Session: 642. CLL: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Leukemia, Biological, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies, TKI
Methods: Data for first-line ibrutinib treatment in pts with TP53 aberrations were pooled across 4 clinical trials in CLL/SLL: PCYC-1122e (NCT01500733; single-agent ibrutinib; n=34), PCYC-1130 (NCT02264574; ibrutinib + obinutuzumab; n=18), ECOG1912 (NCT02048813; ibrutinib + rituximab; n=26), and RESONATE-2 (NCT01722487; single-agent ibrutinib; n=11). ECOG1912 and RESONATE-2 excluded pts with del(17p) but did not exclude pts with TP53 mutations. Long-term PFS (assessed by investigator), OS, and safety are reported.
Results: Eighty-nine pts with TP53 aberrations receiving first-line ibrutinib treatment were included in this pooled analysis. Median age was 65 years (range 33-87), and 69% of pts were male. At baseline, 53% had Rai stage III/IV, 38% had bulky disease (lymph nodes ≥5 cm), and 69% (of 87 evaluable) had unmutated IGHV. All patients had either del(17p) or TP53 mutation; 53% (of 89 evaluable) had del(17p) and 91% (of 58 evaluable) had TP53 mutation. Among 16 pts with del(17p) who had TP53 sequencing results available, 11 (69%) had both del(17p) and TP53 mutation. Forty-five pts received ibrutinib as a single agent and 44 received ibrutinib in combination with an anti-CD20 agent. With a median follow-up of 50 months (range 0.1 to 95.9 months), median PFS was not reached (95% CI: 67 months to not estimable; Figure 1A). At 48 months, the PFS rate was 79% and the OS rate was 88% (Figure 1B). Median duration of ibrutinib treatment was 46 months (range 0.1 to 95.5 months). Reasons for treatment discontinuation were progressive disease (20%), study closure (12%), adverse event (10%), withdrawal by pt (7%), death (3%), and other (physician decision due to scheduled pt surgery; 1%). Grade ≥3 adverse events of clinical interest with up to 8 years of treatment with ibrutinib were infection (22%; most commonly pneumonia in 7%), hypertension (13%), atrial fibrillation (12%), and major hemorrhage (7%). With the current follow-up, 46% of pts with TP53 aberrations remained on ibrutinib treatment.
Conclusions: With a median follow-up of 4 years, first-line ibrutinib-based treatment resulted in sustained efficacy with high PFS and OS rates in CLL pts with TP53 aberrations, a population with historically poor outcomes. Although pts with TP53 aberrations remain at risk for progression, first-line treatment with ibrutinib has partially overcome the poor prognosis in this high-risk population with 4-year PFS and OS rates of 79% and 88%, respectively. No new safety signals were identified in this analysis. These results from a large, pooled, multi-study dataset demonstrated the long-term benefit of first-line ibrutinib-based treatment in pts with TP53 aberrations.
Disclosures: Allan: Janssen, AbbVie, and AstraZeneca: Other: Travel/accommodations/expenses; Celgene, Genentech, AstraZeneca, TG Therapeutics, and Janssen: Research Funding; AstraZeneca, Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company, Genentech, AbbVie, Ascentage, and Cellectar: Consultancy; Janssen, AstraZeneca, and AbbVie: Honoraria. Shanafelt: Genentech, Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company, AbbVie, GlaxoSmithKline, and Merck: Research Funding; Mayo Clinic: Patents & Royalties: and other intellectual property. Wiestner: Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company; Acerta, Merck, Nurix, Verastem, and Genmab: Research Funding; National Institutes of Health: Patents & Royalties: and other intellectual property. Moreno: Janssen: Speakers Bureau; AbbVie and Janssen: Research Funding; Janssen, AbbVie, Sunesis, and AstraZeneca: Consultancy. O'Brien: Eisai: Consultancy; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy; Aptose Biosciences: Consultancy; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; Sunesis: Research Funding; Acerta: Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Pfizer: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Astellas: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy; TG Therapeutics: Research Funding; Vida Ventures: Consultancy; KITE: Research Funding; Vaniam Group LL: Consultancy; Alexion: Consultancy; Regeneron: Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy; Verastem: Consultancy; Janssen Oncology: Consultancy. Braggio: DASA: Consultancy; Bayer: Other: Stock Owner; Acerta Pharma: Research Funding. Liu: AbbVie: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Current Employment. Dean: AbbVie: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Current Employment. Lai: Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Current Employment; AbbVie and Bristol-Myers Squibb: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; AbbVie: Other: Travel/accommodations/expenses.
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