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4283 PHI-101 As a Potent Next-Generation FLT3 Inhibitor, Overcome Resistances in Previously Treated Patients with FLT3-ITD or TKD Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Results of a Phase Ia/Ib Clinical Trial

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 616. Acute Myeloid Leukemias: Investigational Therapies, Excluding Transplantation and Cellular Immunotherapies: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Chemotherapy, drug development, Therapies
Monday, December 11, 2023, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Sung-Soo Yoon, MD, PhD1, Dongyeop Shin2*, Je-Hwan Lee, MD, PhD3, Jun Ho Jang, MD, PhD4, June-Won Cheong5, Ho-Jin Shin, MD6*, Jeong-Ok Lee, MD7, Yoo Jin Lee, DR8*, Joseph Clarey, DR9*, Gi-Jun Sung, PhD10*, Kyung-Ah Kim10*, Ky-Youb Nam, PhD11*, Kyu-Tae Kim, PhD10*, June Han, PhD10*, JeongHyeok Yoon, PhD10*, Bao Nguyen12*, Li Li, MD13* and Donald Small, MD, PhD12

1Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea
2Division of Hematology/Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
3Department of Hematology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
4Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
5Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
6Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea, Republic of (South)
7Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National Univ. Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-Si, None, KOR
8Division of Hemato-oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, Uisan, KOR
9ICON cancer centre, North Mackay, Australia
10Pharos iBio Co., Ltd., Anyang, Korea, Republic of (South)
11Pharos iBio Co., Ltd., Anyang, South Korea
12Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
13Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Med., Baltimore, MD


The FLT3 receptor is mutated in about 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients (pts) and has proven to be an attractive therapeutic target. The most prevalent alteration is internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane domain, and several FLT3 inhibitors (e.g. gilteritinib, quizartinib, midostaurin) succeddfully target this mutation. However, patients frequently relapse due to resistance to these FLT3 inhibitors after initial clinical responses, often caused by the secondary mutations observed in the kinase domain (TKD) region. PHI-101, an orally bioavailable novel small molecule, is a next-generation FLT3 inhibitor that shows a potent anti-leukemic activity in primary AML samples harboring several FLT3-resistance mutations in preclinical studies. Global Phase I clinical trials with PHI-101 (NCT04842370) are currently underway in refractory or relapsed (R/R) AML pts.

Study Design and Methods:

The open-label, multicenter AML clinical trial consists of phase Ia, dose-escalation, and phase Ib, dose-expansion, utilizing oral PHI-101 tablets as a single-agent with R/R AML pts. If dose-escalation concludes with no dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), dose-expansion proceeds upon recommendation from the Safety Monitoring Committee (SMC). Response assessments with PHI-101 were reported according to 2017 ELN guidelines. The variant allelic frequency of mutations of FLT3 and other AML-related mutations was analyzed using NGS with bone marrow aspirates collected from pts before and after PHI-101 treatment. Blood samples were collected to evaluate pharmacokinetics (PK) and the plasma inhibitory assay (PIA) using FLT3-mutant cell lines. Together, these assessments were considered to determine the recommended dose for expansion (RDE) in phase Ib trials.


Phase Ia clinical trials of PHI-101 was designed to evaluate for safety and tolerability at five dose levels ranging from 40 mg to 200 mg. A total of 13 R/R AML pts were enrolled in the phase Ia and no DLTs were reported from daily doses of PHI-101 during the 28-day cycle.

The target RDE at 160 mg was determined based on several considerations, including the PIA test achieving >85% inhibition of phosphor-FLT3, all available adverse events, PK data, and recommendation by the SMC.

As of May 2023, with 6 pts enrolled in phase Ib, a total of 19 pts (5 FLT3-wild type (26.3%) and 14 FLT3 mutated (73.7%)), have been treated with PHI-101. Thirteen pts (68.4%) had more than 3 prior anti-leukemic treatments. Twelve of 13 pts (92%) assessed for the leukemic blast evaluation achieved clinical responses—4 pts with composite complete remissions [CRc, including complete remission with incomplete hematological recovery (CRi) and morphological leukemia free state (MLFS)] within 1 cycle of PHI-101 treatment. Ten pts were R/R following previous treatment with other FLT3 inhibitors (gilteritinib, quizartinib, midostaurin, or HM43239). 88 % of these pts achieved clinical responses including 3 CRc and 1 partial response (PR). Notably, all 5 R/R pts after gilteritinib treatment had clinical responses that included 2 with CRc. In addition, a patient with both FLT3-ITD and TKD (D835E and N676K) mutations who was resistant to 3 different FLT3 inhibitor treatments achieved PR and continued PHI-101 treatment for 6 cycles. Among pts who received 160 mg of PHI-101, 4 pts (57.1%) responded: 2 (28.6%) achieved CRi, 1(14.3%) achieved MLFS, and 1 (14.3%) achieved PR.


In dose-escalating phase Ia clinical trials, PHI-101 was well tolerated at all dose levels with no DLTs. Phase Ib dose-expansion trials with 160 mg daily dosing are currently ongoing. PHI-101 has delivered CRcs at 120 mg and 160 mg. In this first-in-human, phase Ia/Ib trial of PHI-101, 92% of FLT3-wild or -mutated AML pts showed clinical responses even after having previously been treated with otherFLT3 inhibitors. More notably, 100% of pts who had relapsed after prior gilteritinib treatment showed clinical responses. The data from the clinical study of PHI-101to date demonstrates significant efficacy, particularly in R/R FLT3 mutant AML pts.

Disclosures: Sung: Pharos iBio Co., Ltd.: Current Employment. Kim: Pharos iBio Co., Ltd.: Current Employment. Nam: Pharos iBio Co., Ltd.: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Kim: Pharos iBio Co., Ltd.: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Han: Pharos iBio Co., Ltd.: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Yoon: Pharos iBio Co., Ltd.: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Small: Pharos I&BT Co: Consultancy; InSilico Medicine: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.

*signifies non-member of ASH