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1881 Belantamab Mafodotin in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma Included in the Compassionate Use or the Expanded Access Program. Experience with a Spanish Cohort

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 652. Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Dyscrasias: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological therapies, Antibody Therapy, Plasma Cell Disorders, Diseases, Therapies, Immunotherapy, Lymphoid Malignancies, Monoclonal Antibody Therapy
Saturday, December 10, 2022, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Javier De La Rubia, MD, PhD1*, Rafael Alonso2*, Maria Esther Clavero Sanchez3*, Elham Askari, MD4*, Alfonso García de Coca, MD, PhD5*, Ana Maldonado, MD6*, Margarita Fernandez De La Mata7*, Fernando Escalante, MD8,9*, Ana Garcia-Feria10,11*, Rafael Rios, MD, PhD12*, Venancio Conesa13*, Maria Aranzazu Bermudez14*, Beatriz Merchan15*, Alberto Velasco, MD16*, María Jesús Blanchard, MD17*, Antonia Sampol, MD18,19, Eukene Gainza González, MD20*, Pedro M Hernandez21*, Veronica Gonzalez-Calle, MD, PhD22,23* and Adrian Alegre, MD, PhD24,25

1Hematology Department, Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe, Catholic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
2Hematology, Hospital Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
3Hematology, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, ESP
4Department of Hematology, Fundacion Jimenez Diaz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
5Servicio de Hematología, Hospital Clínico, Valladolid, Spain
6Hospital Morales Meseguer, IMIB-Arrixaca, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
7Hospital Reina Sofia, Córdoba, Spain
8Hematology Department, Hospital Universitario de León, León, Spain
9Hospital Universitario de León, León, Spain
10Hematology, Hospital Dr. Peset, Valencia, Spain
11Hematology, HOSPITAL Dr. PESET, Valencia, Valencia, ESP
12Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Madrid, Spain
13HGU de Elche, Alicante, Spain
14Hospital Universitario Marques De Valdecilla, Santander, ESP
15Hospital U. de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain
16Hematology, Hospital Rey Juan Carlos, Móstoles, Spain
17Hematology Service, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
18Hospital Universitario Son Espases, Palma De Mallorca, ESP
19Department of Hematology, Hospital Universitari Son Espases, IdISBa, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
20Hospital Universitario de Galdakao - Usansolo / Servicio de Hematología y Hemoterapia, Osakidetza - Servicio Vasco de Salud, Galdakao, Spain
21Hematology, Hospital U San Pedro, Logroño, Spain
22Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Instituto de Investigacion Biomedica de Salamanca (IBSAL), Centro de Investigación del Cancer (IBMCC-USAL, CSIC), Salamanca, Spain
23Departamento De Hematología, Hospital Universitario De Salamanca (HUSAL),, Salamanca, ESP
24Hospital Universitario La Princesa, Madrid, Spain
25Univeritary Hospital La Princesa, Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Background. Treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) has improved with novel therapies emerged in the last decade. However, patients refractory to treatment with standard drug classes including proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, and anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies (RRMM patients) still constitute an unmet medical need, with median survival ranges no longer than 9 months (Richardson et al, 2007). Belantamab Mafodotin (Belamaf) is a novel anti-BCMA antibody conjugated to microtubule-disrupting agent monomethyl auristatin F. Belamaf showed anti-myeloma activity with an acceptable safety profile in RRMM patients in phase 1 (Trudel et al, 2019) and phase 2 trials (Lonial et al, 2020 & 2021). Belamaf is the first antibody drug conjugate approved in RRMM patients and real-life evaluations are needed. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of Belamaf administered as monotherapy in a cohort of Spanish RRMM patients.

Methods. An observational, retrospective and multicenter study was performed. RRMM patients who received at least one dose of Belamaf within compassionate use or expanded access programs in Spain between November 2019 and June 2021 were included. Researchers entered medical records in case report forms distributed to the participating sites. The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints were: overall survival (OS); duration of response (DoR); progression free survival (PFS); ocular and non-ocular treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) of any grade whose incidence was ≥15%, and those of grade ≥3 whose incidence was ≥5%.

Results. One hundred and twenty-six patients from 59 hospitals, 67 of whom (53.2%) were women, were recruited. At MM diagnosis, median (range) age was 70 (39-89) years, and 27% of patients had R-ISS III. At study entry, 88% of patients were triple-class refractory. The median number of prior therapy lines was 5 (range, 1-10), and 67% of patients had received an autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Table 1). The median follow-up was 13 months. ORR was achieved in 52 (41.3%) patients. Thirty (23.8%) patients achieved at least very good partial response, and 11 (8.7%) and 7 (5.6%) patients showed complete response and stringent complete response, respectively. DoR and PFS were 9.6 (3.6-15.7) and 3.5 (2.4-4.7) months, respectively [median (95% CI)] Median OS was 11.1 months (8.3-13.9 months]) (Table 2).

Disease progression was the most common reason for treatment discontinuation (69 patients), while 5 (5%) patients discontinued Belamaf due to adverse events (1 due to the keratopathy). Seventy (55.6%) patients had at least one ocular TEAE. Keratopathy, which was reported in 64 (50.8%) patients, was the most commonly found ocular TEAE. Twenty-five (19.8%) of these cases were of grade ≥3. The most common ocular symptoms were blurry vision and dry eye, in 28 (22.2%) and 26 (20.6%) cases, respectively. One hundred and fifteen non-ocular TEAEs were documented in 56 (44.4%) patients, 45 (39.1%) grade ≥3, and were reported in 30 (23.8%) patients. Thrombocytopenia was the only hematologic TEAE whose incidence met the criteria specified in Methods. Thrombocytopenia occurred in 18 (14.3%) patients, being of grade ≥3 in 13 (10.3%) cases. Finally, infection, documented in 18 (14.3%) patients, was the most commonly found non-hematologic toxicity. Half of infection cases were of grade ≥3.

Conclusion. Belamaf showed a noticeable anti-myeloma activity, in this real-life series of RRMM patients, in the line with what has been observed in the DREAMM-2 clinical trial, when administered to a cohort of heavily pretreated RRMM patients in the context of either compassionate use or expanded access programs. The safety profile was manageable and consistent with previous studies.

Disclosures: De La Rubia: AMGEN, BMS, GSK, Janssen, Sanofi, Takeda: Consultancy. Alonso: Amgen: Honoraria; BMS: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; GSK: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria. Escalante: Sanofi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Rios: Becton-Dickinson, Celgene, GSK, Janssen, Sanofi, Binding Site: Consultancy. Sampol: GSK: Consultancy. Gonzalez-Calle: Janssen: Consultancy; Janssen, Pfizer, Bristol-Myers Squibb/Celgene, GlaxoSmithKline: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau. Alegre: Janssen, BMS-Celgene, Amgen, Sanofi,GSK, Grifols, Pfizer, Abbvie, Novartis, Oncopeptide, Takeda: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH