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LBA-2 Ibrutinib Combined with Venetoclax in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Primary Analysis Results from the Randomized Phase 3 Sympatico Study

Program: General Sessions
Session: Late-Breaking Abstracts Session
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, Lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Combination therapy, Clinical Research, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies
Tuesday, December 12, 2023, 9:00 AM-10:30 AM

Michael Wang, MD1, Wojciech Jurczak, MD, PhD2*, Marek Trněný, MD3, David Belada, MD4*, Tomasz Wrobel, MD, PhD5*, Nilanjan Ghosh, MD, PhD6*, Mary-Margaret Keating, MD7, Tom van Meerten, MD, PhD8*, Ruben Fernandez Alvarez, MD9*, Gottfried von Keudell, MD, PhD10, Catherine Thieblemont, MD11*, Frederic Peyrade, MD12*, Marc Andre, MD13*, Marc Hoffmann, MD14, Edith Szafer Glusman15*, Jennifer Lin, MS, MA15*, James P. Dean, MD, PhD15*, Jutta K. Neuenburg, MD, PhD15 and Constantine S. Tam, MD, MBBS16*

1Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
2Maria Skłodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Kraków, Poland
3General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
44th Department of Internal Medicine - Haematology, Charles University, Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
5Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland
6Levine Cancer Institute, Atrium Health, Charlotte, NC
7Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, NS, Canada
8Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
9Hospital Universitario de Cabueñes, Asturias, Spain
10Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA
11Université de Paris, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Saint-Louis, service d’hémato-oncologie, Paris, France
12Centre Antoine Lacassagne, Nice, France
13CHU UCL Namur Mont-Godinne, Yvoir, Belgium
14University of Kansas Cancer Center, Kansas City, KS
15AbbVie, North Chicago, IL
16Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Alfred Health and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia

Background: Ibrutinib (Ibr) is a once-daily Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor approved in multiple regions for patients (pts) with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received ≥1 prior therapy. Venetoclax (Ven) is a BCL-2 inhibitor approved in the US for pts with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia. Ibr and Ven have distinct and complementary modes of action, and the combination has shown promising clinical activity in early phase studies in MCL (Tam, N Engl J Med 2018; Wang, J Hematol Oncol 2021). Here, we report the primary analysis results from the multinational, randomized, double-blind, phase 3 SYMPATICO (NCT03112174) study comparing Ibr+Ven vs Ibr + placebo (Pbo) in pts with relapsed/refractory (R/R) MCL.

Methods: Pts aged ≥18 y with R/R MCL after 1–5 prior therapies were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive oral Ibr 560 mg once daily concurrently with oral Ven (standard 5-wk ramp-up to a target dose of 400 mg once daily) or Pbo for 2 y, followed by single-agent Ibr until progressive disease (PD) or unacceptable toxicity. Randomization was stratified based on ECOG PS, prior lines of therapy, and tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) risk based on tumor burden and CrCl. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) by investigator (INV) assessment using Lugano criteria; pts without PD or death were censored at the last non-PD assessment (per global censoring rules). Additional sensitivity analyses included PFS assessment by independent review committee (IRC) and censoring per US FDA rules (Table). Key secondary endpoints were tested hierarchically in the following order: complete response (CR) rate by INV assessment, time to next treatment (TTNT), overall survival (OS, interim analysis), and overall response rate (ORR) by INV assessment.

Results: A total of 267 pts were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive Ibr+Ven (n=134) or Ibr+Pbo (n=133). Median age was 68 y; 96% of pts had an ECOG PS of 0–1, 17% had ≥3 prior lines of therapy, and 22% were at increased risk for TLS. At baseline, pts in the Ibr+Ven vs Ibr+Pbo arms had median ages 69 vs 67 y, high-risk simplified MCL International Prognostic Index score 38% vs 31%, bulky disease ≥5 cm 46% vs 40%, bone marrow involvement 46% vs 41%, splenomegaly 31% vs 25%, and TP53 mutated 30% vs 28%; other baseline characteristics were generally similar between arms. With a median time on study of 51.2 mo, median PFS by INV assessment was significantly longer with Ibr+Ven vs Ibr+Pbo (31.9 vs 22.1 mo), with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.65 (95% CI, 0.47–0.88; stratified log-rank P=0.0052) (Figure). PFS rates at 24 mo were 57% and 45% with Ibr+Ven and Ibr+Pbo, respectively. PFS benefit with Ibr+Ven vs Ibr+Pbo was generally consistent across prespecified subgroups, including those with blastoid variant or TP53-mutated MCL. Sensitivity analyses of PFS were consistent with the primary analysis (Table). Ibr+Ven significantly improved CR rates (54% vs 32%) and TTNT (median not reached [NR] vs 35.4 mo); at the current 51.2 mo median follow-up, median OS was 44.9 mo with Ibr+Ven vs 38.6 mo with Ibr+Pbo (HR 0.85 [95% CI, 0.62–1.19]) (Table). Median duration of treatment was 22.2 mo for the Ibr+Ven arm and 17.7 mo for the Ibr+Pbo arm; at the time of analysis, 30% of pts in the Ibr+Ven arm and 20% of pts in the Ibr+Pbo arm remained on single-agent Ibr. Grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) occurred in 84% of pts with Ibr+Ven vs 76% with Ibr+Pbo; the most frequent (occurring in ≥5% of pts) were neutropenia (31% vs 11%), pneumonia (13% vs 11%), thrombocytopenia (13% vs 8%), anemia (10% vs 3%), diarrhea (8% vs 2%), leukopenia (7% vs 0%), MCL (7% vs 12%), atrial fibrillation (5% vs 5%), COVID-19 (5% vs 1%), and hypertension (4% vs 9%). Serious AEs occurred in 60% of pts in each arm. No clinical TLS occurred; laboratory TLS occurred in 5% and 2% of pts in the Ibr+Ven and Ibr+Pbo arms, respectively. COVID-19 deaths occurred in 10 pts in each arm and had no meaningful impact on PFS or OS HRs.

Conclusion: The Ibr+Ven combination demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in PFS compared with Ibr+Pbo in pts with R/R MCL; CR rates and TTNT were also significantly improved with Ibr+Ven. OS was numerically but not significantly improved at this interim analysis. The safety profile of Ibr+Ven was consistent with known AEs for each agent, with no new safety signals observed. Overall, these results demonstrate a favorable benefit-risk profile for Ibr+Ven in pts with R/R MCL.

Disclosures: Wang: Acerta Pharma, AstraZeneca, BeiGene, BioInvent, Celgene, Genentech, Innocare, Janssen, Juno Therapeutics, Kite Pharma, Lilly, Loxo Oncology, Molecular Templates, Oncternal, Pharmacyclics, VelosBio: Research Funding. Jurczak: Astra Zeneca, BeiGene, Janssen, Loxo Oncology, Sandoz, Roche: Consultancy; Abbvie, Astra Zeneca, Bayer, BeiGene, Celtrion, Celgene, Debbiopharm, Epizyme, Incyte, Janssen, Loxo Oncology, Merck, Mei Pharma, Morphosys, Novo Nordisk, Roche, Sandoz, Takeda, TG Therapeutics: Research Funding. Trněný: Gilead Sciences, Takeda, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Roche, janssen, Abbvie: Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses; Takeda, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Incyte, Abbvie, Amgen, Roche, Gilead Sciences, Janssen, MorphoSys, Novartis: Consultancy; Janssen, Gilead Sciences, Takeda, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Amgen, Abbvie, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Morphosys, Incyte, Portola, AstraZeneca, Novartis: Honoraria. Belada: Roche, Takeda, Gliead Sciences: Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses; Roche, Janssen-Cilag, Genmab, Morphosys: Research Funding; Roche, Takeda, Janssen-Cilag, Gilead Sciences, Novartis: Consultancy. Wrobel: Roche: Research Funding; Roche, Novartis, Takeda,Celgene, BMS, Janssen-Cilag, Beigene, Pfizer, Gilead, Sanofi, GSK: Consultancy; Gilead, Roche, Takeda: Other: Travel, Accomodations, Expenses; Roche, Novartis, Takeda, Celgene, BMS, Janssen-Cilag, Beigene, Sanofi: Speakers Bureau; Roche, Takdea, Novartis, BMS, Celgene, Janssen-Cilag, Beigene, Gilead, Sanofi: Honoraria. Ghosh: Roche NHL solutions panel: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Seagen, TG Therapeutics, AstraZeneca, Phamacyclics, Janssen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Gilead Sciences, Kite Pharma, Beigene, Incyte, Lava Therapeutics, Incyte, Roche/Genentech, Novartis, Loxo Oncology, AbbVie, Genmab, Adaptive Biotech, ADC Therapeutics, Astr: Honoraria; AstraZenca, Janssen, Pharmacyclics, Kite pharma, BMS, Epizyme: Speakers Bureau; AbbVie, ADC Therapeutics, Adaptive Biotech, AstraZeneca, BeiGene, Bristol Myers Squibb, Genentech/Roche, Genmab, Gilead Sciences, Incyte, Janssen, Kite Pharma, Lava Therapeutics, Loxo Oncology, Novartis, Phamacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company, Seagen, Roche: Consultancy; TG Therapeutics, Bristol Myers Squibb, Gilead, Morphosys, AbbVie, Pharmacyclics: Research Funding. Keating: Janssen, Roche: Consultancy. van Meerten: Janssen: Consultancy; Genentech: Research Funding; Kite/Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS/Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding. von Keudell: AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics, an AbbAvie Company: Consultancy, Honoraria; Incyte: Consultancy, Honoraria; Merck: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding; Syndax: Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Research Funding. Hoffmann: Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Consultancy, Honoraria. Szafer Glusman: AbbVie: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Lin: AbbVie: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Dean: Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Neuenburg: AbbVie: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Tam: Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Honoraria, Research Funding.

OffLabel Disclosure: The combination of ibrutinib + venetoclax is not approved for the treatment of MCL in any region.