-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
-Asterisk * with author name denotes a Non-ASH member
Clinically Relevant Abstract denotes an abstract that is clinically relevant.

PhD Trainee denotes that this is a recommended PHD Trainee Session.

Ticketed Session denotes that this is a ticketed session.

1627 Preliminary Safety and Efficacy of Zanubrutinib in Combination with Lenalidomide in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 626. Aggressive Lymphomas: Prospective Therapeutic Trials: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Research, clinical trials, adult, Lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Clinical Research, B Cell lymphoma, Combination therapy, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies, Study Population, Human
Saturday, December 10, 2022, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Huilai Zhang1*, Keshu Zhou2*, Ying Cheng3*, Liling Zhang4*, Haiyan Yang5*, Liqun Zou, MD, PhD6*, Junning Cao, MD7, Huiqiang Huang8, Ye Guo9*, Zhao Wang10, Sha Huang11*, Zhiyu Liang11*, Hui Yao11*, Haiyi Guo11*, Yiqian Fang11* and Hongjie Zhu11*

1Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital, Tianjin, China
2Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, China
3Jilin Cancer Hospital, Changchun, China
4Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
5The Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Hangzhou, China
6West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
7Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China
8Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China
9Shanghai East Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
10Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
11BeiGene (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China

Background/Introduction: Despite overall improvements in outcomes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), about one-third of patients will develop relapsed/refractory (R/R) disease, which remains a major cause of mortality. Effective therapies for R/R DLBCL are limited in China, especially for those patients not eligible for high-dose therapy/stem cell transplantation (HDT/SCT). Zanubrutinib, a potent and selective inhibitor of Bruton tyrosine kinase, is approved for various B-cell malignancies, and preclinical data suggest potential synergy when combined with lenalidomide. Here, we present the preliminary results from the dose-escalation part of an ongoing phase 1, open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation and -expansion study of zanubrutinib plus lenalidomide combination treatment in patients with R/R DLBCL (NCT04436107).

Methods: Patients with R/R DLBCL who had received at least 1 prior line of adequate systemic therapy and were ineligible for HDT/SCT were enrolled. In the dose-escalation part, patients received lenalidomide at 15 mg (dose level 1), 20 mg (dose level 2), or 25 mg (dose level 3) orally once daily on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle. All dose levels were given in combination with zanubrutinib 160 mg orally twice daily continuously until progressive disease or intolerable toxicity. The primary endpoints of the dose-escalation part were safety and the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of lenalidomide in the combination.

Results: As of June 6, 2022, a total of 27 patients were enrolled and treated in the dose-escalation part (6 at dose level 1, 10 at dose level 2, and 11 at dose level 3). Median age was 58.0 years (range 29-77), 74.1% of patients had stage III-IV disease, 51.9% had refractory disease, and 63.0% had non-germinal center B-cell like disease. Median number of prior systemic therapies was 1 (range 1-5). Median treatment exposure was 5.6 months (range 0.4-19.8) for both zanubrutinib and lenalidomide and the median follow-up was 8.3 months (range 0.5-20.4). Twenty-six (96.3%) patients experienced at least 1 treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE), and the incidence of any grade TEAEs did not increase significantly with increasing dose. Grade ≥3 TEAEs occurred in 63.0% of patients. The most common grade ≥3 TEAEs were hematologic toxicities and were generally manageable across all dose levels. No patients experienced dose-limiting toxicity at any tested dose level. Maximum tolerated dose was not reached. One TEAE leading to death was reported at dose level 2, and was assessed as not related to the study treatment. The summary of TEAEs is listed in Table 1.

The overall response rate (ORR) was 51.9%, with the best ORR at dose level 3 (90.9%; Table 2). The overall complete response (CR) rate was 22.2%, and patients treated with dose level 3 displayed the highest CR rate at 36.4%. The median duration of response was not reached across all dose levels (overall 95% CI: 3.02-not estimable). Based on the strong efficacy and manageable safety demonstrated, the RP2D of lenalidomide in the combination was determined to be dose level 3.

Conclusion: Zanubrutinib and lenalidomide combination treatment showed an acceptable safety profile and promising preliminary efficacy data in patients with R/R DLBCL, with a dose-dependent increase in response in the 3 dose cohorts. The dose-expansion part of the study, which uses dose level 3 (zanubrutinib 160 mg twice daily continuously, lenalidomide 25 mg once daily on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle) as the RP2D, is now recruiting.

Disclosures: Huang: BeiGene (Shanghai) Co., Ltd: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Liang: BeiGene Ltd: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses. Yao: BeiGene Ltd: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Other: travel, accommodations, expenses. Guo: BeiGene Ltd: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Other: Travel, Accommodations, and Expenses. Zhu: BeiGene: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.

*signifies non-member of ASH