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2217 Patient Recorded Outcomes from a Randomized, Controlled Phase 2 Trial of E-Selectin Inhibition with Uproleselan Vs Placebo to Reduce GI Toxicity during Melphalan-Conditioned Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 731. Autologous Transplantation: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, Clinical Research
Saturday, December 9, 2023, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Meaghan Ryan, NP1*, Zachary David Crees, MD2, Michael Slade, MD, MSCI2, Mark A. Schroeder, MD2, Ravi Vij, MD, MBA2, Geoffrey L Uy, MD2 and Keith Stockerl-Goldstein, MD3

1Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO
2Division of Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO
3Washington University Internal Medicine, Saint Louis, MO


The use of high-dose melphalan conditioning followed by autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (AHCT) continues to be a key component in the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). However, high-dose melphalan is associated with a high rate of GI toxicity (>90%), which adversely impacts clinical outcomes and negatively influences patient quality of life (QoL). Indeed, it has been reported that AHCT leads to short-term deterioration of health-related QoL in patients with MM, and QoL typically improves by 2-3 months post-AHCT. Pre-clinical and clinical data suggest that E-selectin inhibition may play a role in reducing immune-mediated GI epithelial injury following cytotoxic chemotherapy. We hypothesized that uproleselan (upro), a synthetic, competitive E-selectin antagonist, may improve health-related QoL by reducing risk of chemotherapy-induced diarrhea in patients undergoing AHCT.


We conducted a Phase 2, single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients with MM receiving high-dose melphalan (200 mg/m2) as conditioning for AHCT for MM. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive prophylactic upro+standard of care (SoC) vs placebo+SoC. Uproleselan was given in 6 doses of 800 mg IV starting on day-3 through day 0. The primary endpoint was diarrhea severity as assessed by CTCAE v5.0 (secondary endpoint - Bristol Stool Scale). In addition, a key secondary endpoint was patient reported outcomes (PRO) of GI-related QoL using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) PRO-CTCAE Measurement System, a validated PRO tool developed to evaluate symptomatic toxicities in patients with cancer in clinical trials. Significance level of p<0.2 was pre-specified for all endpoints, per protocol. Patients were surveyed during the peri-transplant period at day-3 (baseline), day+8, and day+14 or day of discharge (DoD). Responses were graded on a scale of 1-5, with 1 indicating absence of symptoms or zero interference with daily activities and 5 indicating very severe symptoms or very significant interference with daily activities. GI-specific domains assessed included swallowing, mouth sores, appetite, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, bloating, abdominal pain, flatulence, and incontinence.


Fifty adult patients with MM were enrolled from 5/2021-10/2022. Baseline PRO symptoms were similar between the upro+SoC and placebo+SoC arms at baseline (day-3). By day+8 post-AHCT patients in the upro+SoC arm reported a significant improvement in severity of GI-related symptoms across 30% (6/20) of domains surveyed vs placebo+SoC (p=0.07-0.14). Furthermore, improvement in mouth sore-related symptoms continued to day+14 post-AHCT in the upro+SoC arm vs placebo+SoC (p=0.17). The remaining GI-related symptoms returned to baseline by D+14 or DoD (p>0.20). Also of note, a numerically lower mean diarrhea severity score and lower incidence of Grade 3 diarrhea (by CTCAE v5.0) was observed favoring upro+SOC which did not meet the pre-specified significance threshold (p=0.34, p=0.26, respectively). However, a significant reduction in severe diarrhea (by Bristol Stool Scale) was observed favoring upro+SoC (p=0.10) vs placebo+SoC, with improvement in the upro+SoC arm to mild diarrhea (p=0.02).


Upro+SoC resulted in a clinically significant improvement in GI-toxicity related symptoms as assessed via PRO-CTCAE in patients with MM undergoing melphalan-conditioned AHCT, when compared to placebo+SoC. These improvements in patient reported outcomes are further supported by data from the primary and additional secondary endpoints of the study. Taken together, these results suggest prophylactic E-selectin inhibition may represent a promising strategy to mitigate chemotherapy-associated GI-toxicity. Further studies are needed to verify these findings and to further define the optimal dosing of upro in the peri-AHCT period.

Disclosures: Crees: BioLineRx, Ltd.: Other: Advisory Board, Research Funding. Slade: SecuraBio: Research Funding. Schroeder: Kura: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sorrento therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Consultancy; Incyte: Honoraria; Novo nordisk: Consultancy; Marker Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Vij: Harpoon: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Legend: Honoraria; Karyopharm: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Honoraria, Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Research Funding. Uy: Jazz: Other: Advisory Board. Stockerl-Goldstein: Celgene: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH