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803 Prednisone Plus Ivig Compared with Prednisone for Immune Thrombocytopenia during Pregnancy

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 311. Disorders of Platelet Number or Function: Clinical and Epidemiological: Thrombocytopenia in Special Populations
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, Clinical Research, Combination therapy, Therapies
Monday, December 11, 2023: 3:45 PM

Yuxiu Chen1*, Mengyu Xiao1*, Zhuoyu An1*, Menglin Li1*, Qingyuan Qu1,2*, Jianying Zhou1*, Haixia Fu, MD1,3,4*, Kai-Yan Liu, MD, PhD1,5,6 and Xiaohui Zhang, MD1,3,6,7,8,9,10*

1Peking University People's Hospital, Peking University Institute of Hematology, Beijing, China
2Peking University Institute of Hematology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Beijing, China
3Peking University People’s Hospital, Peking University Institute of Hematology, Beijing, China., Beijing, China
4Peking University People’s Hospital, Peking University Institute of Hematology, Beijing, Beijing, China
5Peking University People’s Hospital, Beijing, China, Beijing, CHN
6Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China
7Peking University people hospital, Beijing, China
8Collaborative Innovation Center of Hematology, Peking University, Beijing, China
9National Clinical Research Center for Hematologic Disease, Beijing, China
10Beijing Key Laboratory of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Beijing, China


Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an acquired autoimmune disease characterized by an isolated low platelet count and is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia during pregnancy, accounting for 1%-4% of thrombocytopenia in pregnant women. Women with ITP who have severe thrombocytopenia are at an increased risk for life-threatening obstetric complications. However, management of ITP during pregnancy can be challenging because treatment choices are limited. Corticosteroids or intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) are recommended as first-line treatments for pregnant women with ITP, but the response to initial treatment is approximately 39% and 38%, respectively, lower than that in nonpregnant patients with ITP. Therefore, in-depth studies investigating new solutions for the first-line treatment of ITP during pregnancy are urgently needed. Our previous retrospective study revealed an advantage of prednisone combined with IVIg compared to prednisone monotherapy for pregnant patients with ITP. Therefore, the aim of this prospective, randomized, open-label study was to further assess the efficacy and safety of prednisone plus IVIg compared to prednisone monotherapy in pregnant women with ITP. The study has been registered at clinicaltrials.gov. NCT05333744


Eligible treatment-naive ITP patients during pregnancy with a platelet count < 30 × 10^9/L, accompanied by or without bleeding symptoms, were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive prednisone 20 mg per day for 4 weeks plus IVIg 400 mg/kg (total dose ≤20 g per day) for 5 days or prednisone 20 mg monotherapy per day for 4 weeks. Prednisone was gradually tapered to the maintenance dose of 5-10 mg per day until 6 weeks after delivery if there was a response to treatment; otherwise, prednisone was gradually tapered to withdrawal. The primary outcome was overall response (OR), defined as a platelet count ≥ 30 × 10^9/L, a doubling of the baseline platelet count and the absence of bleeding. Secondary endpoints included complete response (CR), time to response, platelet counts at delivery, platelet counts of newborns, and adverse events in parturients. CR was defined as platelet count ≥100×10^9/L measured on 2 occasions at least 7 days apart and the absence of bleeding.


A total of 100 treatment-naive ITP patients during pregnancy were randomly assigned to either the prednisone plus IVIg (n=50) or prednisone monotherapy (n=50) groups. All the baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups. The median ages of patients in the prednisone plus IVIg group and prednisone monotherapy group were 30.32 years (range, 22-43) and 30 years (range, 28-46), respectively. For patients in the combination and monotherapy groups, the mean estational ages at intervention start were 28.3 weeks and 30.9 weeks, respectively. All patients were followed up for more than 2 months. OR was observed in 23 (46.0%) patients in the combination group and 22 (44%) in the monotherapy group, and no significant difference was observed between the two groups (p=0.91). A significant difference was observed in the time to response between the prednisone plus IVIg group and prednisone monotherapy group (6.14 days vs. 9.84 days, p=0.001). However, the predelivery platelet transfusion of the prednisone plus IVIg group was greater than that of the prednisone monotherapy group. There were no significant differences in the delivery mode between the combined group and monotherapy group. No significant differences were found between the two groups in neonatal outcomes, particularly concerning the neonatal platelet counts.


Prednisone plus IVIg was an effective and safe treatment for ITP in pregnancy, and this therapy may be a new first-line treatment option for pregnant patients with ITP.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

*signifies non-member of ASH