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2888 Olutasidenib for the Treatment of mIDH1 Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Patients Relapsed or Refractory to Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant, Prior mIDH1 Inhibitor, or Venetoclax

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 615. Acute Myeloid Leukemias: Commercially Available Therapies, Excluding Transplantation and Cellular Immunotherapies: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, Clinical Research
Sunday, December 10, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Jorge Cortes, MD1, Joseph Jurcic, MD2, Maria R. Baer, MD3, William Blum, MD4, P. Brent Ferrell Jr., MD5, Brian A. Jonas, MD, PhD6, Sangmin Lee, MD7, Alice Mims, MD8, Shyam Ajay Patel, MD, PhD9*, Gary J. Schiller, MD10, Jay Yang, MD11 and Justin M. Watts, MD12

1Georgia Cancer Center, Augusta University, Augusta, GA
2Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY
3Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
4Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Atlanta, GA
5Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN
6Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Malignant Hematology, Cellular Therapy and Transplantation, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA
7Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY
8Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH
9Department of Medicine - Division of Hematology/Oncology, UMass Chan Medical School, Shrewsbury, MA
10Hematological Malignancy/ Stem Cell Transplant Program, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
11Karmanos Cancer Institute/ Department of Oncology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
12Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, MIAMI, FL

Introduction. Olutasidenib is a small molecule, oral, mutated-IDH1 (mIDH1) inhibitor approved for the treatment of relapsed/refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In the pivotal cohort of the registrational phase 1/2 trial, 51/147 (35%) patients achieved a complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery (CRh) to olutasidenib, with a duration of response of 25.9 months and an overall response rate (ORR) of 48%. The phase 1/2 study included 10 cohorts for a total of 335 patients, and there were patient subsets that were R/R to previous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), ivosidenib (IVO) or venetoclax (VEN). We conducted post hoc analyses to better understand the response to olutasidenib in these poor-prognosis subgroups of mIDH1 AML.

Methods. This Phase 1/2, open-label, multi-center study enrolled patients with confirmed AML or intermediate, high-, or very high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes/neoplasms (MDS). Patients received olutasidenib 100mg QD, 150mg QD or 150mg BID monotherapy or the combination of olutasidenib 150mg BID plus azacitidine. Patients were grouped by prior therapy. Baseline demographics and disease characteristics are shown in Table 1. The study was not powered to statistically evaluate subpopulations; descriptive statistics are provided. Data cutoff date is June 2021.

Results. The post-HSCT group (n=31) had a relatively high median baseline bone marrow blast count (58%) and a median of 4 prior treatment regimens (Table 1). Six (19%) of these patients had a CR (including the 1 patient with MDS), and 3 (10%) patients had a CR with incomplete count recovery (CRi) resulting in a 29% composite complete remission (CRc) rate. One patient had a morphologic leukemia-free status, resulting in a 32% ORR. Half the responders received monotherapy, and half received a combination of olutasidenib and azacitidine. Two patients were enrolled in the monotherapy maintenance cohort while in CR to prior HSCT; one of these patients maintained a CR for 13 months before progressing, and the other patient progressed and discontinued due to a new central nervous system disease (Table 2). For the 10 patients with responses (ORR), the median duration of response was 7.1 months (range 1-23.4+). At data cutoff, 2 patients were ongoing responders, 3 patients proceeded to a second HSCT, and 3 to donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI).

The post-IVO group (n=9) had a high median baseline bone marrow blast count (83%) and a median of 4 prior treatment regimens (Table 1). Two patients (22%) achieved a CR; both CRc and ORR were 22% (Table 2). Both responders had received olutasidenib in combination with azacitidine. One responder proceeded to HSCT after 3.1 months, and one responded for 5.6 months and then had disease progression.

Response rates in the post-VEN group (n=20) included CR in 6 patients (30%), CRh in 1 (5%), and CRi in 2 (10%) resulting in a CRc of 9 (45%) and an ORR of 45% (Tables 1 and 2). One responder received combination olutasidenib and azacitidine. Two patients were enrolled in the monotherapy maintenance cohort while in CRi to prior treatment; both improved their response to a CR. Median duration of response was not reached and ongoing at 28.5 months. At data cutoff, 5 patients continued treatment, and 15 had discontinued.

Conclusions. This descriptive analysis suggests that olutasidenib alone or in combination with azacitidine may induce complete remissions in patients with mIDH1 AML or MDS that is R/R to VEN, IVO or even HSCT. Further investigation of these difficult-to-treat subpopulations is needed. Although only a small number of patients receiving maintenance therapy were included in this analysis, the data show that maintenance of a CR and even improvement of response from CRi to CR is possible with olutasidenib.

Disclosures: Cortes: Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria; Pfizer: Consultancy, Research Funding; Biopath Holdings: Consultancy, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Forma Therapuetic: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding. Jurcic: Sumitomo Pharma: Research Funding; Rigel Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Research Funding; Syros Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie: Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding; Ionis Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Gilead/Forty Seven: Research Funding; Blueprint Medicines: Research Funding; Forma Therapeutics: Research Funding. Baer: Takeda (Inst): Research Funding; FORMA Therapeutics (Inst): Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead company (Inst): Research Funding; Kura Oncology (Inst): Research Funding; Ascentage Pharma (Inst): Research Funding; Abbvie (Inst): Research Funding. Ferrell: Novartis: Research Funding. Jonas: AbbVie: Consultancy, Other: travel reimbursement , Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy, Research Funding; Gilead: Consultancy, Other: data monitoring committee , Research Funding; GlycoMimetics: Consultancy, Other: protocol steering committee , Research Funding; Jazz: Consultancy, Research Funding; Kymera: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy, Research Funding; Rigel: Consultancy, Other: travel reimbursement ; Servier: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Amgen: Research Funding; AROG: Research Funding; Aptose: Research Funding; Celgene: Research Funding; F. Hoffmann-La Roche: Research Funding; Forma: Research Funding; Forty-Seven: Research Funding; Genentech/Roche: Research Funding; Hanmi: Research Funding; Immune-Onc: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; Loxo: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Sigma Tau: Research Funding; Treadwell: Research Funding. Mims: Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Patel: Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science (CCTS) Pilot Project Program grant (NIH / NCATS Grant UL1TR001453: Research Funding. Schiller: Ono Pharmaceutical: Consultancy; Johnson & Johnson: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Amgen: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Agios: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy, Research Funding; Incyte: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Astellas Pharma: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Kite: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Stemline Therapeutics: Speakers Bureau; Sanofi: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Actinium Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Actuate Therapeutics: Research Funding; Arog: Research Funding; Celator: Research Funding; Constellation Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Research Funding; Deciphera: Research Funding; Delta-Fly Pharma: Research Funding; FORMA Therapeutics: Research Funding; Fujifilm: Research Funding; Gamida Cell: Research Funding; Genentech/Roche: Research Funding; Geron: Research Funding; Mateon Therapeutics: Research Funding; Onconova Therapeutics: Research Funding; Pfizer: Research Funding; Precog: Research Funding; REGiMMUNE: Research Funding; Samus Therapeutics: Research Funding; Sangamo Bioscience: Research Funding; Sellas Life Sciences: Research Funding; Stemline Therapeutics: Research Funding; Takeda: Research Funding; Tolero Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Trovagene: Research Funding; Agios: Research Funding; ElevateBio: Research Funding; Ono Pharmaceutical: Research Funding; AVM Biotechnology: Research Funding; Syros Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Kronos Bio: Research Funding. Watts: Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Servier: Consultancy; Reven Pharma: Consultancy; Rafael Pharma: Consultancy; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy; Immune Systems Key, Ltd.: Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Aptose: Consultancy; Rigel: Consultancy, Research Funding; Attivare: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH