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822 Novel Evidence That Intracellular Complement Network (complosome) Is Expressed in Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSPCs) and Regulates Their Trafficking, Metabolism, and Proliferation in an Intracrine-Dependent Manner By Engaging Pattern Recognition Receptor Nlrp3 Inflammasome

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 501. Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells and Hematopoiesis: Basic and Translational: Basic and Developmental
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, Fundamental Science, immune mechanism, metabolism, Biological Processes
Monday, December 12, 2022: 4:00 PM

Vira Chumak, PhD1*, Andrzej Ciechanowicz, PhD2*, Mateusz Adamiak, PhD2*, Arjun Thapa, PhD3*, Ahmed Abdelbaset-Ismail, PhD4*, Kamila Bujko, MSc1*, Janina Ratajczak, MD, PhD5, Magda Kucia, PhD, DSci2,6 and Mariusz Z Ratajczak, MD, PhD, DSci2,5

1Warsaw Medical University, Department of Regenerative Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
2Department of Regenerative Medicine, Warsaw Medical University, Warsaw, Poland
3Stem Cell Program at JGB Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY
4Stem Cell Institute at JGB CC, University of Louisville, Louisville
5Stem Cell Institute at JGB CC, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY
6Stem Cell Institute, University Of Louisville Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, KY

Background. Complement cascade (ComC) proteins, including C3 and C5 components, are synthesized in the liver; however, recent reports indicate their expression in lymphocytes as well (Immunity 2020;52(3):513-527). Accordingly, intracellular ComC proteins have been reported to be cleaved to active C3a and C5a mediators that interact with corresponding receptors in an intracrine-depended manner. This novel regulatory loop operating in lymphocytes has been named ‘’complosome’’. Aim of the study. Because hematopoiesis and lymphopoiesis have a common stem cell origin and similar mechanisms are involved in regulating the biology of both lineages, we asked if complosome is also expressed and functional in normal murine hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPCs). We also address a challenging question if intracellular ComC mediators could activate pattern recognition receptor Nlrp3 inflammasome that, as we reported, regulates trafficking, proliferation and metabolism of HSPCs (Leukemia 2022;36(1):23-32; Stem Cell Rev Rep. 2020 16(5):954-967). Materials and Methods. First, we phenotyped purified murine and human HSPCs for expression of major complement elements, including C3, C5, C3aR, C5aR, and cathepsin L that cleaves intracellular C3 to C3a. Next, we focused on a crucial distal executive part of ComC, protein C5, and evaluated in C5-KO and C5aR-KO mice the number of HSPCs and their clonogeneic potential. We also studied hematopoietic recovery of these animals after sublethal irradiation (650 cGy). Activation of Nlrp3 inflammasome in C5a-KO and C5aR-KO in response to hematopoietic growth factors and cytokines was evaluated by immunofluorescence Glow assay. We also studied homing and engraftment of C5-KO and C5aR-KO mice-derived HSPCs transplanted into normal WT recipients. Finally, we performed a metabolomic analysis of C5-KO, C5aR-KO, and control WT mice in steady-state conditions and after stimulation with selected hematopoietic growth factors and cytokines. Results. We show for the first time that purified murine and human HSPCs express complosome elements, including C3, C5, C3aR, C5aR, and cathepsin L. Next, C5-KO and C5aR-KO mice also have a lower number of HSPCs and clonogenic progenitors in bone marrow (BM), and display defect of hematopoietic recovery from sublethal irradiation. Furthermore, BM cells isolated from these animals had impaired homing and engraftment in normal WT recipients, supported by the observation that HSPCs from complosome deficient mice had a defect in migration to stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), which correlated with decreased activation of Nlrp3 inflammasome. This defect could be alleviated by direct activation of Nlrp3 inflammasome by nigericin. Finally, our metabolic studies revealed a defect in glucose, amino acids, and lipid metabolism in C5-KO and C5aR-KO mice which correlates with complosome deficiency and Nlrp3 inflammasome activation. Conclusions. We provide for the first time evidence that complosome is expressed and functional in normal HSPCs and by engaging Nlrp3 inflammasome regulates metabolism, proliferation, and migration of HSPCs. Thus, our data sheds new intriguing light on innate immunity as a regulator of hematopoiesis that involves intracellular activation of Nlrp3 inflammasome. We currently focus on Nlrp3 inflammasome-released alarmins released from the cells in response to complosome-Nlrp3 inflammasome activation that accounts for observed phenomena. These studies are essential to develop more efficient ex vivo expansion strategies of HSPCs and to understand better intrinsic mechanisms that regulate metabolism of these cells.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

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