 50 months (range 0.1 to 95.9 months), median PFS was not reached (95% CI: 67 months to not estimable; Figure 1A). At 48 months, the PFS rate was 79% and the OS rate was 88% (Figure 1B). Median duration of ibrutinib treatment was 46 months (range 0.1 to 95.5 months). Reasons for treatment discontinuation were progressive disease (20%), study closure (12%), adverse event (10%), withdrawal by pt (7%), death (3%), and other (physician decision due to scheduled pt surgery; 1%). Grade ≥3 adverse events of clinical interest with up to 8 years of treatment with ibrutinib were infection (22%; most commonly pneumonia in 7%), hypertension (13%), atrial fibrillation (12%), and major hemorrhage (7%). With the current follow-up, 46% of pts with TP53 aberrations remained on ibrutinib treatment.

Conclusions: With a median follow-up of 4 years, first-line ibrutinib-based treatment resulted in sustained efficacy with high PFS and OS rates in CLL pts with TP53 aberrations, a population with historically poor outcomes. Although pts with TP53 aberrations remain at risk for progression, first-line treatment with ibrutinib has partially overcome the poor prognosis in this high-risk population with 4-year PFS and OS rates of 79% and 88%, respectively. No new safety signals were identified in this analysis. These results from a large, pooled, multi-study dataset demonstrated the long-term benefit of first-line ibrutinib-based treatment in pts with TP53 aberrations.

Disclosures: Allan: Janssen, AbbVie, and AstraZeneca: Other: Travel/accommodations/expenses; Celgene, Genentech, AstraZeneca, TG Therapeutics, and Janssen: Research Funding; AstraZeneca, Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company, Genentech, AbbVie, Ascentage, and Cellectar: Consultancy; Janssen, AstraZeneca, and AbbVie: Honoraria. Shanafelt: Genentech, Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company, AbbVie, GlaxoSmithKline, and Merck: Research Funding; Mayo Clinic: Patents & Royalties: and other intellectual property. Wiestner: Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company; Acerta, Merck, Nurix, Verastem, and Genmab: Research Funding; National Institutes of Health: Patents & Royalties: and other intellectual property. Moreno: Janssen: Speakers Bureau; AbbVie and Janssen: Research Funding; Janssen, AbbVie, Sunesis, and AstraZeneca: Consultancy. O'Brien: Eisai: Consultancy; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy; Aptose Biosciences: Consultancy; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; Sunesis: Research Funding; Acerta: Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Pfizer: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Astellas: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy; TG Therapeutics: Research Funding; Vida Ventures: Consultancy; KITE: Research Funding; Vaniam Group LL: Consultancy; Alexion: Consultancy; Regeneron: Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy; Verastem: Consultancy; Janssen Oncology: Consultancy. Braggio: DASA: Consultancy; Bayer: Other: Stock Owner; Acerta Pharma: Research Funding. Liu: AbbVie: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Current Employment. Dean: AbbVie: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Current Employment. Lai: Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Current Employment; AbbVie and Bristol-Myers Squibb: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; AbbVie: Other: Travel/accommodations/expenses.

*signifies non-member of ASH