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3489 Phase I Clinical Study of Humanized BCMA-Single-Domain Antibodies-Targeting CAR T (BCMA-CART) in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 704. Cellular Immunotherapies: Early Phase and Investigational Therapies: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, Clinical Research
Sunday, December 10, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Gaofeng Zheng, MD1*, Heng Mei2*, Gang Ye, MD3*, Ling Zhou3*, Cheng Wen3*, Zhuoxiao Cao3* and Zhen Cai, PhD, MD4*

1Bone Marrow Transplantation Center, Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, Hangzhou, China
2Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
3Shanghai Simnova Biotechnology Co., Ltd, Shanghai, China, Shanghai, China
4Bone Marrow Transplantation Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China

Background:The CAR structure adopted by CART-BCMA is composed of a single-domain antibody targeting BCMA, CD8 hinge region, transmembrane region, 4-1BB co-stimulatory domain, and CD3-ζ T cell activation domain. In the phase I clinical study (NCT05346198) carried out in China, the safety and efficacy of CART-BCMA were initially evaluated through the dose escalation + dose expansion design, and the recommended dose (RD dose) for follow-up studies was determined as well.

Method:Enrolled patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) had previously received at least 3 lines of therapy including at least one proteasome inhibitor and one immune modulator. After lymphatic preconditioning chemotherapy (program: fludarabine 30mg/m2/d and cyclophosphamide 300mg/m2/d, -5, -4, -3, for 3 consecutive days), all patients received a single dose of CART-BCMA at 2.5×106, 5×106 and 7.5×106 CAR-positive T cells/kg (subject body weight), according to the dose level in which they were enrolled.

Results:Up to June 26, 2023, a total of 15 cases of RRMM received 2.5×106 CAR-positive T cells/kg (n=3), 5×106 CAR-positive T cells/kg (n=11) or 7.5×106 CAR-positive T cells/kg (n=1) dose level of CART-BCMA cell infusion therapy on the basis of the dose level in which they were enrolled. The median follow-up time was 14.42 months (range: 10.2-26.6 months). The median age of the subjects was 63.0 years old (range: 36-73 years old) (Table 1), 73.3% of the subjects (n=11) had previously received ≥4 lines of multiple myeloma therapy, and the median line of treatment was 5 lines (range: 3-9 lines), among which, 2 subjects (13.3%) had previously received autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and 4 subjects (26.7%) had relapsed/refractory diseases after previous treatment with proteasome inhibitors, immune modulators and CD38 monoclonal antibodies (three-drug relapsed/refractory). Nine subjects (60.0%) had high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities according to sMART 3.0 criteria, and 6 subjects (40.0%) had extramedullary plasmacytoma.

The most common grade ≥3 adverse events were hematological toxicity, including decreased neutrophil count (n=13, 86.7%), decreased white blood cell count (n=12, 80.0%), decreased lymphocyte count (n=10, 66.7%), anemia (n=8, 53.3%), decreased platelet count (n=4, 26.7%). The first patient in the 7.5×106 CAR-positive T cells/kg dose group had a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) event of grade 4 platelet count decrease, and no DLT event occurred in the other low-dose groups (2.5 and 5×106 CAR-positive T cells/kg). All 15 patients (100.0%) developed grade 1-2 cytokine release syndrome (CRS), no grade ≥3 CRS occurred, and the median time to CRS was 2.0 days (range: 1-13 days) , with a median duration of 7.0 days (range: 2 to 17 days). After the occurrence of CRS, all patients recovered without sequelae after supportive treatment, and 6 patients (40%) received tocilizumab (3 subjects received 2 doses, 3 subjects received 1 dose), 4 patients (26.7%) used glucocorticoids. There was no event of immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS), and no death event occurred.

The median time to the first response (TTR) of the patients was 0.953 months (range: 0.92 to 2.23 months). All 15 patients who received CART-BCMA infusion achieved remission, and the overall remission rate (ORR) ( At least achieve PR or better efficacy) was 100% (95%CI, 78.20%-100.00%), as shown in Figure 1, among which, the best response of 9 patients (60%) was strict complete remission ( sCR), 5 patients (33.3%) achieved very good partial response (VGPR), and 1 patient (6.7%) achieved PR. All sCR patients achieved MRD negativity. The ORR of 6 patients with extramedullary plasmacytoma was 100%, of which 2 achieved sCR and 4 achieved VGPR. Notably, gradual deepening of remission was observed in 12 patients (80%), of which 10 patients (66.7%) further deepened the depth of remission on days 60-90 after infusion, and 2 patients (13.3%) were assessed sCR at day 360.

Conclusion:Data from this phase 1 clinical study showed that CART-BCMA is well tolerated and highly efficacious in patients with RRMM. Patients with extramedullary plasmacytoma had the comparable response to those without extramedullary diseases. Notably, 12 patients (80%) patients elicted deeper response after 3 months of CART-BCMA infusion

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

*signifies non-member of ASH