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1880 Effectiveness and Safety of Ixazomib in Combination with Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma in a Real-Life Population in France: The Remix Study

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 652. Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Dyscrasias: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, epidemiology, Clinical Research, Combination therapy, real-world evidence, Therapies, Study Population, Human
Saturday, December 10, 2022, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Laure Vincent, MD1*, Anne Charvet-Rumpler, MD2*, Lotfi Benboubker, MD3*, Claire Calmettes, MD4*, Anne-Marie Stoppa, MD5*, Kamel Laribi, MD6*, Lauriane Clement Filliatre, MD7*, Fressia Honeyman, MD8*, Richez Valentine, MD9*, Cyrille Hulin10*, Frédéric Maloisel, MD11*, Margaret Macro, MD12*, Lionel Karlin13*, Vanessa Barué, MD14*, Christos Chouaid, MD, PhD15*, Hacène Zerazhi, MD16* and Xavier Leleu, MD, PhD17

1Department of Hematology, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France
2Hématologie, CHRU Jean Minjoz Besançon, Besancon, France
3Hématologie Thérapie Cellulaire, Hopital Bretonneau, CHRU Tours, Tours, France
4Oncologie-Hématologie, Centre Hospitalier de Périgueux, Périgueux, France
5Hématologie, Institut Paoli Calmettes, Marseille, France
6Hématologie clinique, CH Le Mans, Le Mans, France
7Hématologie clinique, Clinique louis pasteur, Essey-lès-Nancy, FRA
8Hématologie, C.H.U de Saint-Étienne, Saint-Priest-en-Jarez, France
9Hématologie clinique, Hôpital l'Archet, Nice, France
10Hôpital Haut Leveque, University Hospital, Pessac, France
11Hématologie, Clinique Sainte Anne, Strasbourg, France
12Hématologie clinique, IBHN - CHU de Caen, Caen, France
13Hématologie clinique, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France
14Takeda France, Paris, France
15CHI de Créteil, Créteil, France
16Service Oncologie médicale et Hématologie Clinique, Centre Hospitalier d'Avignon, Avignon, France
17Department of Oncology, Hematology and Cellular Therapy, Poitiers University Hospital, Poitiers, France

Background

Ixazomib (IXA) is an oral proteasome inhibitor (PI) used in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (IXA-Rd) for patients (pts) with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Efficacy and safety have been demonstrated in the phase 3 Tourmaline-MM1 clinical trial (1), which has recently reported the longest median overall survival (mOS) in phase III studies of Rd-based triplets (53.6 months, mo) (2).

The REMIX study has been conducted since IXA became available in France in 2017. It is the largest cohort of RRMM pts receiving IXA-Rd combination in real life. The final analysis was performed with a median follow-up of 28.7 mo.

Methods

REMIX is a non-interventional, prospective study conducted in 59 sites (public and private) in pts with RRMM in France. To be eligible pts had to receive IXA-Rd in second line or later and IXA had to be initiated concomitantly to Rd (pts who started lenalidomide (lena) more than 6 weeks before IXA were excluded). After inclusion, pts were assessed every 3 mo during 24 mo and then every 6 mo as per standard practice.

Analysis comprised OS, progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), very good partial response (VGPR) and tolerance. The analysis was conducted for the overall population and in subgroups of interest: age and lines of treatment (L2, L3 or L4+).

Results

A total of 376 eligible pts were included. Median age was 71 years (y) with 18.4% of patients aged ≥80y. At IXA-Rd initiation, 48.8% of pts were frail and 21.8% had renal clearance ≤50 ml/min. Comorbidities were reported in 62.8% of pts, including diabetes (8.8%), renal disease (8.8%) or solid tumour (6.4%). At inclusion, the cytogenetic risk was standard, high or unknown in 44.4%, 12% and 43.6% of pts, respectively. MM was diagnosed at a median of 4y before IXA-Rd initiation.

44.5% of pts had previous autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). IXA-Rd was initiated in L2, L3 or advanced lines (L4+) in 60.4%, 18.1% and 21.5% of pts, respectively. Regarding previous treatment received, 66.0% of pts had received IMID (including 39.2% lena and 11.7% pomalidomide), 93.1% had received PI (including 91.7% bortezomib and 7.5% carfilzomib) and 13.9% had received daratumumab.

Most pts were previously exposed to lena in L3 (73.5% of L3, n=50/68, for a median duration of 16 mo) and L4+ (91.3% of L4+, n=73/81, for 17 mo) compared to L2 (10.6% of L2, n=24/227, for 18 mo). Out of all pts, 26, (7.9%) were considered lena-refractory during previous therapy. The median washout (WO) period between lena discontinuation and IXA-Rd start was 22.8 mo (SD: ±23.9). IXA was used for a median of 12.4 mo (13 cycles) at a 4-mg dose for 90.4% of pts.

The median PFS (mPFS) was 19.1 mo (95% CI: 14.9-21.5) for the overall cohort, with a mPFS of 21.5 mo (95% CI: 19.2-24.8) for L2 (n=213), 21.9 mo (95% CI: 16.2-28.7) for L3 (n=65) and 5.8 mo (95% CI: 4.8-9.4) for L4+ (n=80). In the subgroups of pts aged <80y (n=293) and ≥80y (n=65), mPFS were 19.1 mo (95% CI: 15.9-21.9), and 17.4 mo (95% CI: 10.8-23.0), respectively. The mOS was not reached for the overall cohort; 36mo and 48mo OS rates were respectively 58.3% (95% CI: 52.6%-63.9%) and 52.4% (95% CI: 44.2%-60.5%). The 36mo OS rates were 63.4% (95% CI: 56.1-70.8%), 68.9% (95% CI: 57.1-80.7%) and 35.3% (95% CI: 23.9-46.7%) in L2, L3 and L4+ pts respectively. Among the 331 pts with available response according to investigators, the ORR was 73.1% (79.8% in L2, 70% in L3 and 54.4% in L4+ patients) and the VGPR rate was 45% (52.7% in L2, 41.7% in L3 and 25% in L4+ pts).

IXA discontinuation was reported in 74.1% of pts (n=278). Discontinuation was related to AE in 21% of cases (n=79). Serious adverse events (SAE) were reported in 54.3% (n=204), including 57 (15.2%) pts with SAE considered related to IXA. Most frequent (>10%) AEs were diarrhoea (52%), thrombocytopenia (45.9%), asthenia (29.7%), neutropenia (23.6%) and anaemia (22.3%).

Conclusion

The REMIX study reported a mPFS in real-world conditions of 19.1 mo consistent with MM1 (20.6 mo), while half of patients were considered frail and 39.2% had previously received lenalidomide. The effectiveness in third line of treatment is similar to that in second line but was lower in L4+ as expected (5.7 mo). mOS is not reached at 48mo which aligns with MM1 final analysis. Reported AEs are consistent with the known safety profile of Ixazomib.

Funding

Takeda

Disclosures: Vincent: BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Financing meeting participation; Pfizer: Other: Financing meeting participation, congress participation; Sanofi: Honoraria, Other: Financing meeting participation; Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Financing meeting participation; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Financing meeting participation; Sandoz: Other: Education course paid by sandoz; Amgen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Laribi: AbbVie, AstraZeneca, Beigene, Iqone, Janssen, Novartis, Takeda: Honoraria. Hulin: Amgen: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; GSK: Honoraria; BMS: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria. Macro: Takeda: Honoraria, Other: Travel/accommodation, Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria, Other: Travel/accommodation, Research Funding. Karlin: Celgene-BMS: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Financial Support travel & scientific meetings; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Financial Support travel & scientific meetings; Sanofi: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Barué: Takeda: Current Employment. Chouaid: Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; BMS: Honoraria, Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria, Research Funding; Merck Sharp & Dohme: Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; Pfizer: Honoraria, Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Honoraria, Research Funding. Leleu: Janssen: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria; Amgen, Merck, BMS, GSK, Janssen, Oncopeptide, Takeda, Roche, Novartis, AbbVie, Sanofi, Gilead, Pfizer, Harpoon Therapeutic, Regeneron, Iteos: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS: Honoraria; Amgen, BMS/Celgene, Janssen, Takeda, Novartis, Sanofi, Merck, Oncopeptide, Karyopharm, Roche, Abbvie, Carsgen, GSK, and Harpoon Therapeutics: Honoraria.

*signifies non-member of ASH