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72 Synthetic Control Arm from Clinical Trials and Real-World Data from Lysa Group for Untreated Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma Patients Aged over 80 Years: A Bona Fide Strategy for Innovative Clinical Trials

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 627. Aggressive Lymphomas: Clinical and Epidemiological: Real World Data on Outcomes and Treatment-Related Toxicity in B Cell NHL
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, Lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Clinical Research, B Cell lymphoma, Diseases, real-world evidence, aggressive lymphoma, Lymphoid Malignancies
Saturday, December 9, 2023: 10:45 AM

Valentin Letailleur1*, Isabelle Chaillol2*, Fanny Cherblanc, PhD2*, Herve Ghesquieres, MD, PhD3*, Frederic Peyrade, MD4*, Fabrice Jardin, MD PhD5*, Stephanie Guidez6*, Fontanet Delices Bijou, MD7, Pierre Sesques8*, Cédric Rossi, MD, PhD9, Luc Matthieu Fornecker10*, Ludovic Fouillet, MD11*, Sylvain Carras12* and Benoit Tessoulin1*

1Hematology Department, CHU Nantes, Nantes, France
2Lymphoma Academic Research Organisation, Lyon, France
3Hematology Department, Hopital Lyon Sud - HCL, Lyon, France
4Centre Antoine-Lacassagne, Nice, FRA
5Centre Henri-Becquerel and University of Rouen, Rouen, France
6CHU de Poitiers, Poitiers, France
7Institut Bergonié, Merignac, FRA
9CHU Dijon, Dijon, France
10Hematology, ICANS, Strasbourg, FRA
11Hematology department, CHU, Saint-Etienne, France
12Hematology, Univ. Grenoble Alpes. Institute For Advanced Biosciences (INSERM U1209, CNRS UMR 5309), University Hospital, La Tronche, France


Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common lymphoid malignancy among older patients (pts), and about 25% of new diagnoses involve population aged > 80y.o. Most clinical trials (CTs) exclude the very older (Kanapuru et al, 2017). Rituximab + miniCHOP is considered gold-standard for untreated DLBCL aged >80 y.o with an overall survival (OS) of ~60% at 2y and improving outcomes for this frail population is challenging. Synthetic control arms (SCA) may engender more innovative randomized trials, by allowing indirect comparisons with enhanced statistical confidence and by sparing a part of the control population. We present SCA built from CTs and real-world (RW) data, and their applications to a randomized phase 3 protocol in this clinical setting.


We used 3 CTs, with >80 y.o pts treated by anti-CD20+miniCHOP. Two phase 2 CTs for sourcing of SCA patients, LNH03-7B and LNH09-7B, which assessed efficacy of 6 anti-CD20+miniCHOP, preceded in the latter trial by pre-phase treatment, reducing early non-disease related mortality (Peyrade F. et al, 2011 and 2017). SENIOR trial was a phase III randomized trial comparing 6 R-miniCHOP to R-miniCHOP+Lenalidomide, showing no differences in terms of OS (HR= 0.996, 95% CI= 0.66-1.51) (Oberic L. et al, 2022). We further used prospective REALYSA cohort (Ghesquières et al, 2021) with enrolled pts with at least 18 months follow-up and treated by R-miniCHOP as RW pool. We excluded non-compliant diagnoses, as well as early deaths within 3 first months of follow-up from CTs, to avoid the bias for absence of pre-phase from LNH03-7B trial. First step was to build SCA matched with internal SENIOR control arm to check reproducibility of pts outcomes. Then, SENIOR experimental arm was used as the matching source for SCA constructions.

Propensity scores (PS) were estimated for each pt using relevant baseline covariates as described in Figure 1. If data was missing, CTs pts were excluded. For RW pts, multiple imputations method was used. Pts between groups were matched using stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) method, the probability of treatment being assessed by PS, after removing pts with extreme PS from analyses. We subsequently performed sensitivity analyses using 1 : 1 PS matching (PSM). Standardized mean differences (SMD) were calculated for each covariate to assess matching efficacy. The endpoint was OS.


Control SCAs matched to SENIOR internal control arm have no significant different OS with an HR of 0.81 (95%CI= 0.51-1.27, p = 0.397) using CTs data and an HR of 1.00 (95% CI= 0.62-1.61, p = 0.998) using RW data, with stabilized IPTW.

PS set is the baseline population after applying exclusion criteria and including only pts for whom PS could be assessed. For SCA-CT, PS set was composed of 91 pts from experimental SENIOR arm and 169 from LNH03-7B and LNH09-7B. Thirty one pts were excluded for early death, mostly not disease-related. IPTW and PSM methods were both efficient with all SMD <0.10. With SCA-CT, OS curves comparison with stabilized IPTW was very close to SENIOR results: HR of 0.98 (95%CI= 0.643-1.492, p=0.93) (Figure 2).
For SCA-RW, PS set included 104 pts from SENIOR experimental arm and 93 from REALYSA database. All SMD were below 0.10 with IPTW and all but one were below 0.15 with PSM. Regarding the outcome analysis, censorship was chosen at 24 months of follow-up as too few patients were still at risk. OS was not significantly different with an HR of 0.84 (95%CI=0.51-1.39, p= 0.551) with stabilized IPTW.
Sensitivity analyses with PSM, for SCA-CT and SCA-RW are consistent with results after IPTW, but exclusion process for matching led to a loss of power (84 pts in each arm for SCA-CT and 71 pts in each arm for SCA-RW)


We demonstrated that well matched SCAs built from historical CTs data can achieve a high level of confidence to replicate randomized phase III results in DLBCL pts >80 y.o. We replicated with a SCA the internal control arm with similar OS comparisons (HR= 0.996 (95% CI= 0.66-1.51) for SENIOR, HR= 0.98 (95% CI = 0.643-1.492) for SCA-CT).

Matching procedures with RWD patients were also efficient, and SCA-RW OS behaved the same way as SCA-CT and internal control arm of SENIOR trial. The loss of power due to the pool shrinkage for matching procedures could be limited by mixing 50%/50% pts from internal control arm and historical CTs pts. These complementary data will be presented during the meeting.

Disclosures: Ghesquieres: Gilead, Roche, Bristol Myers Squibb, AbbVie, Novartis: Honoraria; Gilead, Roche: Consultancy. Jardin: Janssen, Gilead, AbbVie, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, BMS, Takeda: Honoraria. Sesques: KITE/GILEAD , BMS, JANSSEN, NOVARTIS, CHUGAI: Consultancy. Carras: Janssen Cilag: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: travel fees, Research Funding; Beigene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Other: Travelfees; Astrazeneca: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Kitegilead: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Tessoulin: Incyte: Honoraria; Kite: Honoraria; Abbvie: Honoraria; Gilead: Honoraria.

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