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1658 Characterization and Management of Oral and Dermatological Toxicities in Patients Receiving the CD3 X GPRC5D Bispecific Antibody Talquetamab (JNJ-64407564) for the Treatment of Relapsed and/or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 653. Myeloma and Plasma Cell Dyscrasias: Clinical-Prospective Therapeutic Trials: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Plasma Cell Disorders, Workforce, Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Accessibility (DEI/DEIA) , Diseases, Adverse Events, Lymphoid Malignancies
Saturday, December 11, 2021, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Stefania Stefania Mancia1*, Annamaria Farrell, PhD2,3*, Karen Louw, NP2*, Erika Florendo, NP4*, Elizabeth Aronson, NP2*, Kiah Purcell, NP2*, Donna D Catamero, ANP-BC, OCN, CCRC5*, Juliet Escalon, NP2*, Joanne Thomas, PhD, RN6*, Annel Aponte, RN2*, Angela Lamb, MD2*, Diana Kirke, MD2*, Aimee Lucas, MD2*, Sundar Jagannath7, Hearn Jay Cho, MD, PhD8, Samir Parekh, MD8, Joshua Richter, MD9, Larysa Sanchez, MD10 and Ajai Chari, MD11

1The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY
2Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY
3Regeneron, Terrytown, NY
4Tisch Cancer Institute, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY
5The Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY
6Icahn School of Medicine At Mount Sinai, New York, NY
7Department of Medicine, Hematology and Medical Oncology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY
8Department of Medicine, Hematology and Medical Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
9Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
10Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
11Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Tisch Cancer Institute, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY

Background: Talquetamab (JNJ-64407564) is a humanized IgG4 bispecific antibody that targets the CD3 receptor complex on T cells and G-protein-coupled receptor class 5 member D (GPRC5D) a transmembrane receptor protein overexpressed on malignant plasma cells in Multiple Myeloma. After 6.3 months of follow up in RRMM, talquetemab monotherapy at the recommended phase 2 dose yielded an overall response rate of 70%. Talquetemab was well tolerated and here we describe the presentation and management of dermatologic and oral adverse events (AEs) in 78 patients (pts) treated with talquetemab at a single center that is part of a multi-center, multi-national study.

Methods: Eligible pts with RRMM were enrolled to the Phase 1, first in human, open-label dose escalation study (NCT03399799) at our site, and received talquetamab intravenously (IV; range 1.5µg/kg -1200µg/kg biweekly or weekly) or subcutaneously (SC; 5µg/kg to 800µg/kg weekly). AEs were graded using CTCAE v4.03.

Results: As of July 2021, 78 pts received talquetamab, 53 (67.9%) by IV and 25 (32%) by SC route. Treatment emergent dermatologic AEs were observed in 20 (25.6%) pts. The most common AEs were palmar/plantar desquamation in 22 pts (28.2%, grade 1/2), nail disorders in 14 pts (17.9%, all grade 1), systemic rash in 11 patients (14%, grades 1-3), and injection site reaction in 7 pts (8.9%, all grade 1). Time of onset for dermatologic toxicities was generally within the first 30 days of therapy.

In collaboration with dermatology consultation, the management of palmar/plantar desquamation, nail disorders, and injection site reaction has been ammonium lactate 12% cream, triamcinolone 0.1% cream, along with plain Vaseline and Vanicream products applied twice daily.

Of the 11 pts with systemic rash, 10 were at or above a dose of 405 µg /kg. Five pts had grade 3 rash requiring dose hold and systemic steroids in conjunction with topical medications. All pts have resumed dosing without recurrence of grade 3 rash. Four of these pts were at a dose level of 800 µg/kg SC. Grade 1-2 rash did not require dose hold and was managed with early intervention of the 3 topical treatments applied to affected areas twice daily.

In addition to the above described dermatologic AEs, treatment emergent oral AEs were observed in 38 (48.7%) pts, all grade 1-2. 42 pts developed dysgeusia (53.8%), 16 developed dry mouth (20.5%), and 17 developed dysphagia (21.8% ).

Dysgeusia resulted in 3 pts requiring drug interruption. 1 pt requiring dose reduction, and 1 discontinued treatment. The average time to onset for dysgeusia was 26.5 days. Dry mouth resulted in no drug interruptions, reductions, or discontinuations, and had an average onset of 6.7 days. Dysphagia also ranged from grades 1-2, with 3 pts requiring drug interruption. There were no dose reductions or treatment discontinuation. The average time to onset was 41.5 days. Dry mouth, dysgeusia, and dysphagia were more prevalent with higher doses.

Along with GI and nutrition consultation, oral AEs have been successfully managed with saliva substitute sprays and rinses. These supportive interventions are instituted promptly at time of onset of symptoms.

The above-described treatments for dermatologic and oral AEs were not protocol mandated procedures.

Discussion

The dermatologic and oral AEs associated with talquetamab have unknown etiologies and are currently under investigation. These AEs are typically low grade, rarely require dose holds or modifications, and have been manageable with early and consistent supportive care. Only one patient to date at our center, has discontinued treatment due to an oral or dermatologic side effect. Talquetamab appears to have a have favorable risk/benefit profile in RRMM with durable responses and manageable toxicities. A standardized regimen of topical and oral supportive care appears to be beneficial in the management of dermatological and oral side effects.

Disclosures: Farrell: Regeneron: Current Employment. Florendo: Legend Biotech: Current Employment. Catamero: Celgene: Ended employment in the past 24 months, Honoraria; Legend: Honoraria; Oncopeptides: Speakers Bureau. Parekh: Foundation Medicine Inc: Consultancy; Amgen: Research Funding; PFIZER: Research Funding; CELGENE: Research Funding; Karyopharm Inv: Research Funding. Richter: Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Speakers Bureau; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Antengene: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; X4 Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Consultancy; Secura Bio: Consultancy; Astra Zeneca: Consultancy. Chari: Janssen Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda Pharmaceutical Company: Consultancy, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Sanofi Genzyme: Consultancy; Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Antegene: Consultancy; Glaxosmithkline: Consultancy; Secura Bio: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH