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5004 Phase I Trial of Systemic Administration of Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Genetically Engineered to Express NIS and Human Interferon, in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma, Lymphomas, or Histiocytic/Dendritic Cell Neoplasms

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 801. Gene Therapies: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological therapies, Gene Therapy, Therapies, Vaccines
Monday, December 11, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

N. Nora Bennani, MD1, Joselle Cook, MBBS2, Susan M. Geyer, PhD3, Brenda F Ginos1*, Lianwen Zhang1*, Javier Munoz, MD4*, Stephen Broski1*, Stephen Russell, MD, PhD1,5, Kah-Whye Peng, PhD1* and Martha Lacy, MD1*

1Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
2Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
3Alliance Statistics and Data Management Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
4Mayo Clinic, Phoenix
5Vyriad, Rochester, MN

Background: Oncolytic virotherapy, an innovative immunomodulatory therapeutic approach, is currently being investigated for its potential in treating relapsed refractory (R/R) hematologic malignancies. This study focuses on the use of an engineered Vesicular Stomatitis Virus called VSV-IFNβ-NIS, a bullet-shaped rhabdovirus which encodes both interferon beta (IFNβ) and sodium iodine symporter (NIS) with particular tumor cell tropism. Viral IFNβ serves as an indicator of viral proliferation and boosts the host's anti-tumor immune response. This is a phase 1 clinical trial with the identifier NCT03017820, wherein patients (pts) with R/R multiple myeloma (MM), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are treated with a single systemic administration of VSV-IFNβ-NIS.

Study Design and Methods:

Patient Eligibility Criteria: The Mayo Clinic Institutional Review Board approved the protocol. The study includes adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (MM), or T-cell lymphoma (TCL). For MM or plasmacytoma, patients should have <15% plasma cells and a largest diameter of <5 cm. TCL patients should have a mass <5 cm.

Study Design: This is a single-center phase 1 trial aiming to determine the maximum tolerated dose of VSV-IFNβ-NIS in patients with R/R MM, and TCL. Secondary objectives included assessing the safety profile and estimating the clinical response rate of VSV-IFNβ-NIS. Correlative objectives involved monitoring viral replication through plasma IFN-β transgene levels and using SPECT/CT imaging with the NIS gene. Viral genomes were measured through quantitative reverse transcription (qRT) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of VSV RNA, and any virus shedding was examined in body fluids. The tested doses were 5 × 109 TCID50, 1.7 × 1010, 5 × 1010, and 1.7 × 1011 TCID50. The virus was administered via IV infusion over 30 minutes, and patients received 650 mg acetaminophen and 50 mg diphenhydramine hydrochloride before infusion and every 6 hours for 24 hours to manage fever and hypotension. Two expansion cohorts at DL4 have been added (20 additional PTCL, 10 B-cell lymphoma and histiocytic neoplasms) to obtain additional data on tolerability and efficacy and biomarkers of response in these histologies.

Safety and Response Assessments: All patients undergo toxicity evaluation, and adverse events (AEs) assessment using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4 criteria, except for cytokine release syndrome (CRS) grading, which follows the 2014 Lee criteria. Dose escalation and tolerability are based on the standard 3+3 phase 1 trial design. Ruxolitinib is added from days 2-5 or day -1 to day 9 depending on the arm to mitigate IFNβ toxicity.

Response assessment followed the International Myeloma Working Group criteria for MM and the Lugano Classification for NHL and histiocytic neoplasms.

Pharmacodynamic and Pharmacokinetic Analyses: For viremia and viral shedding assessment, RNA is isolated from whole blood, mouth rinse, buccal swabs, and urine samples. Quantitative RT-PCR determined VSV-nucleocapsid (N) RNA copy number, and virus shedding is assessed through coculturing samples on Vero cells. Anti-VSV antibodies are evaluated using the standard plaque reduction neutralization assay. Plasma cytokine levels are measured with a 30-plex human cytokine kit, and human IFN-β levels is quantified using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit.

Statistical Analysis: Incidence of dose-limiting toxicities and AEs are tabulated by dose level (DL). AEs are summarized by type, maximum grade, and duration across patients in each DL. Spearman rank correlation tests are used evaluated correlations between laboratory-based measures, and Wilcoxon rank sum tests compared continuous measures between response groups. Response rates will be summarized by DL and disease group, with estimated response rates and corresponding 95% binomial confidence intervals calculated.

Disclosures: Bennani: Acrotech: Other: Scientific Advisory Committee, No personal compensation ; Acrotech: Other: Advisory board; No personal compensation; Astellas Pharma: Other: Advisory board; No personal compensation; Affimed: Other: Advisory board; No personal compensation; Secura Bio: Other: Advisory board; No personal compensation; Kymera: Other: Advisory board; No personal compensation. Russell: Vyriad: Current Employment. Peng: Vyriad: Current Employment, Research Funding.

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