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1209 Novel Evidence That Pineal Gland Hormone Melatonin Inhibits Migration of Hematopoietic Stem/Progenitor Cells (HSPCs) By Inhibiting Nlrp3 Inflammasome and Upregulating Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) - Implications to Understand Better Diurnal Trafficking of HSPCs and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Melatonin

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 501. Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells and Hematopoiesis: Basic and Translational: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, Fundamental Science, hematopoiesis, immunology, Biological Processes
Saturday, December 10, 2022, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Ahmed Abdelbaset-Ismail, PhD1*, Arjun Thapa, PhD2*, Janina Ratajczak, MD, PhD3, Magda Kucia, PhD, DSci4,5 and Mariusz Z Ratajczak, MD, PhD, DSci3,4

1Stem Cell Institute at JGB CC, University of Louisville, Louisville
2Stem Cell Program at JGB Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY
3Stem Cell Institute at JGB CC, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY
4Department of Regenerative Medicine, Warsaw Medical University, Warsaw, Poland
5Stem Cell Institute, University Of Louisville Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, KY

Background. Hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPCs) follow the diurnal circulation rhythm in peripheral blood (PB) with nadir during late night and pick at early morning hours. We have reported that the level of these cells in PB correlates with activation of innate immunity pathways, including complement cascade (ComC) (Stem Cell Rev Rep. 2018;14(5):677-685) that drives activation of Nlrp3 inflammasome (Stem Cell Rev Rep. 2020;16(2):335-343). Therefore, mice both in defective ComC activation as well as Nlrp3 inflammasome do not show typical changes in the diurnal level of circulating HSPCs. Cell migration is also inhibited by the anti-inflammatory enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which inhibits Nlrp3 inflammasome (Leukemia. 2022;36(1):23-32). It is well known that circadian rhythm is regulated by the release of melatonin from the pineal gland, which also has some anti-inflammatory effects (J. Pineal Res. 2018;65:e12525). Aim of the study. Since stem cell trafficking is driven by innate immunity-induced sterile inflammation and melatonin has an anti-inflammatory effect, we hypothesized that melatonin could negatively impact the release of HSPCs from bone marrow (BM) into PB by inhibiting Nlrp3 inflammasome activation. Materials and Methods. To test this hypothesis, first, we tested the expression of melatonin receptors in murine and human HSPCs. We employed Transwell system to see the effect of melatonin on the migration of human and murine HSPCs to the SDF-1 gradient. Next, we performed pharmacological mobilization of normal mice with G-CSF or AMD3100 in the presence of melatonin. Finally, employing Glow assay, we evaluated the effect of melatonin on activation of Nlrp3 inflammasome in HSPCs stimulated by BM chemotactic factors and the effect of melatonin on expression of migration inhibitory HO-1. Since membrane lipid rafts (MLRs) are crucial for the proper response of cells to chemoattractants, we also evaluated the effect of melatonin on the expression of enzymes (SREBP2, HMGCs, and HMGCR) involved in the synthesis of cholesterol and sphingolipids that are major constituents of MLRs. Results. We noticed that HSPCs express melatonin receptors, and melatonin inhibits in vitro Transwell assays migration of HSPCs and negatively affects mobilization of these cells into PB in response to G-CSF and AMD3100 administration. We also observed that melatonin inhibits Nlrp3 inflammasome activation and the formation of MLRs. This is explained by a decrease in the expression of enzymes such as SREBP2, HMGCs, and HMGCR involved in cholesterol synthesis leading to impaired formation of MLRs. Moreover, melatonin increases in HSPCs expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), that is a known inhibitor of Nlrp3 inflammasome and a negative regulator of cell migration. Conclusions. We provide for the first-time evidence that melatonin being a ‘’sleep regulating pineal hormone’’ directly inhibits migration of HSPCs in vitro assays and in vivo their release from BM in response to G-CSF and AMD3100. This is correlated with inhibition of cholesterol synthesis, which results in defective assembly of MLRs, as well as a decrease in Nlrp3 inflammasome activity and an increase in expression of HO-1. Since melatonin is a commonly used shelf drug, this should be considered while preparing a patient for the procedure of HSPCs mobilization. More importantly, our studies shed more light on molecular mechanisms of melatonin involvement in the diurnal circulation of HSPCs.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

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