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1280 Deciphering Thrombosis Risk in Vexas Syndrome Patients through Thrombin Generation Assay Andthromboelastography

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 332. Thrombosis and Anticoagulation: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Bleeding and Clotting, Diseases, thrombotic disorders
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Mael Heiblig1*, Christophe Nougier2*, Jamilloux Yvan3*, Pierre Sujobert, MD, PhD4* and Yesim Dargaud5

1Hematology Department, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre-Bénite, France
2Hospices Civils de Lyon, Bron, FRA
3Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, FRA
4Laboratory of Hematology, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre Bénite, France
5Hemostasis Department, Hopital Louis Pradel, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Bron, France


VEXAS syndrome (for Vacuoles in myeloid progenitors, E1 ubiquitin ligase, X-linked, Autoinflammatory manifestations and Somatic) is the consequence of the clonal expansion of hematopoietic stem or progenitor cells with somatically acquired mutation of UBA1. VEXAS is a rare disease characterized by a variety of autoinflammatory manifestations and frequently associated with other hematological malignancies. Venous (VTE) and arterial thrombosis (AT) are recurrently observed in disease course and may affect up to 50% of patients. The exact pathophysiological mechanism underlying thrombosis genesis in UBA1mut patients is not yet elucidated. Thrombin generation assay (TGA) and thromboelastography (ROTEM) are global hemostasis assays that might be used to identify hemostatic profiles at risk of thrombosis (Ay C et al. J Clin Oncol 2011). In this study, we aimed to evaluate TGA and ROTEM as potential surrogate markers of clot formation in UBA1mut patients to predict their risk for thrombosis.


TGA and ROTEM assays were performed in UBA1mut patients between March 2022 and July 2023 , in Hospices Civils de Lyon, France. Patients were tested whether or not they had a personal history of VTE/AT. For patients already treated with oral anticoagulant interfering with exploratory assays, a temporary heparin switch was realized. TGA allows to evaluate concentration of generated thrombin through time, resulting in a dynamic thrombin generation curve, from which various parameters can be determined that describe thrombin activity, such as endogenous thrombin potential (ETP; area under the TG curve). Regarding ROTEM, analyses have been performed on citrated tubes using the ROTEM delta. For each test, the parameters CT (clotting time in seconds), A5 and A10 (measured clot amplitude at 5 and 10 minutes in mm), angle alpha (velocity in °), maximum clot firmness (in mm) and LI30 (% clot lysis at 30 minutes) have been measured.


We screened 15 UBA1mut patients, while only 14 were evaluable for TGA/ROTEM (1 patient excluded due to concomitant use of apixaban the day of TGA). Five out of 15 (33%) had an history of VTE (N=3) or AT (N=2) at the time of TGA/ROTEM blood tests. With a median follow-up of 11.8 months after hmostastic explorations, none of screened patients experienced VTE/AT. On the 14 evaluable patients, TGA/ROTEM exploration was performed in 4 of them at the time of diagnosis prior any treatment onset (including steroids). Active disease (defined by increased CRP and/or clinical manifestations) at the time of TGA did not influence significantly time to peak (mins), peak thrombin (nM) and endogeneous thrombin potential (ETP, nM. min) either in platelet rich- and platelet poor- plasma. Interestingly, patients with prior history of VTE/AT (N=4) had significantly higher ETP compared to those without thrombosis history (N=10) either in platelet rich- and platelet poor-plasmas. Moreover, UBA1mut patients without thrombosis history exhibited similar ETP values than controls (figure 1). There was no significant correlation between type of UBA1 mutation, UBA1 allelic frequency, concomitant MDS, type of treatment at the time of TGA assay. Regarding ROTEM analysis, there was no significant differences in clot formation between patients with or without thrombosis history in EXTEM, NATEM, and FIBTEM channels. However, in TEMACT channel (activation as in EXTEM but with a plasminogen activator), we observed higher MCF (Maximum Clot Firmness) in UBA1mut patients with prior history of VTE/AT (Figure 2). Acquired and inherited thrombophilia (protein C and S activities, lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipine antibodies, anti-beta2 GP1 antibodies, factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations, antithrombin evels) were explored in 8 out 15 of our patients. Two of them harbored lupus anticoagulant but without antiphospholipid antibodies. They do not have eitherthrombosis history or higher ETP levels.

Conclusions: Based on these preliminary results, TGA and more specifically ETP might identify UBA1mut patients at risk of VTE or AT. ROTEM identified an hypofibrinolytic phenotype UBA1mut patients with thrombosis history paving the way for future explorations. The small sample size and the retrospective (post-VTE/AT) nature of these explorations are main limitations of this study, which need to be confirmed with a larger follow-up.

Disclosures: Heiblig: Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria; AbbVie: Honoraria; Pfizer Inc.: Honoraria; Astellas: Honoraria; Servier: Honoraria.

*signifies non-member of ASH