Session: Late-Breaking Abstracts Session
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Bleeding and Clotting, Hemophilia, Clinical Research, Diseases
Aim: Describe outcomes in the verITI-8 study of first-time ITI with rFVIIIFc over 48 weeks in subjects with severe hemophilia A and high-titer inhibitors.
Methods: VerITI-8 is a prospective, single-arm, open-label, multicenter study exploring efficacy of rFVIIIFc for first-time ITI in people with severe hemophilia A with high-titer inhibitors. Initial screening was followed by an ITI period in which all subjects received rFVIIIFc 200 IU/kg/day until tolerization or 48 weeks had elapsed (Figure). This was followed by tapered dose reduction to standard prophylaxis and follow-up. Key inclusion criteria included males with severe hemophilia A, high-titer inhibitors (historical peak ≥5 Bethesda units [BU]/mL), and prior treatment with any plasma-derived or recombinant standard half-life or EHL FVIII. Key exclusion criteria included coagulation disorder(s) other than hemophilia A and previous ITI. The primary endpoint was time to tolerization (successful ITI) with rFVIIIFc defined by inhibitor titer <0.6 BU/mL, incremental recovery (IR) ≥66% of expected IR (IR ≥1.32 IU/dL per IU/kg) (both at 2 consecutive visits), and t½ ≥7 hours (h) within 48 weeks. Secondary endpoints included number of subjects achieving ITI success, annualized bleed rates (ABR), and adverse events (AEs).
Results: Sixteen subjects were enrolled and received ≥1 rFVIIIFc dose. Median (range) age at baseline was 2.1 (0.8–16.0) years, and historical peak inhibitor titer was 22.4 (6.2–256.0) BU/mL (Table). Twelve (75%), 11 (69%), and 10 (63%) subjects, respectively, achieved a negative inhibitor titer, an IR >66%, and a t½ ≥7 h (ie, tolerance) within 48 weeks. Median (IQR) times in weeks to achieve these markers of success were 7.4 (2.2–17.8), 6.8 (5.4–22.4), and 11.7 (9.8–26.2) (ie, 2.7 [2.3–6.0] months to tolerance), respectively. One subject achieved partial success (negative inhibitor titer and IR ≥66%), and 5 subjects failed ITI, of which 2 had high inhibitors throughout, 2 experienced an increase in inhibitor levels, and 1 recorded a negative inhibitor titer at 282 days. Most bleeds occurred in the ITI period when median (IQR) ABRs (n=13) were 3.8 (0–10.1) overall, 0 (0–2.6) for spontaneous, 1 (0–4) for traumatic, and 0 (0–3.1) for joint. During tapering, median (IQR) ABRs (n=10) were overall, 0 (0–2.4); spontaneous, 0 (0–0); traumatic, 0 (0–1.3); and joint, 0 (0–0). All 16 subjects experienced ≥1 treatment-emergent AE (TEAE), the most frequent of which was pyrexia in 7 subjects (44%). One subject reported ≥1 related TEAE (injection site pain). Nine subjects (56%) experienced ≥1 treatment-emergent serious AE (TESAE). TESAEs occurring in ≥2 subjects included vascular device infection, contusion, and hemarthrosis. No treatment-related TESAEs, discontinuations due to AEs, or deaths were reported.
Conclusions: rFVIIIFc is the first EHL FVIII with prospective data for first-time ITI in patients with severe hemophilia A with historical high-titer inhibitors. Evaluated within a 48-week timeframe, rFVIIIFc offered rapid time to tolerization (median 11.7 weeks; 2.7 months) with durable responses in almost two-thirds of subjects and was well tolerated. Optimizing ITI to eradicate inhibitors remains a priority.
Disclosures: Malec: CSL Behring: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy; HEMA Biologics: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy; Bioverativ: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Shire: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy. Van Damme: Pfizer: Consultancy; Shire: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy. Chan: Bioverativ: Consultancy. Jain: Sanofi: Ended employment in the past 24 months; Takeda: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Sensinger: Sanofi: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Dumont: Sanofi: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Lethagen: Sobi: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Carcao: Bayer, Bioverativ/Sanofi, CSL Behring, Novo Nordisk, Octapharma, Pfizer, Roche, and Shire/Takeda: Research Funding; Bayer, Bioverativ/Sanofi, CSL Behring, Grifols, LFB, Novo Nordisk, Pfizer, Roche, and Shire/Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Peyvandi: Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria; Sobi: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria; Ablynx, Grifols, Kedrion, Novo Nordisk, Roche, Shire, and Sobi: Other: Personal Fees.
OffLabel Disclosure: adheres to routine clinical practice