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2826 Combination of CDK4/6 Inhibitor Palbociclib and PI3K Inhibitor Idelalisib Synergistically Induces an Anti-Tumor Effect in B-Cell Lymphoma and Overcomes Ibrutinib Resistance

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 605. Molecular Pharmacology and Drug Resistance: Lymphoid Neoplasms: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
apoptosis, Research, Lymphomas, Translational Research, Combination therapy, B Cell lymphoma, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies, Biological Processes, molecular biology, Study Population, Animal model
Sunday, December 10, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Dingyao Hu1*, Jiaowu Cao1*, Dedao Wang1*, Jiajin Wu1*, Lan Mi1*, Lingyan Ping1*, Ning Ding1*, Yuqin Song1 and Jun Zhu, PhD2

1Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Lymphoma, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute (Beijing Cancer Hospital), Beijing, China
2Department of Lymphoma, Key laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing, Beijing, China

Introduction: Aberrant activity of cyclin-dependent kinases 4/6 (CDK4/6) is frequently detected in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL), indicating the therapeutic implications of CDK4/6 inhibitors for B‐cell malignancies. What’s more, the introduction of agents targeting B cell receptor signaling, especially phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) isoform-specific inhibitors, is rapidly changing how B cell malignancies are treated. In this study, we aim to investigate whether the combination of CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib (PAL) and PI3Kδ inhibitor idelalisib (IDE) has synergistic anti-tumor effects in B cell lymphoma. Besides, we also evaluated the effect of co-administration PAL and IDE in Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BTKi) resistant model.

Methods: In vitro, cell viability was analyzed using Cell Titer-Glo®️ Luminescent Cell Viability Assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis and cell cycle arrest induction. Western Blotting analysis was used to detect the changes in essential proteins in related signaling pathways. We also conducted RNA-seq to evaluate the whole transcriptome changes brought by co-treatment with PAL and IDE. The synergistic anti-tumor effects of PAL and IDE were also evaluated in vivo. BTKi secondary resistant cell lines were generated by long-time exposure to ibrutinib and BTK C481S mutation cell line was conducted by lentivirus infection and puromycin selection.

Results: Firstly, we analyzed diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLBCL) gene expression profile results from GEO database, and there were more than 50% patients carried cell cycle-related genes alterations, especially for CDKN2A-CDK4/6/CCND1-Rb machinery. Then, it was noteworthy that the high level of CDK4/6 mRNA and protein expression correlated with worse survival of DLBCL patients. Next, we illustrated that pharmacological inhibition of CDK4/6 kinase activity induced inhibition of cell proliferation, tumor cell apoptosis, and cell senescence. Meanwhile, PAL treatment upregulated the expression of PI3Kδ, p-AKT (S473), and p-mTOR (S2448), suggesting compensatory activation of the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway. Thus, combination treatment of PAL and PI3K inhibitor IDE was assessed, and this combination synergistically induced a more potent anti-proliferative effect in several B-NHL cell lines, including mantle cell lymphoma cell lines (Z-138 and Jeko-1), DLBCL cell lines (U2932 and OCI-Ly8) and Burkitt lymphoma cell line (Raji). Meanwhile, co-administration treatment could also trigger synergistic anti-tumor activity in BTK inhibitor ibrutinib-resistant HBL-1 BTK C481S and HBL-1 IR cells (long time exposure to ibrutinib). Next, the flow cytometry results indicated that the B-NHL cells became apoptotic after the PAL and IDE treatment. The activation of apoptosis-related proteins (cleaved-caspase3 and cleaved-PARP) and decrease of anti-apoptosis proteins expression (BCL-2, BCL-xL, XIAP, and MCL-1) were induced by combination of CDK4/6 and PI3K inhibitor treatment. The combination of PAL and IDE also substantially increased the cell population of G0/G1 phase and elevated expression of CDK4, CDK6, and CyclinD1. Furthermore, the gene expression profile analysis demonstrated that the mRNA expression level of PLK1 was significantly decreased by co-administration treatment, rather than in PAL or IDE treatment alone. Finally, the combination treatment also showed synergistic anti‐tumor activity in multiple tumor‐bearing mice models.

Conclusion: The combination of CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib and PI3K inhibitor idelalisib synergistically induced anti-tumor activity in B-cell lymphoma through downregulation of PLK1 expression, suggested a new combination direction for the treatment of B-NHL and even BTK inhibitor-resistant patients.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

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