Session: 332. Anticoagulation and Antithrombotic Therapies
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Anticoagulant Drugs, Clinical Trials, Non-Biological, Clinical Research, Therapies
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban for the acute-phase treatment of SVT (first 3 months of treatment).
Methods: RIVASVT-100 (NCT02627053) was a prospective cohort study of adult patients with a first episode of symptomatic, objectively diagnosed PVT, MVT or SpVT. Exclusion criteria were known liver cirrhosis, Budd-Chiari syndrome, previous or ongoing variceal bleeding, portal cavernoma, thrombocytopenia, severe renal failure, life expectancy <3 months, concomitant interfering medications, treatment with therapeutic dose of heparins for >7 days, ongoing VKA treatment.
Patients received rivaroxaban 15 mg twice daily for 3 weeks, followed by 20 mg once daily for a total of 3 months. Afterwards, the decision to continue any available anticoagulant drug was left to the discretion of the attending physicians. Follow-up was performed at 3 weeks, 2 months, 3 months and 6 months.
Primary outcome was the occurrence of ISTH-defined major bleeding events during the 3 months of active treatment and up to 2 days after the end of study treatment. Secondary outcomes included death, clinically relevant non-major bleeding (CRNMB), recurrent SVT or symptomatic venous thromboembolism in other sites. We here report the results of the 3-month follow-up.
Results: Between June 2015 and March 2021, 103 patients were enrolled from 18 participating centres. After excluding 3 patients who did not meet the criteria for eligibility, 100 patients were included in the analysis. Mean (SD) age was 54.4 (± 15.5) years; 64% were males. Overall, 74% of patients had PVT, 61% MVT and 48% SpVT; 53% of SVT occurred in multiple sites. The most common risk factors were abdominal inflammation/infection (26%), followed by solid cancer (9%), overt myeloproliferative neoplasms (9%) and oestrogen hormonal therapy (9%), while 43% of cases were unprovoked. The JAK2 V617F mutation was detected in 13 out of 50 tested patients (26%).
Rivaroxaban was the sole anticoagulant agent used in 21% of patients, whereas the remaining received a combination of anticoagulants, which included low molecular weight heparin, unfractionated heparin or fondaparinux for a median of 5.0 days before transitioning to rivaroxaban.
Three patients were lost to follow-up but known to be alive at the end of the study. At 3-month follow-up, 1 (1.0%) patient died due to a non-SVT related cause. Two patients (2.06%; 95% CI, 0.57-7.21) had major bleeding events (both gastrointestinal), while 3 patients (3.09%) had CRNMB. There were 2 recurrent SVT (2.06%) during rivaroxaban treatment, one of these occurred in a patient with metastatic solid cancer. The 6-month follow-up for the last enrolled patient is ongoing.
Conclusions: Rivaroxaban appears to be safe and effective for the acute-phase treatment of SVT in non-cirrhotic patients.
Disclosures: Beyer-Westendorf: Bayer: Other: Personal fees; Daiichi Sankyo: Other: Personal fees; Pfizer: Other: Personal fees; Portola-Alexion: Other: Personal fees. Carrier: Sanofi: Honoraria; Leo Pharma: Honoraria, Research Funding; Servier: Honoraria; Bayer: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria, Research Funding; BMS: Honoraria, Research Funding. Bertoletti: BMS: Honoraria, Other: Personal Fees; Pfizer: Honoraria, Other: Personal fees; Aspen: Other: Personal Fees; Bayer: Other: Personal Fees; Leo Pharma: Other: Personal Fee. Di Nisio: Bayer, Daiichi Sankyo, BMS-Pfizer, Leo Pharma, and Sanofi: Other: Personal fees. Ageno: Bayer: Research Funding; Bayer, Portola, Janssen, Aspen, Norgine, Sanofi.: Other: Advisory Board.
OffLabel Disclosure: The use of rivaroxaban in splanchnic vein thrombosis is off label in most countries.
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