Session: 331. Thrombosis: Thrombosis II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Epidemiology, Workforce, Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Accessibility (DEI/DEIA) , Real World Evidence
Aim: To investigate the frequency of recurrent VTE in children birth to 21 years of age (inclusive) with SCD and history of prior VTE.
Methods: We analyzed patient-level data from the TriNetX Research Network Database, a global federated network of electronic medical record (EMR) data from 42 health care organizations. Children ≤21 years of age with a diagnosis of SCD and history of VTE between January 1 2008 to March 31 2021 were included in the analysis. Index VTE was defined as the first diagnosis of VTE in the patient’s EMR. Recurrent VTE was defined as an acute VTE diagnosis that occurred 90 days after the index VTE discharge date in a different anatomic location from the index VTE. Patient demographic and clinical characteristics were summarized using counts and percentages. Missing values were not imputed. Overall, one year and five-year recurrence VTE are reported with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI).
Results: A total of 119 children with SCD and VTE were included. Table 1 shows the patients baseline characteristics. Mean age at the time of index VTE diagnosis was 16.7 years (standard deviation 5.5 years). The majority of patients were Black (87%) and female (61%). The most frequent index VTE diagnosis was pulmonary embolism (42%) followed by lower (23%) and upper (22%) extremity VTE. Of the 119 patients,10 (8.4%, 95%CI=4-15%) developed recurrent VTE within 1-year and 25 (21.0%, 95%CI=14-29%) developed recurrent VTE within 5-years from index VTE. Compared to patients without recurrent VTE, patients with recurrent VTE were more frequently female (50% vs. 68%, respectively), and slightly older (mean age 16.6 years vs. 17.2 years, respectively). The most frequent anatomic location for VTE recurrence was the upper extremity (32%)
Conclusions: This retrospective database analysis identified, for the first time, high rates of recurrent VTE of 8.4% and 21% at 1- and 5-years post-VTE in children with SCD. These rates stand in contrast with the 3% VTE recurrence at 1-year reported for the general pediatric VTE population.4 Further analyses of the database are ongoing to identify risk factors for recurrent VTE in this population. These initial findings highlight the need for cooperative multicenter prospective studies to reliably establish rates of- and prognostic factors associated with recurrent VTE in children with SCD, in order to generate evidence for disease-specific treatment guidelines, and to inform future prognostically-stratified interventional trials designed to optimize VTE outcomes in pediatric SCD.
1.Kumar R, Stanek J, Creary S, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for venous thromboembolism in children with sickle cell disease: an administrative database study. Blood Adv 2018;2:285–291.
2. Raffini L, Huang YS, Witmer C, Feudtner C. Dramatic increase in venous thromboembolism in children’s hospitals in the United States from 2001to 2007. Pediatrics 2009;124:1001-8.
3. Setty BA, O’Brien SH, Kerlin BA. Pediatric venous thromboembolism in the United States: a tertiary care complication of chronic diseases. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2012;59:258-64.
4. Goldenberg NA, Schulman S, Kittelson JM, et al, Kids-DOTT Trial Investigators and the ATLAS Group. A Six-week versus Three-month Duration of Anticoagulation for Acute Provoked Venous Thromboembolism in Patients < 21 Years Old: Results of the Multinational Kids-DOTT Randomized Controlled Trial. [abstract]. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2021; 5 (Suppl 1).
Disclosures: Betensky: Janssen Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy. Hankins: Bluebird Bio: Consultancy; UpToDate: Consultancy; Vindico Medical Education: Consultancy; Global Blood Therapeutics: Consultancy. Goldenberg: Bristol Myers Squibb: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Daiici: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bayer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Anthos: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.