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3070 Molecular Landscape of Myeloid Neoplasms with Der(1;7)(q10;p10)

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 636. Myelodysplastic Syndromes—Basic and Translational: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Fundamental Science, Research, Diseases, Myeloid Malignancies
Sunday, December 11, 2022, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Rurika Okuda, MSc, BS1*, Yotaro Ochi, MD, PhD1*, Kazuhisa Chonabayashi, MD, PhD2,3*, Nobuhiro Hiramoto, M.D.4*, Masashi Sanada, MD, PhD1,5, Hiroshi Handa, MD, PhD6, Senji Kasahara7, Shinya Sato, MD8*, Nobuhiro Kanemura, MD, PhD9, Toshiyuki Kitano, MD, PhD10*, Mizuki Watanabe, MD3*, Wolfgang Kern, MD11, Maria Creignou12*, Yuichi Shiraishi, PhD13*, Mitsumasa Watanabe, MD, PhD14*, Kensuke Usuki, MD, PhD15, Shinsaku Imashuku, MD, PhD16*, Eva Hellström-Lindberg, MD, PhD12, Torsten Haferlach, MD11, Shigeru Chiba, MD, PhD17, Nobuo Sezaki18*, Lee-Yung Shih, MD19, Yasushi Miyazaki, MD8, Yoshinori Yoshida, MD, PhD2*, Takayuki Ishikawa4, Kazuma Ohyashiki, MD, PhD20, Yoshiko Atsuta21*, Yusuke Shiozawa, MD, PhD1*, Satoru Miyano, PhD13,22*, Hideki Makishima, MD, PhD1, Yasuhito Nannya, M.D., Ph.D.1 and Seishi Ogawa, MD, PhD1,12,23

1Department of Pathology and Tumor Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto City, Japan
2Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
3Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
4Department of Hematology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan
5Clinical Research Center, National Hospital Organization Nagoya Medical Center, Nagoya, Japan
6Department of Hematology, Gunma University Hospital, Maebashi, Japan
7Department of Hematology, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Gifu, Japan
8Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group, Tokyo, Japan
9Department of Internal Medicine, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan
10Department of Hematology, Kitano Hospital, Osaka, Japan
11MLL Munich Leukemia Laboratory, Munich, Germany
12Center for Hematology and Regenerative Medicine, Department of Medicine (MedH), Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
13Laboratory of Sequence Data Analysis, Human Genome Center, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
14Department of Hematology, Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki General Medical Center, Hyogo, Japan
15Department of Hematology, NTT Medical Center Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
16Department of Laboratory Medicine, Uji-Tokushukai Medical Center, Uji, Japan
17Department of Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
18Department of Hematology, Chugoku Central Hospital, Fukuyama, Japan
19Division of Hematology-Oncology, Chang Gung University, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
20Department of Hematology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
21Japanese Data Center for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Nagakute, Japan
22Laboratory of DNA Information Analysis, Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
23Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Biology (WPI-ASHBi), Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Background: Der(1;7)(q10;p10) ((der(1;7)) is a derivative chromosome comprising 7p and 1q, accounting for approximately 1.5-6% of patients with MDS and AML. It is generated by an unbalanced translocation between chrs. 1 and 7, which results in +1q and -7q. Compared to other cases with -7/del(7q) which do not accompany +1q, der(1;7)(+) cases are reported to have a higher frequency of RUNX1 mutations and fewer TP53 mutations, and showed a better prognosis. However, the small number of cases enrolled and the lack of comprehensive analysis of driver mutations and transcriptome analysis in previous studies have prevented more detailed molecular characterization of der(1;7)(+) MDS/AML.

Methods: We enrolled 148 cases with der(1;7) and analyzed their genetic profile using whole exome and/or targeted-capture sequencing as well as RNA-sequencing (N=10) and ATAC-sequencing (n=3). To establish the distinct characteristics of der(1;7)(+) we enrolled an additional 3,238 der(1;7)(-) myeloid neoplasm cases.

Results: Highly skewed to male, der(1;7) was widely observed across different subtypes of myeloid neoplasms but it was more prevalent in MDS (107/1106, 9.7%) than AML (35/1466, 2.4%) or MDS/MPN (5/130, 3.8%) cases, while rarely found in MPN cases. Der(1;7)(+) AML cases were more frequently derived from MDS or therapy-related than those with -7/del(7q). Targeted-capture sequencing revealed that the profile of driver mutations and copy number alterations (CNAs) substantially differed between cases with der(1;7), -7/del(7q), +1q, and other cases, even after corrected for diagnosis. RUNX1 (37.8%), EZH2 (18.9%) and ETNK1 (18.2%) were more frequently mutated in der(1;7)(+) than other cases (OR=6.13-22.2), whereas TP53 mutations were less common in der(1;7)(+) cases compared to -7/del(7q). +8 and del(20q) were very common in der(1;7)(+) cases (18.9% and 37.4% respectively), compared to those with -7/der(7q),+1q, or other cases. Prognosis of der(1;7)(+) cases was slightly better than that of -7/del(7q) cases (HR=0.71, p=0.098), but worse than +1q cases (HR=1.36, p=0.11) and others cases (HR=1.8, p<0.001). The most frequent cause of deaths in der(1;7)(+) cases was infection (45.5%), followed by disease progression (36.4%), showing a sharp contrast to the cases with -7/del(7q) (13.9% and 72.3%, respectively) and other cases (10.8% and 76.9%, respectively). RNA-sequencing analysis revealed 1,463 differentially expressed genes in der(1;7) MDS cases compared to non-der(1;7) MDS cases. In GSEA analysis, significantly down-regulated pathways were related to cell cycles, innate immunity and TNFα signaling via NFκB. ATAC-seq analysis identified a total of 53,248 peaks, of which 2,243 were significantly upregulated in der(1;7)(+) samples. GATA family motifs were most significantly enriched in upregulated peaks, compared to other motifs. Footprint analysis further revealed that GATA transcription factors were predicted to bound to more peaks in der(1;7)(+) than der(1;7)(-). Consistent with this, expression of GATA2 downstream genes were significantly upregulated in der(1;7)(+) cases, suggesting the role of deregulated GATA2 downstream transcription in the pathogenesis of der(1;7)(+) MDS.

Conclusion: Der(1;7)(+) defines a distinct subset of myeloid neoplasms characterized by a unique co-mutation patter, gene expression, and clinical features. Deregulated ETNK1 and GATA2 signaling might play a role in the pathogenesis of der(1;7)(+) myeloid neoplasms. Infections and other non-leukemic complications are the major cause of mortality in der(1;7)(+) cases and should be carefully monitored during their clinical course. Taken together, our findings provide new insight into the understanding of der(1;7)(+) myeloid neoplasms.

Disclosures: Sanada: Otsuka pharmaceutical: Research Funding. Kern: MLL Munich Leukemia Laboratory: Current Employment, Other: Ownership. Usuki: Yakult: Honoraria, Research Funding; Mundi: Research Funding; Sumitomo-Dainippon: Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria; Eisai: Honoraria, Research Funding; Chugai: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Ono: Honoraria, Research Funding; Bristo-Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding; Kyowa-Kirin: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Alexion: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Astellas-Amgen-Biopharma: Research Funding; Otsuka: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; SymBio: Consultancy, Research Funding; Apellis Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding; SynBio: Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Nippon Shinyaku: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Honoraria, Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Honoraria, Research Funding; MSD: Honoraria, Research Funding; Gilead: Research Funding; Pfizer: Honoraria, Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; Astellas: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Haferlach: Munich Leukemia Laboratory: Current Employment, Other: Part ownership. Chiba: Astellas Pharma Inc.: Research Funding; Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd.: Research Funding; Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.: Research Funding; Thyas Co., Ltd.: Research Funding; Bayer Yakuhin Ltd.: Research Funding; Eisai Co., Ltd.: Research Funding. Shih: PharmaEssentia: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis (Taiwan): Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS (Taiwan): Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Miyazaki: Nippon Shinyaku: Honoraria; Otsuka Pharmaceutical: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria; Kyowa-Kirin: Honoraria; Bristol-Myers: Honoraria; Chugai: Honoraria; SyinBio: Honoraria; Dainippon-Sumitomo Pharma: Honoraria, Research Funding; Astellas: Honoraria; Abbvie: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Daiichi-Sankyo: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Janssen Pharmaceutical: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria. Atsuta: Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd: Honoraria; AbbVie GK: Honoraria; Novartis Pharma KK: Honoraria; Astellas Pharma Inc.: Honoraria; Mochida Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.: Honoraria; Meiji Seika Pharma Co, Ltd.: Honoraria. Nannya: Nippon Shinyaku: Speakers Bureau; Asahi Kasei Pharma: Speakers Bureau; Kyowa-Kirin: Speakers Bureau; Fuji Pharma: Honoraria; Novartis: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Astrazeneca: Speakers Bureau; Sumitomo Pharma: Speakers Bureau; Chugai Pharmaceutical: Speakers Bureau; Pfizer: Speakers Bureau; Takeda Pharmaceutical Company: Speakers Bureau; Janssen Pharmaceutical: Speakers Bureau; Filgen: Speakers Bureau; Otsuka Pharmaceutical: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Bristol Myers Squibb: Speakers Bureau; Daiichi Sankyo RD Novare: Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd: Research Funding. Ogawa: 2013-526957 (JP02): Patents & Royalties; 2013-096582 (JP01): Patents & Royalties; 2015-239547: Patents & Royalties; PCT/JP2014/062112 (WO01): Patents & Royalties; 15/353395 (US03): Patents & Royalties; Esai Pharmatheutical: Consultancy; Pfaizer: Speakers Bureau; DaiichiSankyo: Speakers Bureau; Astellas: Speakers Bureau; Nanpu Hospital: Research Funding; ASAHI Genomics: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Otsuka Pharmatheutical: Research Funding; MSD: Speakers Bureau; Clinical Research Support Center Kyushu: Research Funding; Kirin/Chugai: Speakers Bureau; The Chemo-Sero-Therapeutic Research Institute: Speakers Bureau; Astrazeneca: Speakers Bureau; 62/187386 (US01): Patents & Royalties; 2014-191287: Patents & Royalties; The Mitsubishi foundation: Honoraria; Sysmex: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Chordia Threapeutics: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH