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3682 Efficacy of Oral Decitabine/Cedazuridine (ASTX727) in the CMML Subgroup from the Ascertain Phase 3 Study

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 637. Myelodysplastic Syndromes — Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Adults, Workforce, Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Accessibility (DEI/DEIA) , Diseases, Myeloid Malignancies, Study Population
Monday, December 13, 2021, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Michael R. Savona, MD1, James K McCloskey, MD2, Elizabeth A. Griffiths, MD3, Karen Yee, MD4, Amer M. Zeidan, MD5, Aref Al-Kali, MD6, H. Joachim Deeg, MD7, Prapti Patel, MD8, Mitchell Sabloff, MSc, MD, FRCPC9, Mary-Margaret Keating, MD, FRCPC10, Kim-Hien Dao, DO11, Nancy Zhu, MD12*, Nashat Gabrail, MD13*, Salman Fazal, MD14, Joseph Maly, MD15, Olatoyosi Odenike, MD16, Hagop Kantarjian, MD17, Amy E. DeZern, MD18, Casey L. O'Connell, MD19, Gail J. Roboz, MD20, Lambert Busque, MD21, Richard A. Wells, MD, DPhil22*, Harshad Amin, MD23*, Jasleen K. Randhawa, MD24, Brian Leber, MD25, Yong Hao, MD, PhD11*, Harold N. Keer, MD, PhD11, Mohammad Azab, MD11 and Guillermo Garcia-Manero, MD17

1Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN
2John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack Meridian Health, Hackensack, NJ
3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York, NY
4Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
5Yale University and Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, CT
6Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
7Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
8University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX
9Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa and The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada
10Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, NS, Canada
11Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Pleasanton, CA
12University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
13Gabrail Cancer Center Research, Canton, OH
14West Penn Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA
15Norton Cancer Institute, Louisville, KY
16University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
17The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
18Johns Hopkins University Hospital, Baltimore, MD
19USC Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
20Weill Cornell Medicine, The New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY
21Research Center, Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada
22Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada
23Boca Raton Clinical Research, Boca Raton, FL
24Houston Methodist Cancer Center, Houston
25McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Abstract text:

Background/Introduction:
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) is an uncommon MDS/MPN overlap syndrome that has historically been included under the umbrella of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) for clinical trial and treatment. As a result, DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) such as decitabine or azacitidine have been the established standard of care for the treatment of CMML. The oral bioavailability of these agents has been limited due to rapid degradation by cytidine deaminase (CDA) in the gut and liver so treatment has required intravenous infusion or subcutaneous injections daily for 5-7 days every month (m) adding significant burden to older cancer patients due to daily time commitment and travel to treatment centers. In the context of pandemic SARS-CoV-2, parenteral therapy also increases contact with medical settings with increased infection risk. Oral decitabine 35 mg/cedazuridine 100 mg (ASTX727) is an oral fixed dose combination of decitabine and the CDA inhibitor cedazuridine that produced equivalent exposure (99%; 90% CI 93% to 106%) to IV decitabine 20 mg/m2 in a randomized cross-over study (Garcia-Manero et al, ASH 2019), and Median overall survival (mOS) for the entire study population in the ASCERTAIN study was approximately 32 months (Savona, 2021). Here, we present outcome data for this study for the enrolled subpopulation of patients with CMML.

Methods:

We used a randomized cross over design in which patients were randomized in the first 2 cycles 1:1 to either Sequence A: (decitabine 35 mg/ cedazuridine 100 mg in Cycle 1 followed by IV decitabine at 20 mg/m2 in Cycle 2), or Sequence B: (IV decitabine in Cycle 1 followed by oral decitabine/cedazuridine in Cycle 2). We conducted an intra-patient comparison of decitabine PK (primary PK endpoint: decitabine AUC equivalence over 5 days of dosing). Cycles were repeated every 28 days (unless delays were needed). All patients received oral decitabine/cedazuridine in Cycles 3 and above until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients were eligible per the FDA-approved label of IV decitabine (MDS patients by FAB classification including CMML, or MDS IPSS Intermediate-1, 2 or high-risk patients). Clinical endpoints were best response according to International Working Group (IWG) 2006 response criteria, transfusion independence for at least 8 or 16 consecutive weeks, overall survival, and safety. Adverse events (AEs) were graded by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v 4.03.

Results:

Of the 133 patients enrolled and treated in ASCERTAIN, 16 (12%) had a diagnosis of CMML with demographics and as follows: median age 71.5 years, 69% Male/31% Female, median weight 87kg (range 65-124), 25% ECOG 0, 75% ECOG 1. Population disease characteristics were: 19% poor or intermediate risk cytogenetics, with median baseline hemoglobin 90 g/L, neutrophils 1.27 X 109/L, platelets 84 x 109/L, bone marrow blasts 5%, with 38% RBC transfusion dependent. Patients received a median of 7 cycles of therapy (range 3-24). Treatment-emergent adverse events of CTCAE Grade 3 or higher in > 10% of patients, independent of relationship to ASTX727, were cytopenias (neutropenia [69%], thrombocytopenia [63%], anemia [56%], leukopenia [19%]), febrile neutropenia (31%), fatigue (13%). Two patients (12.5%) had Complete Responses (CR), 8 (50%) had marrow CR ([mCR], including 3 (19%) with hematologic improvement (HI); Overall Response rate (ORR) [CR + PR+ mCR + HI] was 75%. Of six patients with baseline RBC transfusion dependence 3 (50%) became transfusion independent. Leukemia-free survival was 28.2 months and after a median follow up of more than 33 months, median overall survival had not been reached. Two patients (13%) went on to Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HCT).

Conclusions:

In the overall study, oral decitabine/cedazuridine delivered equivalent PK exposure to 5 days of IV decitabine 20mg/m2 with a resultant clinical activity safety and efficacy profile in CMML patients consistent with the published literature (e.g Zeidan, et al 2017) and the Phase 2 experience. The use of oral decitabine/cedazuridine is a reasonable approach in CMML patients.

References:
Garcia-Manero, et al ASH 2019

Savona, et al, Int. MDS Symposium, 2021

Zeidan, et al, Cancer 2017: 3754-3762.

Disclosures: Savona: Geron: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; CTI: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS-Celgene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; NOVARTIS: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Ryvu: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sierra Oncology: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Taiho: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; ALX Oncology: Research Funding; Astex: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding. McCloskey: Pfizer: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Incyte: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Consultancy; COTA: Other: Equity Ownership; BMS: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Speakers Bureau; Jazz: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau. Griffiths: Genentech: Research Funding; Alexion Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding; Astex Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda Oncology: Consultancy, Honoraria; Taiho Oncology: Consultancy, Honoraria; Apellis Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria; Celgene/Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Boston Biomedical: Consultancy. Yee: Novartis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Forma Therapeutics: Research Funding; Geron: Research Funding; Shattuck Labs: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol-Myers Squibb/Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; F. Hoffmann La Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; AbbVie: Honoraria; Janssen: Research Funding; Onconova: Research Funding; Genentech: Research Funding; Otsuka: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; MedImmune: Research Funding; Jazz: Research Funding; Astex: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Tolero: Research Funding; Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TaiHo: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Paladin: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Zeidan: Aprea: Consultancy, Research Funding; Agios: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy, Research Funding; Kura: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Ionis: Consultancy; ADC Therapeutics: Research Funding; BioCryst: Other: Clinical Trial Committees; Geron: Other: Clinical Trial Committees; Astellas: Consultancy; Astex: Research Funding; BeyondSpring: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees, Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees; Genentech: Consultancy; Epizyme: Consultancy; Boehringer Ingelheim: Consultancy, Research Funding; Cardiff Oncology: Consultancy, Other: Travel support, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees, Travel support, Research Funding; Loxo Oncology: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees; AbbVie: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees, Research Funding; Acceleron: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Pfizer: Other: Travel support, Research Funding; Jasper: Consultancy; Jazz: Consultancy. Al-Kali: Novartis: Research Funding; Astex: Other: Research support to institution. Patel: Agios: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene-BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; PVI: Honoraria. Sabloff: Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Astellas: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TaiHo: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Jaxx: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; ROCHE: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Dao: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Current Employment. Fazal: Janssen Oncology: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Taiho Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Gilead Sciences: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Agios: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Sanofi Genzyme: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Glaxo Smith Kline: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; AMGEN: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Incyte: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Stemline Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau. Odenike: Celgene, Incyte, AstraZeneca, Astex, NS Pharma, AbbVie, Gilead, Janssen, Oncotherapy, Agios, CTI/Baxalta, Aprea: Research Funding; AbbVie, Celgene, Impact Biomedicines, Novartis, Taiho Oncology, Takeda: Consultancy. Kantarjian: Ipsen Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria; Astra Zeneca: Honoraria; Astellas Health: Honoraria; Aptitude Health: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; Jazz: Research Funding; Immunogen: Research Funding; Daiichi-Sankyo: Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; Ascentage: Research Funding; Amgen: Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Honoraria, Research Funding; KAHR Medical Ltd: Honoraria; NOVA Research: Honoraria; Precision Biosciences: Honoraria; Taiho Pharmaceutical Canada: Honoraria. DeZern: Taiho: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Roboz: Janssen: Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy; Actinium: Consultancy; Agios: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Astex: Consultancy; Astellas: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; Blueprint Medicines: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Glaxo SmithKline: Consultancy; Helsinn: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Jasper Therapeutics: Consultancy; Jazz: Consultancy; MEI Pharma - IDMC Chair: Consultancy; Mesoblast: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Otsuka: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; Roche/Genentech: Consultancy. Busque: Novartis: Consultancy. Leber: Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; BMS: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; AMGEN: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; TaiHo: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Otsuka: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Astellas: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Jazz: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau. Hao: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Current Employment. Keer: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Current Employment. Azab: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.

*signifies non-member of ASH