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2359 Treatment with Resveratrol Reverses Priapism in the Sickle Cell Mouse

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 113. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia: Basic and Translational: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, Fundamental Science, Sickle Cell Disease, Hemoglobinopathies, drug development, Diseases, Therapies
Sunday, December 11, 2022, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Fabio H Silva1*, Carolina Oliveira Splendore1*, Fabiano B Calmasini, PhD2* and Fernando Ferreira Costa, M.D., Ph.D.3

1Sao Francisco University, Braganca Paulista, Brazil
2University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
3Hematology and Hemotherapy Center, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil

Introduction: Sickle cell disease (SCD) men display priapism. Townes and Berkeley SCD mice models are widely studied in basic sciences because they express 100% HbS in their circulating erythrocytes and exhibit features of priapism, and, as in SCD humans, this appears to be due to decreased nitric oxide (NO) signaling and increased oxidative stress, which leads to lower PDE5 in the penis. Thus, when an erectile stimulus occurs in vivo, cGMP accumulates into the cavernosal smooth muscle cells, rendering the penile vasculature uncontrollably dilated, and penile erection persists (i.e., priapism) as cGMP is not degraded as a consequence of PDE5 downregulation. Moreover, oxidative/nitrosative stress has been associated with priapism in SCD mice. Resveratrol (trans-3,5,4′-trihydroxystilbene) is a natural phytoalexin product with potent antioxidant activity found in peanuts, berries, and grapes. In this study, since decreased NO bioavailability and increased oxidative stress leads to lower PDE5 in the penis, we aimed to evaluate the effects of resveratrol on functional and molecular alterations of erectile function in SCD mice. We have focused on the dysregulated NO-cGMP-PDE5 pathway and oxidative/nitrosative stress markers (4-HNE and 3-nitrotyrosine) in the erectile tissue of SCD.

Methods: Wild type (WT, C57BL/6) and Townes SCD transgenic male mice (3-5 mo old) were treated with resveratrol (100 mg /kg/day) or its vehicle daily for two weeks via gavage. Corpus cavernosum (CC) strips were mounted in isolated organ baths, and the relaxing responses to acetylcholine (ACh; endothelium-dependent response) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP; endothelium-independent response), as well as electrical-field stimulation (EFS; nitrergic relaxation), were obtained in CC strips precontracted with the α1-adrenergic receptor agonist phenylephrine (3-10 µM).

Results: The cumulative addition of ACh (0.001–10 µM) produced concentration-dependent CC relaxations in WT and SCD groups, but the ACh potency (pEC50) value was higher (P<0.05) in CC of SCD compared to WT mice, which was reversed by resveratrol. Likewise, the nitrergic relaxation induced by EFS was also higher (P<0.05) in SCD mice compared to control mice (4 Hz: 30 ± 8 and 80 ± 5 %, respectively; n=5), which was reversed by resveratrol treatment. Similarly, SNP (0.01– 10 µM) produced concentration-dependent CC relaxations in WT and SCD groups, but, again, the maximal relaxations elicited by this agent were higher (P<0.05) in SCD (90 ± 1%) group compared to the WT mice (65 ± 6%), which were fully restored to WT values with resveratrol treatment (n=6). The mRNA expression for the PDE5 was reduced (P<0.05) by approximately 57% in penile tissues from SCD compared to the WT group, respectively. Resveratrol treatment restored (P<0.05) the mRNA expression of PDE5 in the penises from the SCD group (n=5-6). The protein expressions for 4-HNE and 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) were significantly higher (P<0.05) in erectile tissues from SCD compared to the WT group, which were reduced (P<0.05) by resveratrol treatment (n=6). In WT mice, PDE5, 4-HNE, and 3-NT protein expressions were not affected by resveratrol, as well as CC relaxations induced by ACh, SNP, and EFS.

Conclusion: Resveratrol treatment reduced enhanced NO-mediated CC relaxations along with normalization of PDE5 expression and reduced oxidative stress markers expressions (3-NT and 4-HNE) in the penises from SCD. Therefore, resveratrol may constitute an additional strategy to prevent priapism in SCD.

Financial Support: FAPESP.

Disclosures: Costa: Global Blood Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Honoraria; Global Survey HCP Steering Committee for Global Blood Therapeutics (GBT): Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH