Session: 704. Cellular Immunotherapies: Early Phase and Investigational Therapies: Novel Approaches to Enhance Cellular Therapies and Immune Responses in Leukemias and Lymphomas
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
adult, Biological therapies, ALL, Lymphoid Leukemias, clinical trials, Research, Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR)-T Cell Therapies, Clinical Research, Diseases, Therapies, young adult , Lymphoid Malignancies, Human, Study Population
The recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of WU-CART-007 is 900 million (M) cells administered on day 1 following lymphodepleting chemotherapy (LDC). Two different LDC regimens have been tested: standard LDC (fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day x 3 days and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2/day x 3 days), and enhanced LDC (eLDC; fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day x 4 days and cyclophosphamide 1000 mg/m2/day x 3 days). Disease response is assessed by Day 28 bone marrow (BM) aspirate/biopsy, and CT/PET, if applicable, per NCCN Guidelines Version 2.2022; Pharmacokinetics (PK) are measured by ddPCR; samples are collected for immunophenotyping by flow cytometry (FACS).
As of July 21, 2023, 18 pts have been dosed with WU-CART-007 (n = 11 T-ALL, n = 7 T-LBL); 3 with 100M (DL1), 3 with 300M (DL2), 6 with 600M (DL3), and 6 with 900M (DL4/RP2D) cells in a single infusion. A total of 15 pts received standard LDC while 3 received eLDC at the DL4/RP2D. Median age is 33.5 years (range 20-68). Pts were heavily pretreated with a median of 4 prior lines of therapy (range 2 – 7), 28% (5/18) relapsed following an allogeneic HSCT. Disease burden at baseline consisted of extramedullary disease (EMD) in 28% (5/18) of pts, and a median BM blast count of 60% (range 5-98%) in pts with BM disease (13/18). Overall WU-CART-007 demonstrated manageable safety profile; treatment-related adverse events of ≥ G3 were observed in 8/18 (44%) pts. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) was observed in 14/18 (78%) pts. Most (72%; 13/18) pts had G1-2 CRS events; a single G3 CRS event was reported which resolved within 72 hours after receiving tocilizumab, dexamethasone, and low-dose vasopressors. Grade 1 ICANS was reported in one patient at DL3, which resolved spontaneously. No GvHD, prolonged T-cell aplasia, or prolonged pancytopenia in the absence of disease were observed. One unrelated DLT lead to cohort expansion at DL3. The majority of deaths were due to disease progression. There were two Grade 5 events not attributed to WU-CART-007, both due to fungal infection.
WU-CART-007 showed dose-dependent anti-tumor activity with no responses seen at DL1. In evaluable patients at DL≥ 2 (n=12) Composite Complete Remission Rate (CRc; CR + CRi + CRh): 58% (86% MRDneg), median duration of response 12.3 weeks (1.1 – 29.4); two patients successfully received a consolidating allogeneic-HSCT. At the RP2D, the CRc rate was 60% (3/5; 2 CR, 1CRi). Molecular expansions of CAR-T cells peaked on day 10 in peripheral blood (mean 66,069 copies/ug DNA) and persisted out to day 56. Of all pts tested (n=15), none developed novel anti-HLA antibodies against the donor, and no anti-drug antibodies against the CAR-construct were detected. Phenotypic analysis revealed in vivo WU-CART-007 cells expressed activation markers (KI67, CD38, HLA-DR) and were largely an effector memory CD45RA+ (EMRA) CM phenotype (CD45RA+, CD197+).
WU-CART-007 has demonstrated an acceptable safety profile and preliminary evidence of anti-leukemic activity. This program advances CAR-T cell therapy in heavily pre-treated patients with R/R T-ALL/LBL. Enrollment is ongoing.
Disclosures: Ghobadi: Kite/Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; CRISPR Therapeutics: Consultancy; Wugen Inc: Consultancy; Genentech, Inc.: Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy; Atara: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding. Aldoss: Pfizer: Consultancy; Sobi: Consultancy; Jazz: Consultancy; KiTE: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria. Maude: Wugen: Research Funding; Novartis Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Patents & Royalties: PCT/US2017/044425: Combination Therapies of Car and PD-1 Inhibitors, Research Funding. Bajel: Amgen: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Pfizer: Honoraria; Abbvie: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Astellas: Honoraria; Gilead-Kite: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Jazz: Honoraria; Shoreline: Honoraria; Senti-Bio: Honoraria. Faramand: Kite: Research Funding; Gilead: Research Funding. Mattison: Nkarta: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Dholaria: Ellipsis pharma: Consultancy; Lumanity: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; Poseida: Research Funding; Poseida: Research Funding; Allovir: Research Funding; ADC therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria; Orca Bio: Research Funding; MEI: Research Funding; Molecular Templates: Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Research Funding; Arivan: Consultancy; Takeda: Research Funding; gamida cel: Consultancy; BEAM therapeutics: Consultancy; Pfizer: Research Funding; Wugen: Research Funding; Atara: Research Funding; Pluri Biotech: Consultancy; Boxer Capital: Consultancy; Gilead: Research Funding; NCI: Research Funding; Adicet: Research Funding; Angiocrine: Research Funding. Bakkacha: wugen: Current Employment. Muth: Wugen: Current Employment, Current equity holder in private company. Pannunzio: Wugen: Current Employment. Ramsey: Wugen: Current Employment. McNulty: Wugen: Current Employment. Cooper: Wugen: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Davidson-Moncada: Wugen: Current Employment, Current equity holder in private company. DiPersio: Macrogenics: Consultancy, Research Funding; NeoImmune Tech: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy, Research Funding; Sun Pharma Ltd.: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; hC Bioscience, Inc.: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Vertex: Consultancy; Washington University: Current Employment; WUGEN: Other: Ownership Investment, Patents & Royalties; Magenta: Other: Ownership Investment, Patents & Royalties; Amphivena Therapeutics: Research Funding; BiolineRx Ltd: Consultancy, Research Funding; RiverVest Venture Partners: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.
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