Session: 301. Vasculature, Endothelium, Thrombosis and Platelets: Basic and Translational: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, Fundamental Science, Biological Processes
The puncture wound thrombi form in the relatively small volume of the immediate wound site. In contrast, occlusive clots fill the cylindrical volume of the vessel. To us, the overall structure of the wound thrombi suggested a predictive hypothesis for induced occlusive clotting. We propose that 1) the exposed intima lining the arterial vessel wall provides a cylindrical substratum for the generation of a tightly adherent platelet layer anchoring the forming clot and 2) the central volume of the clot resembles the intravascular crown of the puncture wound thrombus. Hence, the prediction of a central volume of the occlusive clot consisting of loosely adherent to discoid shaped platelets. That was result found for FeCl3 induced femoral clots by wide area-TEM (WA-TEM) i.e., a central volume rich in discoid shaped platelet and few red blood cells were trapped in the tightly adherent rim of the clot.. Using sequential block face SEM, we have begun to image and volume render carotid clots by sequential block face SEM. Analysis of 5,000 sequential images from the downstream half of the carotid clot, showed that the structure gradually tapered in a conical manner and contains few red blood cells. We propose that there are indeed organizational themes shared by the puncture wound thrombus in venous or arterial settings and the occlusive clot in which vascular damage is restricted to the endothelial cell layer.
Work was supported by NIH grants (BS) R01 HL155519 and P20 HL146373 (Joel Bennett, principal investigator), R35 HL150118 (SWW) and by intramural NIBIB research program (RDL).
An occlusive FeCl3 clot in the carotid artery of a C57BL/6 mouse imaged by sequential block face SEM over a length of 1.2 millimeters. A. cross section of the clot 200 microns in from the mid-occlusion starting point for sectioning. B. Zoom of A) to illustrate the low level of trapped red blood cells within the clot. C. cross section of the clot 900 microns in from the starting point showing how the clot has now tapered down and fills a minor portion of the artery. D. Rendering of 1.2 millimeters of the clot (blue), vessel wall (green) and in gray a single plane image. Flow was from left to right. Note that the clot progressively tapers to a point in the downstream direction.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
See more of: Oral and Poster Abstracts